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Water-Use Data and Research program


Summary of Baseline Standards for Water-Use Data

The USGS has identified baseline goals, and additional levels of data, for all major categories of water use. The full WUDR Guidelines provide the authoritative version of these standards; this page provides a summary. These guidelines are provided to assist State water-resource agencies in determining areas in which to focus proposed work.

The definitions of basic water-use terms and categories as used by USGS can be found in USGS Circular 1405 and in the online water-use glossary.

In addition to the standards listed in the table, baseline goals (Tier 1) for most categories of water use include:

  1. Facility or system withdrawals for the following categories: Public Supply, Self-Supplied Industrial, Irrigation-Crop, Thermoelectric, Irrigation-Golf Course, Livestock (major facilities), Mining, and Aquaculture.
  2. Withdrawals, deliveries or returns by water source — groundwater, surface water, reclaimed wastewater, wastewater effluent, and/or recycled water. For groundwater sources the aquifer should be identified.
  3. Withdrawals by water type — fresh or saline

Additional Requirements:

    1. All data must be stored in an electronic format.
    2. A description of methods used to estimate values, coefficients, and/or other data must be provided.
    3. A description of data quality assurance and control procedures must be provided.
    4. Non-sensitive data that is available for export or download from the state agency database must be accessible to the USGS.
    5. The data must be made available to the USGS at the HUC8, county level, and aquifer (for groundwater sources).
    6. Interaction with USGS Water Science Center personnel is required.

 

Category

BASELINE GOALS
(Tier 1)

Tier 2

Tier 3

Public Supply

  • Monthly withdrawals reported by system, water source, and water type.
  • Deliveries to domestic users from public-supply systems, and populations served.
  • Report system information relevant to HUC-8 and county, and groundwater withdrawals with aquifer designation.
  • Site-specific annual and monthly withdrawals (by intake, well, or well field) reported by water source, and by water type.
  • Quantity of water purchased between systems, and source(s) of purchased water.
  • Quantity of water sold between systems.
  • Reporting and/or verification of water deliveries for domestic, commercial, industrial, thermoelectric and other use.
  • Interbasin transfers.
    System uses (internal and other non-revenue uses) and losses.
  • Improve estimates of populations served by site (for example, by surface-water intake, well or well field).
  • Use of reclaimed wastewater for public or landscape irrigation.

Industrial

  • Annual withdrawals by facility, reported by water source, by water type, and industry classification.
  • Groundwater withdrawals reported with reference to aquifer.
  • Site-specific (by intake and/or well) annual and monthly withdrawals reported by water source, by water type, and industry classification.
  • Deliveries from public supply to industrial facility, and deliveries from other sources, such as treated wastewater.
  • Site-specific consumptive use estimates.
  • Site-specific discharges to surface water, or land application.

Irrigation - Crop

  • Aggregate annual withdrawals reported by water source, by water type, acres irrigated, and method of irrigation.
  • Aggregate areas may be sub-county levels, but are feasible to summarize to county or HUC8.
  • Site-specific monthly withdrawals by well and/or diversion from surface-water feature, or delivery from reclaimed wastewater.
  • Monthly withdrawals reported by water source, water type, with associated acres irrigated and crop type, and method of irrigation system.
  • Consumptive use and conveyance loss estimates by aggregate area (sub-county, county, HUC8, or up to HUC12.
  • Site-specific return flows.

Thermoelectric

  • Site-specific, annual and monthly withdrawals, and net power generation reported by cooling-system type (once-through or recirculating), by water source and by water type, and the source of the information (plant, govt. agency, etc.).
  • Site-specific return flows.
  • Site-specific annual and monthly consumptive use.

 

Self-Supplied Domestic

  • Self-supplied domestic populations, by HUC8 and county, and by water source.
  • Studies of actual metered domestic withdrawals, monthly by source.
  • Improve estimates of self-supplied populations by utilizing property data and/or public water supply service areas, or other methods.

 

Irrigation - Golf Courses

  • Site-specific annual and monthly withdrawals reported by water source, by water type, and acres irrigated.
  • Groundwater withdrawals designated by aquifer.
  • Consumptive use estimates, by course, reported by month or annual.
  • Acres irrigated by system type, by course.

 

Livestock

  • Annual withdrawals for major facilities, reported by water source and by water type.
  • Site-specific annual and monthly withdrawals for all facilities reported by source of water, and by water type.
  • Site-specific animal counts and animal type.
  • Improved and verified coefficients for water use per head for animal type, confined or open-range, seasonal variability, and other variables.
  • Water withdrawals from sources supported by USDA programs to protect streams.

Mining

  • Annual withdrawals reported by HUC-8 and county, by source of water, and by water type.
  • Site-specific annual and monthly withdrawals.  Site-specific commodity identified.
  • Evaluation/reporting on water use by process (commodity processing, dewatering, dust suppression, etc.).
  • Reporting on return flows/discharge of water from dewatering.

Aquaculture

  • Annual withdrawals reported by HUC-8 and county, by source of water, and by water type.
  • Site-specific annual and monthly withdrawals.
  • Site-specific facility information (method, species cultured, etc.)

 

Commercial

  • Annual and monthly deliveries from public supply for commercial use.
  • Site-specific annual and monthly withdrawals for self-supplied establishments.

 

Hydroelectric Power

  • Site-specific, annual and monthly water use (water use to spin turbines) by water source and water type, and the source of the information (plant, govt. agency, etc.).

 

 

Wastewater Treatment

  • Annual and monthly deliveries from wastewater treatment plants to other users. Specify category delivered to (i.e. industrial, thermoelectric, irrigation, etc.)

 

 

   

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Page Last Modified: Wednesday, 05-Jul-2017 10:56:40 EDT