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Project ID: 2006DE70B

Title: Hydraulic Properties of the Unconfined Aquifer in Southern New Castle County

Project Type: Research

Start Date: 06/01/2006

End Date: 02/28/2007

Congressional District: At large

Focus Categories: Groundwater, Geomorphological Processes

Keywords: aquifers, hydrologic characteristics, public wells

Principal Investigator: Andres, Alan

Federal Funds: $1,750

Non-Federal Matching Funds: $3,500

Abstract: The unconfined aquifer, also known as the Columbia aquifer, is an important water resource in Southern New Castle County. This aquifer is used as a source of water by domestic, irrigation, and public supply wells. The Columbia is the source of all base flow in streams. All ground water in deeper confined aquifers has flowed through the Columbia aquifer. Despite the importance of this aquifer, there have been very few measurements made of saturated hydraulic conductivity (K) of this aquifer. Such K data are needed to allow quantitative analysis of water availability, sustainable pumping rates, and contaminant transport. The goal of this undergraduate internship project is to gain practical knowledge and experience in the acquisition and management of subsurface geologic and aquifer testing data and interpretation and analysis of hydrogeologic data. There are three main components to the research: (a) field data acquisition: participation in measuring ground-water levels with manual and automated equipment, conducting single well aquifer tests, and developing monitoring wells for testing; (b) data compilation: Training in the steps routinely employed for automated and manual compilation of hydrogeologic data, and data QA/QC tasks. This work is done with spreadsheet, GIS, and database software packages and requires constructing charts and tables and completing statistical evaluation of data; (c) analyses of hydrogeologic data: gaining direct experience with analysis of hydrogeologic data. This includes interpreting descriptive logs of boreholes, interpreting grain size distribution data, and analyzing aquifer test data.

Progress/Completion Report, PDF

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
Maintained by: John Schefter
Last Updated: Friday, December 07, 2007
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