State Water Resources Research Institute Program
Project ID: 2009NJ194B
Title: Innovative Research and Development for Environmental Protection and Sustainable Waste and Wastewater Management System Design
Project Type: Research
Start Date: 3/01/2009
End Date: 2/28/2010
Congressional District: 6
Focus Categories: Wastewater, Groundwater, Water Quality
Principal Investigator: Babson, David; Fennell, Donna E.
Federal Funds: $ 5,000
Non-Federal Matching Funds: $ 10,000
Abstract: The continued utilization of fossil-fuel energy sources is transferring carbon from the geosphere to the atmosphere and hydrosphere at an unsustainable rate, and is causing global warming and ocean acidification. This fact is fundamental to the current debate about energy policy, and has fused energy and environmental policy together. Recovering energy from biogas generated from degrading organic substrates (biomass) is attractive because there are numerous sources of cheap biomass to use, including municipal solid waste (MSW). The ability to characterize and understand the significant biochemical pathways involved in anaerobic degradation processes will allow optimized systems to effectively recover valuable fuel products from degrading waste while minimizing and simultaneously treating associated wastewater streams. The strategy considered here focuses on maximizing methanogenesis to increase the prospect of recovering useable energy while minimizing the energy needed to treat associated wastewater streams without compromising a commitment to clean water effluents.
Progress/Completion Report, 2009, PDF