The Reston Chlorofluorocarbon Laboratory

Selected References for Dissolved Gas N2 / Ar

Compiled by Niel Plummer and Eurybiades Busenberg

More References in the Extensive Reference List

Almon, E., and Magaritz, M., 1990, Dissolved common gases in groundwaters of the Appalachian Region. Jour. Hydrol., v. 121, 21-32.

Andrews, J. N., and Lee, D. J., 1979, Inert gases in groundwater from the Bunter sandstone of England as indicators of age and paleoclimatic trends: Journal of Hydrology, v. 41, p. 233-252.

Andrews, J.N., Davis, S.N., Fabryka-Martin, J., Fontes, J.Ch., Lehmann, B.E., Loosli, H.H., Michelot, J.-L., Moser, H., Smith, B., and Wolf, M., 1989. The in-situ production of radionuclides in rock matrices with particular reference to the Stripa granite. Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta, 43:1803-1815.

Andrews, J.N., Drimmie, R.J., Loosli, H.H., Hendry, M.J., 1991. Dissolved gases in the Milk River aquifer, Alberta, Canada. Appl. Geochem., 6:393-403.

Andrews, J. N., Hussein, N., and Youngman, M. J., 1989, Atmospheric and radiogenic gasses in groundwater from the Stripa granite: Geochim. et Cosmochim. Acta, v. 53, p. 1831-1841.

Andrews, J.N., 1985, The isotopic composition of radiogenic helium and its use to study groundwater movement in confined aquifers: Chem. Geol., v. 49, p. 339-351.

Andrews, J.N., 1991, Noble gases and radioelements in groundwaters. In, "Applied Groundwater Hydrology, A British Perspective", R.A. Downing and W.B. Wilkinson, Eds., 243-265, Clarendon Press, Oxford.

Böhlke, J.K., and Irwin, J.J., 1992, Brine history indicated by argon, krypton, chlorine, bromine, and iodine analyses of fluid inclusions from the Mississippi Valley type lead-fluorite-barite deposits at Hansonburg, New Mexico: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 110, p. 51-66.

Bottomley, D.J., Ross, J.D., and Clarke, W.B., 1984, Helium and neon isotope geochemistry of some groundwaters from the Canadian Precambrian Shield: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 48, p. 1973-1985.

Busenberg, E., and Plummer, L. N., 1994, Concentrations of chlorofluorocarbons and other gases in ground waters at Mirror Lake, New Hampshire. Manuscript prepared for the U.S. Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program --Proceedings of the technical meeting, Colorado Springs, Colorado, September 1993. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4014, p.

Busenberg, E., Weeks, E.P., Plummer, L.N., and Bartholemay, R.C., 1993. Age dating ground water by use of chlorofluorocarbons (CC13F and CC12F2), and distribution of chlorofluorocarbons in the unsaturated zone, Snake River Plain aquifer, Idaho National Engineering laboratory, Idaho. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 93-4054, 47 p.

Clark, J.F., Davission, M.L., Hudson G.B., Macfarlane, P.A., 1998. Noble gases stableisotopes and radiocarbon as tracers of flow in the Dakota aquifer, Colorado and Kansas. J. Hydrol., 211: 151-167.

Clark, J.F., Stute, M., Schlosser, P., Drenkard, S., Bonani, G., 1997. A tracer study of the Floridan aquifer in southeastern Georgia: Implications for groundwater flow and paleoclimate. Water Resour. Res., 33: 281-289.

Clever, H.L., (Ed.), 1979. Krypton, xenon and radon - Gas solubilities. In "Solubility Data Series," Vol. 2. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford.

D'Aoust, B.G., and Clark, M.J.R., 1980, Analysis of supersaturated air in natural waters and reservoirs. Trans. Amer. Fisheries Soc., v. 109, 708-724.

Deak, J., Deseo, E., Böhlke, J.K., and Revesz, K., 1996, Isotope hydrology studies in the Szigetkoz region, northwest Hungary. In: Isotopes in Water Resources Management, International Atomic Energy Agency, v. 1, p. 419-432.

Dunkle, S.A., Plummer, L.N., Busenberg, E., Phillips, P.J., Denver, J.M., Hamilton, P.A., Michel, R.L., and Coplen, T.B., 1993, Chlorofluorocarbons (CCl3F and CCl2F2) as Dating Tools and Hydrologic Tracers in Shallow Ground Water of the Delmarva Peninsula, Atlantic Coastal Plain, United States: Water Resources Research, v. 29, no. 12, p. 3837-3860.

Dyck, W., and Jonasson, I.R., 1977, The nature and behavior of gases in natural waters. Water Research, v. 11, 705-711.

Heaton, T.H.E., 1984, Dissolved ions, stable and radioactive isotopes and noble gases in thermal waters of South Africa -A comment. Jour. Hydrol., v. 72, 195-199.

Heaton, T.H.E., 1984, Rates and sources of 4He accumulation in groundwater. Hydrological Sciences - Journal, v. 29, 29-47.

Heaton, T.H.E., and Vogel, J.C., 1980, Rate of oxygen removal in some South African groundwaters. Hydrological Sciences -Bulletin, v. 25, 373-377.

Heaton, T.H.E., and Vogel, J.C., 1981, "Excess air" in groundwater. Jour. Hydrol., v. 50, 201-216.

Heaton, T.H.E., Dissolved Gases: Some Applications to Groundwater Research, Trans. Geol. Soc. S. Africa, 84, 91-97, 1981.

Heaton, T.H.E., Talma, A.S., and Vogel, J.C., 1983, Origin and history of nitrate in confined groundwater in the Western Kalahari. Jour. Hydrol, v. 62, 243-262.

Heaton, T.H.E., Talma, A.S., and Vogel, J.C., 1986, Dissolved gas paleotemperatures and 18O variations derived from groundwater near Uitenhage, South Africa. Quaternary Research, v. 25, 79-88.

Hermansson, H. P., Sjoblom, R., and Akerblom, G., 1991, Geogas in crystalline bedrock: Swedish National Board for Spent Nuclear Fuel, Statens Karnbransle Namnd, SKN Report 52, p. 22.

Herzberg, O., and Mazor, E., 1979, Hydrological applications of noble gases and temperature measurements in underground water systems: Examples from Israel. Jour. Hydrol., v. 41, 217-231.

Kennedy, B.M., Hiyagon, H., and Reynolds, J.H., 1990. Crustal neon: a striking uniformity. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 98, 277-286.

King, L. G., Mathematical model for underground discharge of radioactive gases, Battelle Northwest Lab. Report 945, 55 pp., 1968.

Krause, D., Jr., and Benson, B.B., 1989, The solubility and isotopic fractionation of gases in dilute aqueous solution. IIa. Solubilities of the Noble gases. Jour. Solution Chem., v. 18, 823-873.

Lal, D., 1987, Production of 3He in terrestrial rocks. Chem. Geol., v. 66, 89-98.

Lollar, B.S., Frape, S.K., and Weise, S.M., 1994, New sampling devices for environmental characterization of groundwater and dissolved gas chemistry (CH4, N2, He). Environmental Science & Technology, v. 28, p. 2423-2427.

Loosli, H.H., and H. Oeschger. 1978. Argon-39, carbon-14 and krypton-85 measurements in groundwater samples. In Isotope Hydrology 1978, pp. 931-945. Vienna, Austria: International Atomic Energy Agency.

Loosli, H.H., Lehmann, B.E., and Balderer, W., 1989, Argon-39, argon-37 and krypton-85 isotopes in Stripa groundwaters. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 53, 1825-1829.

Lupton, J.E., 1983, Terrestrial inert gases: Isotope tracer studies and clues to primordial components in the mantle: Annual Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., v. 11, p. 371-414.

Marrero, T.R., and Mason, E.A., 1972, Gaseous diffusion coefficients. Jour. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, v. 1, 3-118.

Marty, B., Torgersen, T., Meynier, V., O'Nions, R.K., and DeMarsily, G., 1993, Helium isotope fluxes and groundwater ages in the Dogger Aquifer, Paris Basin: Water Resources Res., v. 29, no. 4 p. 1025-1035.

Mazor, E., 1972, Paleotemperatures and other hydrological parameters deduced from noble gases dissolved in groundwaters: Jordan Rift Valley, Isreal: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 36, p. 1321-1336.

Mazor, E., 1975. Atmospheric and radiogenic noble gases in thermal waters: their potential application to prospecting and steam production studies. Proceedings 2nd UN Symposium on the Development and Use of Geothermal Resources, San Francisco, pp 793-802.

Mazor, E., 1989. Helium as a semi-quantitative tool for groundwater dating in the range of 104- 108 years. In "isotopes of Noble Gases as Tracers in Environmental Studies," IAEA, Vienna, pp. 163-178.

Mazor, E., 1977, Geothermal tracing with atmospheric and radiogenic noble gases. Geothermics, v. 5, 21-36.

Mazor, E., and Bosch, A., 1987, Noble gases in formation fluids from deep sedimentary basins: a review. Applied Geochem., v. 2, 621-627.

Mazor, E., and Verhagen, B. Th., 1983, Dissolved ions, stable isotopes and noble gases in thermal waters of South Africa: Journal of Hydrology, v. 63, p. 315-329.

Mazor, E., and Verhagen, B. Th., 1984, Dissolved ions, stable isotopes and noble gases in thermal waters of South Africa--reply: Journal of Hydrology, v. 72, p. 201-203.

Osenbruck, K., Lippman, J., and Sonntag, C., 1998. Dating very old pore waters in impermeable rocks by noble gas isotopes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 62:3041-3045.

Ozima, M., and Podosek, F.A., 1983, "Noble Gas Geochemistry". Cambridge University Press, New York, 367p.

Roedder, Edwin, 1972, Composition of fluid inclusions: in Data of geochemistry (6th ed.), Fleischer, Michael ed., U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 440-JJ, 164 p.

Sanford, W.E., Shropshire, R.G., and Solomon, D.K., 1996, Dissolved gas tracers in groundwater: Simplified injection, sampling, and analysis. Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 6, p. 1635-1642, 1996.

Solomon, D.K., Hunt, A., and Poreda, R.J., 1996, Source of radiogenic helium 4 in shallow aquifers: Implications for dating young groundwater. Water Resources Research, v. 32, no. 6, p. 1805-1813.

Stute, M., and Deak, J., 1989, Environmental isotope study (14C, 13C, 18O, D, Noble gases) on deep groundwater circulation systems in Hungary with reference to paleoclimate: Radiocarbon, v. 31, no. 3, p. 902-918.

Stute, M., and Schlosser, P., 1993, Principles and applications of the Noble gas paleothermometer: in Climate Change in Continental Isotopic Recors, P.K. Smart, K.C. Lohmann, J. McKenzie and S. Savin, Eds., Geophysical Monograph No. 78, Amer. Geophys. Union, Wash,. D.C., p. 89-100.

Stute, M., Forster, M., Frischkorn, H., Serejo, A., Clark, J.F., Schlosser, P., Broecker, W.S., and Bonani, G., 1995, Cooling of tropical Brazil (5°C) during the last glacial maximum. Science, v. 269, 379-383.

Stute, M., Schlosser, P., Clark, J.F., and Broecker, W.S., 1992, Paleotemperatures in the southwestern United States derived from noble gases in ground water. Science, v. 256, 1000-1003.

Stute, M., and Sonntag, C., 1992. Paleotemperatures derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater and in relation to soil temperature. In "Isotopes of Noble Gases as Tracers in Environmental Studies," IAEA, Vienna, pp. 111-122.

Stute, M., Clark, J.F., Schlosser, P., Broecker, W.S., Bonani, G., 1995a. A 30,000 yr continental paleotemperature record derived from noble gases dissolved in groundwater from An Juan Basin New Mexico. Quat. Res., 43: 209-220.

Stute, M., Sonntag, C., Deak, J., and Schlosser, P., 1992, Helium in deep circulating groundwater in the Great Hungarian Plain: Flow dynamics and crustal and mantle helium fluxes. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 56, 2051-2067.

Suckow, A., and Sonntag, C., 1993, The influence of salt on the noble gas thermometer. IAEA-SM-329/94, p. 307-318.

Sugisaki, R., 1961, Measurement of effective flow velocity of ground water by means of dissolved gases. Amer. J. Sci., 259, 144-153.

Taylor, W.L., 1996, Thermal diffusion factors of polyatomic gas mixtures: He-, Ne-, Ar-N-2, Ne-20-CH4, and isotopic sulfur hexafluoride. Journal of Chemical Physics, v. 105(18), 8333-8339.

Torgersen, T., 1989, Terrestrial helium degassing fluxes and the atmospheric helium budget: Implications with respect to the degassing processes of continental crust: Chem. Geol., v. 79, p. 1-14.

Torgersen, T., and Clarke, W.B., 1985, Helium accumulation in groundwater. I. An evaluation of sources and the continental flux of crustal 4He in the Great Basin, Australia. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 49, 1211-1215.

Torgersen, T., and Clarke, W.B., 1987, Helium accumulation in groundwater. III. Limits on helium transfer across the mantle-crust boundary beneath Australia and the magnitude of mantle degassing. Earth and Planetary Sci. Letters, 84, 345-355.

Torgersen, T., and Ivey, G.N., 1985, Helium accumulation in groundwater. II. A model for the accumulation of the crustal 4He degassing flux. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 49, 2445-2452.

Torgersen, T., and Phillips, F.M., 1993, Reply: Water Resources Res., v. 29, no. 6, p. 1875-1877.

Torgersen, T., Kennedy, B.M., Hiyagon, H., Chiou, K.Y., Reynolds, J.H., and Clarke, W.B., 1989, Argon accumulation and the crustal degassing flux of 40Ar in the Great Artesian Basin, Australia. Earth and Planetary Sci. Letters, 92, 43-56.

Vogel, J.C., Talma, A.S., and Heaton, T.H.E., 1981, Gaseous nitrogen as evidence for denitrification in groundwater. Jour. Hydrol., v. 50, 191-200.

Weiss, R. F., 1970, The solubility of nitrogen, oxygen, and argon in water and seawater, Deep-Sea Res., 17, 721-735.

Weiss, R.F., and Price, B.A., 1980, Nitrous oxide solubility in water and seawater. Marine Chem., 8, 347-359.

Wetherill, G.W., 1954. Variations in the isotopic abundances of neon and argon extracted from radioactive minerals. Phys. Rev., 96:679-683.

White, A.F., Peterson, M.L., and Solbau, R.D., 1990, Measurement and interpretation of low levels of dissolved oxygen in ground water. Ground Water, 28, 584-590.

Wilhelm, E., Battino, R., and Wilcock, R. J., 1977, Low-pressure solubility of gases in liquid water, Chem. Rev., 77, 219-262.

Wilson, G.B., Andrews, J.N., and Bath, A.H., 1990, Dissolved gas evidence for denitrification in the Lincolnshire Limestone groundwaters, eastern England. Jour. Hydrol., v. 113, 51-60.

Wilson, G.B., and McNeill, G.W., 1997, Noble gas recharge temperatures and excess air component. Applied Geochem., 12, 747-762.

Yatsovich, I., and Honda, M., 1997. Production of nucleogenic neon in earth from natural radioactive decay. J. Geophys. Res., B102, 5,10291-5,10298.

Zaikowski, A., Kosanke, B.J., and Hubbard, N., 1987, Noble gas composition of deep brines from the Palo Duro Basin, Texas. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, v. 51, 73-84.

Zartman, R.E., Wasserburg, G.J., and Reynolds, J.H., 1961, Helium, argon, and carbon in some natural gases, Jour. Geophys. Res., 66, 277-306.