WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH GRANT PROPOSAL
Project ID: 2004TN12B
Title: Removal of Toxic Heavy Metals from Wastewater Effluents
Project Type: Research
Focus Categories: Toxic Substances, Water Quality
Keywords: heavy metals, toxic substances, water chemistry, wastewater treatment, water quality, hazardous waste, trace elements, pollutants
Start Date: 03/01/2004
End Date: 02/28/2005
Federal Funds: $13,415
Non-Federal Matching Funds: $42,104
Congressional District: TN3
Gregory J. Grant
This project deals with research that could lead to enhanced methods for
the treatment and removal of hazardous and toxic heavy metal contaminants
such as mercury and lead in industrial and municipal waste-water as well as
groundwater sources. We are specifically interested in exploring the complexation
behavior of these heavy metal ions by crown thioether ligands and related
mixed donor crowns. Given the thiophilic nature of heavy metal ions such as
mercury, cadmium, and lead, it is surprising that more efforts have not been
given to addressing the optimization of polythioethers ligands for the selective
chelation of heavy metals. Also, mixed donor set ligands, such as crown oxathiaethers
and azathiaethers, may offer promise in the fastidious extraction of heavy
metals. However, they remain relatively unexplored in this capacity.
Research is needed in order to determine the following:
(a) the nature and stability of heavy metal ion-sulfur interactions involving crown thioethers and mixed donor set ligands.
(b) how these ligands bind to the heavy metal centers.
(c) how selectivity for heavy metal ions may be enhanced via structural alterations on the ligands
The project will consist of the following general tasks:
1. Synthesis of polythioether and mixed donor thioether ligands
2. Synthesis and Characterization of new heavy metal complexes of these ligands, involving principally mercury, cadmium, and lead
3. Metal Competition Studies to determine the comparative effectiveness of structural alterations in the ligands for selectivity of heavy metal complexation in the presence of other less toxic metal ions (e.g., iron and mercury)
Our proposal seeks to develop further the study of the interactions of heavy metal ions such as mercury, cadmium, and lead with sulfur donor ligands in order to understand better the nature of the metal-sulfur interaction. The use of these polythioethers as chelators for toxic heavy metal ions could have important implications in the development of novel materials which could bind and remove these hazardous items from contaminated water. The proposed project can lead to a designed material which can selectively extract specific, unwanted metal ions from a complex mixture of metal cations in aqueous solution and could then be applied in waste-water remediation.