Organization and Management

                           UNITED STATES
                    DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
                         GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
                     Water Resources Division
                        Washington 25, D.C.

In reply refer to:                              April 18, 1957
                                                Code 4050 0001


To:       District Chiefs and Staff Officials, Ground Water Branch

From:     Chief, Ground Water Branch

Subject:  Organization and Management

It gives me pleasure to announce the designation of three of the
four area chiefs of the Ground Water Branch provided for under the
new organization plan of the Water Resources Division.  Mr. Henry
C. Barksdale, Arlington, Virginia, for the Atlantic Coast Area,
Mr. Stanley W. Lohman, Denver, Colorado, for the Rocky Mountain
Area, and Mr. Harold E. Thomas, Menlo Park, California, for the
Pacific Coast Area.  These positions have been established at
Grade GS-14.

No Division or Branch officers have been designated for the Mid-
continent Area as yet.  However, it is hoped that some progress
can be announced in the near future.  Announcement will be made
from time to time of other assignments as the several steps toward
the completion of reorganization of the Branch are approved.

The Atlantic Coast Area includes the States of Maine, New
Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New
York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia,
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

Mr. Barksdale graduated from the University of Virginia in 1922
and shortly thereafter became Assistant Chief Engineer of
Charlottesville, Virginia.  He entered the Geological Survey in
January 1924.  From 1927-1939 he was furloughed to the State of
New Jersey.  During this period he was working on salt-water
intrusion and other ground-water problems in cooperation with the
Geological Survey.  In 1939 he returned to the Survey, becoming
District Engineer (Ground Water) for New Jersey in 1941.  He was
designated Staff Engineer for the Middle Atlantic States in 1952.
Although he continued to function as District Engineer and
therefore could devote only part of his time to the duties of
Staff Engineer, his work in this capacity has greatly increased
the effectiveness of the ground-water operations in that area.  I
am sure that he will bring to his new position progressive ideas,
able administration and a real desire to cooperate closely both
within and without the Ground Water Branch.  Mr. Allen Sinnott,
formerly District Geologist for Virginia, succeeds Mr. Barksdale
as District Geologist for New Jersey.

Mr. Joseph E. Upson, heretofore Staff Geologist for the New York-
New England Area, has been designated Research Geologist.  His
headquarters remain in Mineola.

Mr. Hiltin H. Cooper, Jr., Staff Engineer for the Southeastern
States will remain in Tallahassee as Project Chief for the
research on salt-water intrusion.  It is expected that until Mr.
Barksdale becomes familiar with the northern and southern parts of
his area Messrs.  Upson and Cooper will give him all necessary
assistance.  They will be administratively responsible to Mr.
Barksdale but will exercise a wide degree of independent judgment
in scientific matters.

The Pacific Coast Area includes the States of Washington, Idaho,
Oregon, Nevada, California and the Territories of Alaska and

Mr. Thomas is well known for his many and varied activities both
inside and outside the Survey.  He graduated from the University
of Chicago in 1926 with a B.S. degree in geology and returned for
his Ph.D. in 1947.  He has served as instructor at Ohio State; in
the Geologic Division; in the Ground Water Branch in California
and Utah; and in the Military Service, where he rose to the rank
of Colonel.  In 1949 he was detailed on a Leave Without Pay status
to the Conservation Foundation to prepare "Conservation of Ground
Water".  He is now engaged with others in a report on the Drought
of the Southwestern States, which will be completed in the near
future.  He will assume the full duties of Branch Area Chief
shortly after the completion of this report.  Mr. Poland and Mr.
Robinson, who are engaged in research activities, will be
administratively responsible to Mr. Thomas although scientifically
they will of course, have a wide latitude of action.

The Rocky Mountain Area includes Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado,
Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, North
Dakota and South Dakota.

Mr. Lohman graduated from the California Institute of Technology
in 1929 and received his Master's Degree form the same institution
in 1938.  He entered the Geological Survey as a Junior Geologist
in 1930 and was assigned to ground-water reconnaissance in
Pennsylvania and to other varied studies.  In 1938 he was placed
in charge of the newly arranged cooperative ground-water work in
Kansas and in 1944 he was transferred to Denver where he initiated
the cooperative program in Colorado.  He was assigned duties as a
staff geologist in 1952 and has carried out those responsibilities
very effectively.

Mr. George H. Taylor, who has organized and supervised the ground-
water work in the Missouri Basin as Regional Engineer with great
effectiveness since 1946, has been designated as Research Engineer
with special relation to operations.  He will continue only
temporarily to perform the functions of Regional Engineer until a
suitable replacement for his is designated, but will be
administratively responsible to Mr. Lohman.  As Research Engineer
he will have wide latitude for independent action.

A period of transition will be needed for these men to familiarize
themselves with the problems and the personnel of their respective
areas as well as with the duties of their new positions.  During
the transition period contacts between the District and this
office should be maintained as heretofore, through the appropriate
channels (Regional Engineers, etc.) that have been followed in the
past, but copies of pertinent correspondence should be sent to the
Branch Area Chief concerned.

Most of the personnel matters now handled by our Washington staff
will be assigned to the Branch Area Chiefs in their respective
areas as soon as possible.  Effective July 1, 1957 all requests
for personnel actives should be sent to the appropriate Area Chief
who has authority to approve all actions in Grades 9 and 11 and to
recommend to the Branch Chief proper actions for the higher
grades.  Personnel actions for the positions in Grades 7 and below
will be initiated and approved at District level, except for
geologists who will continue to be selected from the geologists'
register in Washington.  Authority to approve travel within the
Branch Area and adjacent states will be delegated to the Branch
Area Chief.  All requests for travel in that portion of the
country which is not now delegated to District Chiefs should be
submitted directly to the area chiefs.  Requests for travel to
Washington must still be approved by this office but it is
anticipated that the establishment of the office of Branch Area
Chief will eliminate the need for many such requests.

Inasmuch as transfers are a part of the established training
program and also an essential part of staffing the ground-water
work on a national level, personnel actions involving interstate
transfers, as distinct from details, will be cleared by the Branch
Area Chiefs with this office before they approve them.

The Performance Ratings for the period ending March 31, 1957 will
be handled as they were last year, but succeeding Performance
Ratings that normally have been reviewed in this office, for
example, the principal assistant to the District Chiefs, will be
reviewed by the Area Chief and should be sent directly to him.
The Area Chief will also rate the District Chiefs and Specialists
who are administratively responsible to him such as research and
project geologists or engineers, and these ratings will be
reviewed in this office.

It is sincerely hoped that the administrative tasks of the Branch
Area Chief will not be permitted to become excessively burdensome
since the major improvements that we hope to achieve in our new
organization plan lie in the fields of programming and planning,
improved communications, and better guidance for the field
officers in matters of Survey policy, operations and reports.
Much responsibility in connection with programming and planning
activities of the Division and Branches is now vested in the
Division and Branch Chiefs at the field centers.  That
responsibility will include all phases of our work, however
financed.  All cooperative, collaborative and all-federal programs
of the Branches that are initiated and considered in the State
Councils will first be reviewed by the Branch and Division
representatives at the field centers and the Branch
representatives will make recommendations concerning them to this
office.  Further information about programming and planning will
be furnished later.

The planning for fiscal year 1958 is too far advanced for adequate
review by the Branch Area Chiefs.  However, in the future, they
will take up with the Water Resources Committees, which will be
established at the field centers, all program proposals.  Toward
the cooperative program these committees will act in a capacity
somewhat similar to the old Division cooperative committee, which
was abolished recently as a result of the reorganization.
Differences of opinion which cannot be settled among the Committee
Members will be referred by the Branch Area Chiefs and the
Division Hydrologists to the Washington office for resolution.
Matters which normally would be taken up with levels above your
office must be handled during the shakedown stages of
reorganization with discriminating judgment.  As a working
arrangement where there is doubt about which office a matter
should be refer to, refer it to the Area Branch Chief who will
seek advice form this office when necessary.  After the trial
period, all matters not specifically excepted will be referred to
or through Branch Area Chiefs.  In order to be effective, the
Branch Area Chiefs will have to supervise directly the operational
work, including day to day decisions and will assume many of the
responsibilities previously discharge by this office.

The Branch Area Chief should be kept fully informed by copies of
significant correspondence, even though the correspondence may be
directed to this office or some other office, in the same manner
that this office has been kept informed in the past.  On the other
hand, please screen out all very routine correspondence unless it
will serve a useful purpose for the Branch Area Chief.  When in
doubt, it would be best to send him a copy, particularly in the
early months of his new assignment.  In due course he will
doubtless indicate to you what types of correspondence need not be
sent to him.

This memorandum will be supplemented from time to time by others
from this office and from the Branch Area Chiefs.  They doubtless
will desire certain reports from your office, such as the report
on Performance Ratings of all employees in their areas.  Every
effort will be made to keep field office reports to the bare
workable minimum.

The changes that will result from the modification in our
organization are viewed by some with misgivings.  Undoubtedly some
of the features of our past working relations that were very
attractive and helpful under the conditions in which they were
developed will be lost.  However, most of use who have been close
to the organizational problems of the Branch and Division
sincerely feel that the potential gains will greatly exceed the
losses.  During the next few months, while we are adjusting to the
new set of ground rules, patience and understanding will be
required on the part of all.  However, we have no doubt that all
the field offices will do their utmost to make the new
organizational pattern work as effectively as we hope it will.

                               (s) A. N. Sayre

Distribution:  A, B, GS, GFO