USGS Groundwater Information
New & Noteworthy
USGS in Your State
USGS Water Science Centers are located in each state.
SEAWAT > Reports and Articles
SEAWAT: A Computer Program for Simulation of Three-Dimensional Variable-Density Ground-Water Flow
Published Reports and Articles using the SEAWAT code
Al-Maktoumi, A., Lockington, D.A., and Volker, R.E., in press, SEAWAT 2000: modelling unstable flow and sensitivity to discretization levels and numerical schemes: Hydrogeology Journal 15, no. 6: 1119-1129.
Bakker, M., Oude Essink, G.H.P., and Langevin, C.D., 2004, The rotating movement of three immiscible fluids - a benchmark problem. Journal of Hydrology 287, 270-278.
Bakker, M., 2003, A Dupuit formulation for modeling seawater intrusion in regional aquifer systems: Water Resources Research 39, no. 5, 1131
Bauer, P., Held, R.J., Zimmermann, S., Linn, F., and W. Kinzelbach, 2006, Coupled flow and salinity transport modelling in semi-arid environments: The Shashe River Valley, Botswana: Journal of Hydrology 316, no. 1-4: 163-183
Bauer-Gottwein, P., Langer, T., Prommer, H., Wolski, P., and Kinzelbach, W., 2007. Okavango Delta Islands: Interaction between density-driven flow and geochemical reactions under evapo-concentration: Journal of Hydrology 335, no. 3-4: 389-405.
Bauer-Gottwein, P., Rasmussen, N.F., Feificova, D., and Trapp, S., 2008. Phototoxicity of salt and plant salt uptake: Modeling ecohydrological feedback mechanisms: Water Resources Research 44, no. 4, Article number W04418.
Brovelli, A., Mao, X., and Barry, D.A., 2007, Numerical modeling of tidal influence on density-dependent contaminant transport, Water Resources Research vol. 43, W10426, doi:10.1029/2006WR005173.
Dausman, A.M. and Langevin, C.D. 2005. Movement of the saltwater interface in the Surficial Aquifer System in response to hydrologic stresses and water-management practices, Broward County, Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5256.
Don, N.C., Hang, N.T.M., Araki, H., Yamanishi, H., Koga, K., 2006. Salinization processes in an alluvial coastal lowland plain and effect of sea water level rise. Environmental Geology vol. 49, no. 5.
Don, N.C., Araki, H., Yamanishi, H., Koga, K., 2005. Simulation of groundwater flow and environmental effects resulting from pumping. Environmental Geology vol. 47, no. 3.
Don, N.C., Araki, H., Hang, N.T.M., Yamanishi, H., Koga, K., 2006. Modeling groundwater flow and its associated environmental problem in a lowland coastal plain: a first step towards a sustainable development plan. Environment, Development and Sustainability, online first, doi: 10.1007/s10668-006-9061-4.
Dreybolt, W., and Romanov, D., 2007, Time scales in the evolution of solution porosity in porous coastal carbonate aquifers by mixing corrosion in the saltwater-freshwater transition zone: Acta Carsologica 36, no. 1: 25-34.
Goswami, R.R., and Clement, T.P., 2007, Laboratory-scale investigation of saltwater intrusion dynamics: Water Resources Research 43, W04418, doi:10.1029/2006WR005151.
Kanel, S.R., Goswami, R.R., Clement, T.P., Barnett, M.O., Zhao, D., 2008, Two dimensional transport characteristics of surface stabilized zero-valent iron nanoparticles in porous media: Envrionmental Science & Technology 42, no. 3: 896-900.
Langevin, C.D., 2001, Simulation of Ground-Water Discharge to Biscayne Bay, Southeastern Florida: USGS WRIR 00-4251
Langevin, C.D. 2003, Simulation of submarine ground water discharge to a marine estuary: Biscayne Bay, Florida.: Ground Water 41, no. 6: 758-771. (pdf file - 0.5mb)
Langevin, C.D., 2008, Modeling axisymmetric flow and transport: Ground Water 46, no. 4: 579-590.
Langevin, C.D., Oude Essink, G.H.P., Panday, S., Bakker, M., Prommer, H., Swain, E.D., Jones, W., Beach, M., and M. Barcelo, 2004. Chapter 3, MODFLOW-based tools for simulation of variable-density groundwater flow: in Coastal Aquifer Management: Monitoring, Modeling, and Case Studies, (eds.) A. Cheng and D. Ouazar, Lewis Publishers, p. 49-76.
Langevin, Christian D., Swain, Eric D., and Wolfert, Melinda A., 2004, Simulation of Integrated Surface-Water/Ground-Water Flow and Salinity for a Coastal Wetland and Adjacent Estuary: USGS OFR 2004-1097, 30 p.
Langevin, C.D., Swain, E.D., and Wolfert, M.A. 2005. Simulation of integrated surface-water/ground-water flow and salinity for a coastal wetland and adjacent estuary: Journal of Hydrology 314, no, 1-4: 212-234.
Langevin, C.D., and Guo, W., 2006. MODFLOW/MT3DMS-based simulation of variable density ground water flow and transport: Ground Water vol. 44, no. 3:339-351.
Lin, J., Zheng, C., Wu, J., and Chien, C.C., 2007. Ground water simulation optimization model based on genetic algorithm under variable density conditions: Shuili Xuebao/Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 38, no. 10: 1236-1244.
Maliva, R.G., Guo, W., Missimer, T.M., 2007. Vertical migration of municipal wastewater in deep injection well systems, South Florida, USA: Hydrogeology Journal 15, no. 7: 1387-1396.
Maliva, R.G., Guo, W., Missimer, T.M., 2006. Aquifer storage and recovery: Recent hydrogeological advances and system performance: Water Environment Research v. 78, no. 13, p. 2428-2435.
Mao, X., Prommer, H., Barry, D.A., Langevin, C.D., Panteleit, B., and Li, L., 2006. Three-dimensional model for multi-component reactive transport with variable density groundwater flow: Environmental Modelling & Software, vol. 21, 5: 615-628.
Mao, X., Enot, P., Barry, D.A., Li, L., Binley, A., Jeng, D.-S., 2006. Tidal influence on behaviour of a coastal aquifer adjacent to a low-relief estuary. Journal of Hydrology, vol. 327. no. 1-2. p. 110-127.
Masterson, J.P., and Garabedian, S.P., 2007, Effects of sea-level rise on ground-water flow in a coastal aquifer system: Ground Water, v. 45, no. 2, 209-217, pp.
Masterson, John P., Simulated Interaction Between Freshwater and Saltwater and Effects of Ground-Water Pumping and Sea-Level Change, Lower Cape Cod Aquifer System, Massachusetts: USGS SIR 2004-5014, 78 p.
Mulligan, A.E., Evans, R.L., and Lizarralde, D., 2007, The role of paleochannels in groundwater/seawater exchange: Journal of Hydrology 335, no. 3-4. p. 313-329.
Nassar, M.K.K., El-Damak, R.M., and Ghanem, A.H.M., 2008. Impact of desalination plants brine injection wells on coastal aquifers: Environmental Geology 54, no. 3. p. 445-454.
Post, V.E.A., and Prommer, H., 2007. Multicomponent reactive transport simulation of the Elder problem: Effects of chemical reactions on salt plume development: Water Resources Research Volume 43, no. 10, Article number W10404.
Qahman, K., Larabi, A., 2006. Evaluation and numerical modeling of seawater intrusion in the Gaza aquifer (Palestine). Hydrogeology Journal, vol. 14, no. 5. p. 713-728.
Rao S V N (2007) Optimal locations of skimming wells. Hydrological sciences Journal, 52(2), 352-361.
Rao, S V N., Sudhir Kumar, Shashank Shekher and S K Sinha, in press, Optimal operation of skimming wells – A case study in river Yamuna flood plain at Palla in north India (published online DOI: 10.1007/s 10040-007-0173-1, Hydrogeology Journal, Springer)
Rao, S V N., Sudhir Kumar, Shashank Shekher and D Chakravorty, 2006. Optimal pumping from skimming wells. ASCE J. of Hydrologic Engineering, Vol. 11, 5, 464-471.
Rao, S V N. (2006) A computationally efficient technique for source identification problems in 3D aquifers using ANN and simulated annealing Environmental Forensics Journal, Vol. 7, 3, 233-240.
Rao, S. V. N. , Bhallamudi, S. M., Thandaveswara, B. S. , Sreenivasulu, V., 2005, Planning groundwater development in coastal deltas with paleo channels: Water Resources Management 19, no. 5:625 - 639
Rao, S.V.N., Sreenivasulu, V., Bhallamudi, S.M., Thandaveswara, B.S., and Sudheer, K.P., 2004, Planning groundwater development in coastal aquifers: Hydrological Sciences Journal 49, no. 1:155-170
Robinson, C., L. Li and D. A. Barry, 2006. Effect of tidal forcing on a subterranean estuay; Advances in Water Resources 30, no. 4: 851-865.
Robinson, C., Gibbes, B., and Li, L., 2006. Driving mechanisms for groundwwater flow and salt transport in a subterranean estuary. Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 33, L03402, doi:10.1029/2005GL025247, 2006.
Romanov, D., Dreybrodt, W., 2006. Evolution of porosity in the saltwater–freshwater mixing zone of coastal carbonate aquifers: An alternative modelling approach. Journal of Hydrology, vol. 329, p. 661-673.
Schneider, J.C. and Kruse, S.E., 2003, A comparison of controls on freshwater lens morphology of small carbonate and siliciclastic islands: examples from barrier islands in Florida, USA: Journal of Hydrology, vol 284, p. 253-269
Schneider, J.C. and Kruse, S.E., 2006, Assessing selected natural and anthropogenic impacts on freshwater lens morphology on small barrier Islands: Dog Island and St. George Island, Florida, USA, Hydrogeology Journal, vol. 14, no. 1 - 2: 131 - 145.
Shoemaker, W.B., 2004, Important Observations and Parameters for a Salt Water Intrusion Model: Ground Water, v.42, no.6, p. 829-840.
Shoemaker, W. Barclay and Edwards, K. Michelle, 2003, Potential for Saltwater Intrusion into the Lower Tamiami Aquifer near Bonita Springs, Southwestern Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4262, 74 p.
Simpson, M.J. 2004. SEAWAT-2000: Variable-Density Flow Processes and Integrated MT3DMS Transport processes. Ground Water 42, no. 5: 642-645.
Thorne, D., Langevin, C.D., and Sukop, M.C., 2006. Addition of simultaneous heat and solute transport and variable fluid viscosity to SEAWAT: Computer and Geosciences vol. 32, 1758-1768.
Yager, R.M., Kappel, W.M., Plummer, L.N., 2007. Origin of halite brine in the Onondaga Trough near Syracuse, New York State, USA: modeling geochemistry and variable-density flow: Hydrogeology Journal 15, no. 7: 1321-1339.
Zimmermann, S., Bauer, P., Held, R., Kinzelbach, W., and Walthe, J.H., 2006, Salt transport on islands in the Okavango Delta: Numerical investigations: Advances in Water Resources, vol. 29, no. 1: 11-29
Note: Some or all of this information is presented in Portable Document Format (PDF); the latest version of Adobe Reader or similar software is required to view it. Download the latest version of the free Adobe Reader from the Adobe web site. Visit http://www.adobe.com/accessibility/ for free tools that allow visually impaired users to read PDF files.