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Water Resources of the United States

USGS Water Resources Research: Recent Climate Change Publications Addressing Water Availability Issues

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Clow, D.W., 2010, Changes in the Timing of Snowmelt and Streamflow in Colorado: A Response to Recent Warming: Journal of Climate, v. 23, no. 9, p. 2293-2306.

Gray, S.T., and McCabe, G.J., 2010, A combined water balance and tree-ring approach to understanding the potential hydrologic effects of climate change in the Central Rocky Mountain Region: Water Resources Research, v. 46, W05513 doi:10.1029/2008WR007650

Hay, L.E., and McCabe, G.J., 2010, Hydrologic Effects of Climate Change on the Yukon River Basin: Climatic Change, v. 100, no. 3-4, p. 509-523. (1.1 MB, published by Springer with U.S. Government copyright)

Maurer, E.P., Hidalgo, H.G., Das, T., Dettinger, M.D., and Cayan, D.R., 2010, Assessing climate change impacts on daily streamflow in California - The utility of daily large-scale climate data: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, v. 7, no. 1, p. 1209-1243. (2114 KB, this work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.)

McCabe, G.J., and Wolock, D.M., 2010, Long-term variability in Northern Hemisphere snow cover and associations with warmer winters: Climatic Change, v. 99, no. 1-2, p. 141-153.

Risley, J.C., Constantz, J., Essaid, H., and Rounds, S., 2010, Effects of upstream dams versus groundwater pumping on stream temperature under varying climate conditions: : Water Resources Research, v. 46, W06517, doi:10.1029/2009WR008587 (2.2 MB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Schuster, P.F., and Maracle, K.B., 2010, Studies of Climate Change in the Yukon River Basin: Connecting Community and Science Through a Unique Partnership: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2010-3020. (4.3 MB)


Brabets, T.P., and Walvoord, M.A., 2009, Trends in streamflow in the Yukon River Basin from 1944 to 2005 and the influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation: Journal of Hydrology, v. 371, no. 1-4, p. 108-119.

Brekke, L.D., Kiang, J.E., Olsen, J.R., Pulwarty, R.S., Raff, D.A., Turnipseed, D.P., Webb, R.S., and White, K.D., 2009, Climate change and water resources management—A federal perspective: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1331, 65 p. (8.77 MB)

Brekke, L.D., Maurer, E.P., Anderson, J., Dettinger, M.D., Townsley, E.S., Harrison, A., and Pruitt, T., 2009, Assessing reservoir operations risk under climate change: Water Resources Research, W04411, doi:10.1029/2008WR006941.

Cayan, D., Tyree, M., Dettinger, M., Hidalgo, H., Das, T., Maurer, E., Bromirski, P., Graham, N., and Flick, R., 2009, Climate change scenarios and sea level rise estimates for California 2009 Climate Change Scenarios Assessment: California Energy Commission Report CEC-500-2009-014-D, 50 p. (1851 KB)

Hidalgo, H.G., Das, T., Dettinger, M.D., Cayan, D.R., Pierce, D.W., Barnett, T.P., Bala, G., Mirin, A., Wood, A.W., Bonfils, C., Santer, B.D., and Nozawa, T., 2009, Detection and attribution of streamflow timing changes to climate change in the Western United States: Journal of Climate, v. 22, no. 13, p. 3838-3855.

Hostetler, S.W., 2009, Use of models and observations to assess trends in the 950–2005 water balance and climate of Upper Klamath Lake, Oregon: Water Resources Research, 45:W12409, doi:10.1029/2008WR007295. (884 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Huntington, T.G., Richardson, A.D., McGuire, K.J., and Hayhoe, K., 2009, Climate and hydrological changes in the northeastern United States: recent trends and implications for forested and aquatic ecosystems: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v. 39, no. 2, p.199-212.

Koutsoyiannis, D., Montanari, A., Lins, H.F., and Cohn, T.A., 2009, DISCUSSION of "The implications of projected climate change for freshwater resources and their management": Climate, hydrology and freshwater: Towards an interactive incorporation of hydrological experience into climate research: Hydrological Sciences Journal, v. 54, no. 2, p. 394-405.

Lettenmaier, D. P., Aizen, V., Amani, A., Bohn, T., Giorgi, F., Harrison, S., Huntington, T. G., Lawford, R., Letitre, P., Lins, H., Magomi, J., Park, G-K., Severskiy, I., Shuttleworth, W. J., Singh, P., Sorooshian, S., Struckmeier,W., Takeuchi, K., Tallaksen, L., Vörösmarty, C,, Tandorig Yan and Zhang, T., 2009, Changes in the global water cycle, Chapter 11 in World Water Assessment Programme, 2009, The United Nations World Water Development Report 3: Water in a Changing World. Paris: UNESCO, and London: Earthscan. p.181-225.

Lundquist, J.D., Dettinger, M., Stewart, I., and Cayan, D., 2009, Variability and trends in spring runoff in the western United States, in Wagner, F. ed., Climate warming in western North America/Evidence and environmental effects: University of Utah Press, p. 63-76,

Markstrom, S.L., and Hay, L.E, 2009, Integrated watershed scale response to climate change for selected basins across the United States: Water Resources Impact, v. 11, no. 2, p. 8-10.

Nelson, K.C., Palmer, M.A., Pizzuto, J.E., Moglen, G.E., Angermeier, P.L., Hilderbrand, R.H., Dettinger, M., Hayhoe, K., 2009, Forecasting the combined effects of urbanization and climate change on stream ecosystems: From impacts to management options: Journal of Applied Ecology, v. 46, no. 1, p. 154 - 163. (700 KB, published by Wiley Interscience with "online open" access.)

Walker, J.F., Hunt, R.J., Markstrom, S.L., Hay, L.E., and Doherty, J., 2009, Using a Coupled Groundwater/Surface-Water Model to Predict Climate-Change Impacts to Lakes in the Trout Lake Watershed, Northern Wisconsin, in Webb, R.M.T., and Semmens, D.J., eds, Proceedings of the Third Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds: Planning for an Uncertain Future: Monitoring, Integration, and Adaptation: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5049, p. 155-161.


Anslow, F.S., Hostetler, S., Bidlake, W.R., and Clark, P.U., 2008, Distributed energy balance modeling of South Cascade Glacier, Washington and assessment of model uncertainty: Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 113, doi:10.1029/2007JF000850.

Barnett, T.P., Pierce, D.W., Hidalgo, H.G., Bonfils, C., Santer, B.D., Das, T., Bala, G., Wood, A.W., Nozawa, T., Mirin, A.A., Cayan, D.R., Dettinger, M.D., 2008, Human-Induced Changes in the Hydrology of the Western United States: Science, v. 316, p. 1080-1083. (pdf format, 685 KB)

Brekke, L.D., Dettinger, M.D., Maurer, E.P., and Anderson, M., 2008, Significance of model credibility in projection distributions for regional hydroclimatological impacts of climate change: Climatic Change, v. 89, p. 371-394, doi:10.1007/s10584-007-9388-3.

Cayan, D.R., Bromirski, P.D., Hayhoe, K., Tyree, M., Dettinger, M.D., and Flick, R.E., 2008, Climate change projections of sea level extremes along the California coast: Climatic Change, v. 87 (Suppl. 1), p. S57-S73.

Cayan, D.R., Maurer, E.P., Dettinger, M.D., Tyree, M., and Hayhoe, K., 2008, Climate change scenarios for the California region: Climatic Change, v. 87 (Suppl. 1), p. S21-S42.

Earman, S., and Dettinger, M., 2008, Monitoring networks for long-term recharge change in the mountains of California and Nevada--A meeting report: California Energy Commission PIER Energy-Related Environmental Research Report CEC-500-2008-006, 32 p. (203 KB)

Hay, L.E., and McCabe, G.J., 2008. Hydrologic effects of climate change in the Yukon River Basin: Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2008, Amercian Society of Civil Engineers.

Hunt, R.J., Walker, J.F., and Doherty, J., 2008, Using GSFLOW to simulate climate change in a northern temperate climate, in MODFLOW and More 2008: Ground water and public policy, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference of the International Ground Water Modeling Center. Golden, CO: Colorado School of Mines, p. 109-113.

Mantua, N., Dettinger, M., Pagano, T., Wood, A., Redmond, K., and Restrepo, P., 2008, A description and evaluation of hydrologic and climate forecast and data products that support decision-making for water resources managers, in Beller-Simms, N., Ingram, H., Feldman, D., Mantua, N., Jacobs, K., and Waples, A., Decision-support experiments and evaluations using seasonal to interannual forecasts and observational data—A focus on water resources : A report by the US Climate Change Science Program (Synthesis and Assessment Product 5.3) and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, chapter 2, p. 29-64. (2421 KB; also report Appendices A and B)

McCabe, G.J., Betancourt, J.L., Gray, S.T., Palecky, M. A., Hidalgo, H.G., 2008, Associations of multi-decadal sea-surface temperature variability with U.S. drought: Quaternary International, v. 188, p. 31-40. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2007.07.001.

McCabe, G.J., and Wolock, D.M., 2008, Joint Variability of Global Runoff and Global Sea-Surface Temperatures: Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 9, p. 816-824. (1.44 MB, published by the American Meterological Society as a U.S. government work in the public domain)

McCabe, G.J., and Wolock, D.M., 2008. Warming and impications for water supply in the Colorado River Basin: Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Congress 2008 , Amercian Society of Civil Engineers.

Milly, P.C.D., Betancourt, J., Falkenmark, M., Hirsch, R.M., Kundzewicz, Z.W., Lettenmaier, D.P., and Stouffer, R.J., 2008, Stationarity is dead: Whither water management?: Science, v. 319, no. 5863, p. 573-574. (pdf format)

Neiman, P.J., Ralph, F.M., Wick, G.A., Lundquist, J.D., and Dettinger, M.D., 2008, Meteorological characteristics and overland precipitation impacts of atmospheric rivers affecting the West Coast of North America based on eight years of SSM/I satellite observations: Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 9, no. 1, p. 22-47.

Peterson, D.H., Stewart, I., and Murphy, F., 2008, Principal hydrologic responses to climatic and geologic variability in the Sierra Nevada, California: San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, v. 6, issue 1 (February), article 3, 21 p. (5955 KB - "San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science" is an open access, peer-reviewed journal)


Bidlake, William R., Edward G. Josberger, and Mark E. Savoca, 2007, Water, Ice, and Meteorological Measurements at South Cascade Glacier, Washington, Balance Years 2004 and 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5055, 70 p. (pdf format, 5.7 MB)

Cunningham, W.L., Geiger, L.H., and Karavitis, G.A., 2007, U.S. Geological Survey Ground-Water Climate Response Network: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3003. (pdf format, 723 KB; or obtain a high resolution pdf file, 4.6 MB)

Dettinger, M.D., and Earman, S., 2007, Western ground water and climate change - Pivotal to supply sustainability or vulnerable in its own right?: Ground Water News and Views, Association of Ground Water Scientists and Engineers Newsletter, v. 4, no. 1, p. 4-5. (pdf format)

Hayhoe, K., Wake, C.P., Huntington, T.G., Luo, L., Schwartz, M.D., Sheffield, J., Wood, E., BAnderson, B., Bradbury, J., DeGaetano, A., Troy T.J., and David Wolfe, D., 2007, Past and future changes in climate and hydrological indicators in the US Northeast: Climate Dynamics, v. 28, no. 4. p. 381-407. DOI 10.1007/s00382-006-0187-8

Hodgkins, G.A., Dudley, R.W., and Aichele, S.S., 2007, Historical Changes in Precipitation and Streamflow in the U.S. Great Lakes Basin, 1915-2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5118, 31 p. (pdf format, 18.5 MB)

Knowles, N., Dettinger, M., and Cayan, D., 2007, Trends in Snowfall Versus Rainfall for the Western United States, 1949-2001: California Energy Commission CEC-500-2007-032, 39 p. (880 KB)

Maurer, E.P., Stewart, I.T., Bonfils, C., Duffy, P.B., and Cayan, D.R., 2007: Detection, attribution, and sensitivity of trends toward earlier streamflow in the Sierra Nevada: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, D11118, doi:10.1029/2006JD008088.

McCabe, G.J., Betancourt, J.L., and Hidalgo, H.G., 2007, Associations of decadal to multidecadal sea-surface temperature variability with upper Colorado River flow: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 43, no. 1, p. 183?192. doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.2007.00015.x

McCabe, G.J., Clark, M.P. and Hay, L.E., 2007,. Rain-on-snow events in the western United States: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, v. 88, no. 3, p. 319-328. (pdf format, 3.41 MB, published by the American Meteorological Society with open access)

McCabe, G.J., and Wolock, D.M., 2007, Warming may create substantial water supply shortages in the Colorado River basin: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 34, L22708, doi:10.1029/2007GL031764. (pdf format, 182 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)


Hay, L.E. , Leavesley, G.H., Clark, M.P., Markstrom, S.L., Viger, R.J., and Umemoto, M., 2006, Step-wise, multiple-objective calibration of a hydrologic model for a snowmelt-dominated basin: Journal of American Water Resources, v. 42, no. 4, p. 877-890.

Hodgkins, G.A., and Dudley, R.W.,2006, Changes in the timing of winter-spring streamflows in eastern North America, 1913-2002: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 33, L06402, doi:10.1029/2005GL025593 (pdf format, 1322 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copytright)

Hodgkins, G.A. and Dudley, R.W., 2006, Changes in late-winter snowpack depth, water equilvalent, and density in Maine, 1926-2004: Hydrological Processes, v. 20, p. 741-751.
(pdf format, 702 KB, published by Wiley Inerscience as a U.S. Government work in the public domain)

Knowles, N., Dettinger, M.D., and Cayan, D.R., 2006, Trends in snowfall versus rainfall in the western United States: Journal of Climate, v. 18, p. 4,545-4,559.

McCabe, G.J., and Clark, M.P., 2006, Shifting covariability of North American summer monsoon precipitation with antecedent winter precipitation: International Journal of Climatology, v. 26, no. 8, p. 991-999.

Woodhouse, C.A., Gray, S.T., and Meko, D.M., 2006, Updated streamflow reconstructions for the upper Colorado River basin: Water Resources Research, v. 42, doi:10.1029/2005WR004455.


Cohn, T.A. and Lins, H.F., 2005, Nature's style: Naturally trendy, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L23402, doi:10.1029/2005GL024476.

Dettinger, M.D., 2005, Changes in streamflow timing in the western United States in recent decades: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005-3018. (pdf format, 739 KB)

Dudley, R.W., and Hodgkins, G.A., 2005, Trends in streamflow, river ice, and snowpack for coastal river basins in Maine during the 20th century: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2005-3001. (pdf format, 723 KB)

Dudley, R. W., Hodgkins, G. A., 2005, Trends in Timing, Magnitude, and Duration of Summer and Fall/Winter Streamflows for Unregulated Coastal River Basins in Maine During the 20th Century, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5021, 26 p. (pdf format, 1.4 MB)

Gibson, C.A., Meyer, J.L., Poff, N.L., Hay, L.E., and Georgakakos, A., 2005, Flow regime alterations under changing climate in two river basins: implications for freshwater ecosystems: River Research and Applications, v. 21, p. 849-864.

Hanson, R.T. and Dettinger, M.D., 2005, Ground-water/surface-water responses to global climate simulations, Santa Clara-Calleguas basin, Ventura County, California, 1950-93: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 43, p. 517-536.

Hodgkins, G.A., Dudley, R.W., and Huntington, T.G., 2005, Changes in the Number and Timing of Days of Ice-Affected Flow on Northern New England Rivers, 1930-2000: Climatic Change, v. 71, no. 3, p.319-340. (pdf file, 1664 KB, published by Climatic Change; the U.S. Government right to retain a non-exclusive royalty-free license in and to any copyright is acknowledged.)

Hodgkins, G.A., Dudley, R.W., Huntington, T.G. 2005, Summer low flows in New England during the 20th Century: Journal of the American Water Resources Association 41 (2), pp. 403-412.

Legates, D.R., Lins, H.F., and McCabe, G.J., 2005, Comments on "Evidence for global runoff increase related to climate warming" by Labat and others: Advances in Water Resouces, v 28, no. 12, p. 1310-1315.

Lins, H.F., 2005, Observed trends in hydrologic cycle components, in M.G. Anderson, ed., Encyclopedia of Hydrological Sciences, v. 5, part 17, sec. 197, J. Wiley & Sons, London, p. 3035-3044. (pdf format, 227 KB, a U.S. Government work in the public domain)

Lins, H.F. and Slack, J.R., 2005, Seasonal and regional characteristics of U.S. streamflow trends in the United States from 1940-1999: Physical Geography, 26, 489-501. (pdf format, 313 KB)

McCabe, G.J., and Clark, M.P., 2005, Trends and variability in snowmelt runoff in the western United States: Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 6, no. 4, p. 476-482.

Milly, P.C.D., Dunne, K.A., and Vecchia, A.V., 2005, Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate: Nature, v. 438, no. 7066, p. 347-350. (paper in pdf format)

Stewart, I., Cayan, D., and Dettinger, M.D., 2005, Changes towards earlier streamflow timing across western North America: Journal of Climate, v. 18, p. 1,136-1,155.

Webb, R.H., Hereford, Richard, and McCabe, G.J., 2005, Climatic fluctuations, drought, and flow in the Colorado River, in Gloss, S.P., Lovich, J.E., and Melis, T.S., eds., The State of the Colorado River Ecosystem in Grand Canyon: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1282, p. 59-69. (on-line article in pdf format)


Dettinger, M.D., Cayan, D.R., Meyer, M.K., and Jeton, A.E., 2004, Simulated hydrologic responses to climate variations and change in the Merced, Carson, and American River basins, Sierra Nevada, California, 1900-2099: Climatic Change, v. 62, no. 1, p. 283-317. (article in pdf format)

Dettinger, M.D., Redmond, K.T., and Cayan, D.R., 2004, Winter orographic-precipitation ratios in the Sierra Nevada - Large-scale atmospheric circulations and hydrologic consequences: Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 6, p. 1,102-1,116. (article, in pdf format)

Huntington, T.G., Hodgkins, G.A., Keim, B.D., Dudley, R.W., 2004, Changes in the proportion of precipitation occurring as snow in New England (1949-2000): Journal of Climate 17 (13), pp. 2626-2636

Knowles, N., and Cayan, D., 2004, Elevational dependence of projected hydrologic changes in the San Francisco Estuary and watershed: Climatic Change, v. 62, no. 1, p. 319-336. (report in pdf format)

Manabe, S., Wetherald, R.T., Milly, P.C.D., Delworth, T.L., and Stouffer, R.J., 2004: Century-scale change in water availability: CO2-quadrupling experiment. Climatic Change, 64(1-2), 59-76. (article in pdf format)

Stewart, I., Cayan, D.R., and Dettinger, M.D., 2004, Changes in snowmelt runoff timing in western North America under a "Business as usual" climate change scenario: Climatic Change, v. 62, no. 1, p. 217-232. (pdf format)

Webb, R.H., McCabe, G.J., Hereford, R., and Wilkowske, C., 2004, Climatic fluctuations, drought, and flow on the Colorado River: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2004-3062 (version 2). (pdf format, 823 KB)


Clow, D.W., Schrott, L., Webb, R., Campbell, D.H., Torizzo, A., and Dornblaser, M., 2003, Groundwater occurrence and contributions to streamflow in an alpine catchment, Colorado Front Range: Ground Water, v. 41, no. 7, p. 937-950.

Huntington, T.G., 2003, Climate warming could reduce runoff significantly in New England, USA: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v. 117, no. 3-4, p. 193-201.

Huntington, T.G., Hodgkins, G.A., Dudley, R.W., 2003, Historical trend in river ice thickness and coherence in hydroclimatological trends in Maine: Climatic Change, v. 61, no. 1-2, p. 217-236.

Hodgkins, G A, R. W. Dudley, and T. G. Huntington. 2003. Changes in the timing of high river flows in New England over the 20th century: Journal of Hydrology, v. 278, p. 244 - 252.


Dudley, R.W., and Hodgkins, G.A. (2002) Trends in streamflow, river ice, and snowpack for coastal river basins in Maine during the 20th century: U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4245, 26 p (pdf format)

Hay, L.E., and McCabe, G.J., 2002, Spatial variability in water-balance model performance in the conterminous United States: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 38, no. 3, p. 847-860.

Knowles, N., and Cayan, D.R., 2002, Potential effects of global warming on the Sacramento/San Joaquin watershed and the San Francisco estuary: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 29, no. 18, p, 1-5.

McCabe, G.J., and Dettinger, M.D., 2002, Primary modes and predictability of year-to-year snowpack variations in the western United States from teleconnections with Pacific Ocean climate: Journal of Hydrometeorology, v. 3, p. 13-25. (pdf file)

McCabe, G.J., and Wolock, D.M., 2002, A step increase in streamflow in the conterminous United States: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 29, no. 24, p. 2185. (pdf format, 235 KB, published by the American Geophsyical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

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