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This keyword data block is used to define temperature during batch-reaction steps. This data block can also be used to specify the temperature in a cell or range of cells during advective-transport calculations ( ADVECTION ) and the initial temperature for a cell or range of cells in advective-dispersive transport calculations (TRANSPORT).
number --Positive number or a range of numbers to designate this temperature definition. A range of numbers may be given in the form m-n , where m and n are positive integers, m is less than n , and the two numbers are separated by a hyphen without intervening spaces. Default is 1.
list of temperatures --A list of temperatures (°C) that will be applied to batch-reaction calculations. More lines may be used to supply additional temperatures. One batch-reaction calculation will be performed for each listed temperature.
; if steps = 1, then the temperature of the batch reaction will be . Example data block 2 performs exactly the same calculations as Example data block 1. If more batch-reaction steps are defined by KINETICS, REACTION, or REACTION_PRESSURE input, the temperature of the additional steps will be temp 2 .
If more batch-reaction steps are defined in KINETICS, REACTION, or REACTION_PRESSURE than temperature steps in REACTION_TEMPERATURE , then the final temperature will be used for all of the additional batch-reaction steps. INCREMENTAL_REACTIONS keyword has no effect on the REACTION_TEMPERATURE data block. The default temperature of a reaction step is equal to the temperature of the initial solution or the mixing-fraction-averaged temperature of a mixture. REACTION_TEMPERATURE input can be used even if there is no REACTION input. The method of calculation of temperature steps using “ in ” is slightly different than that for reaction steps. If n temperature steps are defined with “ in n ” in a REACTION_TEMPERATURE data block, then the temperature of the first reaction step is equal to temp 1 ; temperatures in the remaining steps change in n-1 equal increments. In contrast, if n reaction steps are defined with “ in n ” in a REACTION data block, then the reaction is added in n equal increments.
In an advective-transport calculation ( ADVECTION ), if REACTION_TEMPERATURE n is defined (or a range is defined n - m ), and n is less than or equal to the number of cells in the simulation, then the first temperature in the data block of REACTION_TEMPERATURE n is used as the temperature in cell n (or cells n - m ) for all shifts in the advective-transport calculation. In advective-dispersive transport simulations (TRANSPORT), the initial equilibration also occurs at the first temperature of REACTION_TEMPERATURE n in cell n . However, depending on the setting of temperature retardation factor ( -thermal_diffusion in the TRANSPORT data block), an exchange of heat may take place that will cause the temperature of the cell to change as transport progresses.
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