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WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH GRANT PROPOSAL

Project ID: 2004OR47B

Title: Synergetic effects of colloids and organic matter on membrane fouling

Project Type: Research

Focus Categories: Water Use, Treatment, Water Quality

Keywords: Nanofiltration, membranes, colloid particles, dissolved organic matter

Start Date: 02/15/2004

End Date: 02/14/2005

Federal Funds: $9,837

Non-Federal Matching Funds: $20,194

Congressional Districts: Oregon 1 and 5

Principal Investigator:
Qilin Li

Abstract

The objectives of this project are: (1) to determine the synergetic effect of combined fouling of nanofiltration membranes by colloidal material and dissolved organic matter in drinking water purification and wastewater reclamation; (2) to reveal the mechanisms of combined fouling, and (3) to develop efficient chemical cleaning strategies for membrane flux recovery. The general approach for the proposed research is to determine the roles of colloidal material and dissolved organic matter in combined fouling of NF membranes under various solution chemistries, and to test the efficiency of different chemical cleaning strategies for membranes fouled by feed water with different colloid/organic compositions. Both bench scale filtration/chemical cleaning experiments and microscopic analysis of the combined colloid/organic fouling layer will be conducted to relate the structure and stability of the fouling layer to the membrane flux decline rate and the chemical cleaning efficiency. The effect of colloidal particle size and solution chemistry on combined membrane fouling and chemical cleaning will be investigated.

Progress/Completion Report PDF


U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://water.usgs.gov/wrri/04grants/2004OR47B.html
Maintained by: John Schefter
Last Updated: Wednesday July 13, 2005 4:49 PM
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