Water Resources Research Act Program

Details for Project ID 2018ND343B

Application of Green Iron Nanoparticles Synthesized Using Barley and other Plant-borne Polyphenols to Combat Lake Eutrophication

Institute: North Dakota
Year Established: 2018 Start Date: 2018-03-01 End Date: 2019-02-28
Total Federal Funds: $6,650 Total Non-Federal Funds: $13,300

Principal Investigators: Achintya Bezbaruah

Abstract: Iron nanoparticles (Fe-NPs) are typically synthesized using sodium borohydride as the reducing agent. However, the process is not environment friendly. The recent trend is to use green synthesis methods. In this projects, polyphenols extracted from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), the oldest domesticated grain cultivated in North Dakota, will be used for synthesizing Fe-NPs. The main objectives of the project are to elucidate mechanisms involved polyphenol-Fe-NPs synthesis through advanced characterization and to assess the efficacy of produced Fe-NPs for aqueous phosphate and nitrate removal under different environmental conditions. The expected results of the project include: (1) elucidation of mechanisms of aqueous phosphate and nitrate removal by polyphenol-Fe-NPs. (2) understanding the mechanism of phosphate and nitrate removal by plant-based Fe-NPs through advanced characterization, and (3) assessment the efficacy of ND crop-borne polyphenol-based Fe-NPs for phosphate removal.