Water Resources Research Act Program

Details for Project ID 2014GU273B

Develop a GIS Model for Analysis of Groundwater Quality Data in Saipan

Institute: Guam
Year Established: 2014 Start Date: 2014-03-01 End Date: 2015-02-28
Total Federal Funds: $22,119 Total Non-Federal Funds: Not available

Principal Investigators: Yuming Wen, Brian Bearden

Abstract: Water quantity and quality is essential to sustainable development and quality of life in tropical islands. The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), composed of a chain of 14 tropical islands in the western pacific, is facing problems with water resources and quality. The water quantity and quality is affected not only by natural forces such as tropical storms/typhoons, droughts, climate change and sea level rise, but also by anthropogenic activities. Human activities have contributed a lot to the increase of pollutants into water bodies. The increase of impervious surfaces is related to human induced activities, affects water quantity in CNMI due to aquifer recharge and degrades the quality of water including drinking water. The US Census data of 2000 and 2010 indicate that most of population (about 90% for both census years) lived on Saipan. Therefore, environmental concerns, and water quantity and quality issues should be paid specific attention on Saipan. In order to improve water quality and protect the environment in the inhabited islands, it is important to evaluate water quality of the aquifers in Saipan, locate drinking wells with quality deficiency, and monitor trends of water quality from drinking water wells. Model the fate and transport of contaminants such as nitrate, phosphate and chlorides, organic compounds, and thallium containing compounds through CNMIs aquifers was identified as one of the critical research needs for CNMI at the CNMI Research Advisory Meeting of October 17, 2013. In response to the critical need, water quality data from drinking water wells in Saipan will be used to analyze the groundwater quality geographically and over time. CNMI should meet the US EPA requirements for drinking water quality, and make sure that the contaminant levels should not exceed the maximum contaminant levels (MCL) set by US EPA. In order to evaluate the contaminant levels from drinking water wells, the state of the art technology geographic information systems (GIS) will be applied to conduct spatio-temporal analysis of groundwater quality data from the drinking wells. The water quality data need to be processed to the format which can be linked to GIS data for further processing and analysis. Groundwater quality data from each drinking well need to be linked to shapefiles. A GIS-based model will be established to visualize and analyze the groundwater quality data geographically and over time. The main objectives of this project are listed as follows: 1. Processing groundwater quality data in a way so that they can be further processed and linked to a GIS format; 2. Analyzing groundwater quality data geographically and over time; 3. Identifying drinking water wells that have deficient water quality or that may develop deficient water quality. 4. Establishing a GIS-based model for visualization of groundwater quality data, and analysis of groundwater quality geographically and over time.