Year Established: 2019 Start Date: 2019-06-01 End Date: 2020-05-31
Total Federal Funds: $13,899 Total Non-Federal Funds: $27,798
Principal Investigators: Dr. Ellen M. Bruno
Abstract: Agricultural groundwater reductions will be critical to reaching groundwater sustainability in California and abroad. However, too much land fallowing will be harmful to the farm economy and could threaten Californiaâ€™s stature as the nationâ€™s leading agricultural state. This paper considers the impacts of water scarcity on land use to better understand how groundwater regulation in California will drive land out of production. We will first develop a theoretical framework to investigate the impact of groundwater policies on land use. Then, with spatial data of groundwater extraction, prices and land use at the farm-level, we will estimate the impact of water prices on irrigated acreage. The goal of this research is to understand how groundwater overdraft, and regulations to correct overdraft will impact agriculture. By improving our understanding of the drivers of land use, these results will have implications for water management agencies.