U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.
Total Water Use


                     Table 5.  Surface-water withdrawals by water-use category and water-resources region, 1990
           [Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding. All values in million gallons per day]
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                    PUBLIC            COMMER-
                    SUPPLY   DOMESTIC   CIAL  IRRIGATION LIVESTOCK    INDUSTRIAL        MINING       THERMOELECTRIC        TOTAL
  REGION            ------   -------- ------- ---------- ---------  --------------   -------------   --------------    ---------------
                     Fresh    Fresh    Fresh     Fresh     Fresh    Fresh   Saline   Fresh  Saline   Fresh   Saline    Fresh   Saline
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
New England          1,070     0.0       51       111       2.8       382      68      19      0.0   2,400    9,090    4,040   9,160
Mid Atlantic         4,580      .1       39        95      29       1,370   1,470     176     29    12,200   25,000   18,500  26,500
South Atlantic-Gulf  2,340     0         14     2,160     152       1,920      94      53      0    19,700   10,700   26,300  10,800
Great Lakes          3,880     1.0       81       158      41       3,950       0     227      6.5  22,800        0   31,200       6.5
Ohio                 1,750     8.1       31        40      79       1,840       0     218       .6  23,800        0   27,800        .6

Tennessee              402     0           .2      23     169       1,170       0      67      0     7,070        0    8,900       0
Upper Mississippi      724     0        126        38      52         618       0     143      0    16,500        0   18,200       0
Lower Mississippi      334     0         72     1,150     358       2,120      67      32      0     5,570    1,060    9,630   1,120
Souris-Red-Rainy        37     0           .2      42       4.9        47       0       8.0    0        26        0      166       0
Missouri Basin       1,010     1.0        6.4  17,600     172          57       0     182      0     9,980        0   29,000       0

Arkansas-White-Red   1,040     0        138     1,790     200         301       0      25      0     4,500        0    7,990       0
Texas-Gulf           1,470     0         11     1,130     102         600   1,460      47      0     4,660    3,150    8,020   4,610
Rio Grande             163     0          1.2   3,670      13           1.0     0       1.5    0         1.8      0    3,850       0
Upper Colorado          86      .3         .7   6,560     112           2.5     0      12      0       177        0    6,950       0
Lower Colorado         552     2.1        6.3   3,820      68         124       0      30       .2      62         .4  4,670        .6

Great Basin            256     2.6        9.3   4,890       9.9        29       0       5.7   93        24        0    5,230      93
Pacific Northwest      850     7.7      669    23,900      29         691      36      10      0       345        0   26,500      36
California           2,530   103        213    17,700     204           4.8    25       7.0     .4     241   11,400   21,000  11,400
Alaska                  58      .7        9.0        .5      .5       106       0      20    308        26        0      221     308
Hawaii                  17     1.4         .6     555       3.8        23       0       0      0         0    1,550      600   1,550
Caribbean              330     4.6         .3      87       3.7         0      50        .7    0         0    2,570      426   2,620
                    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total               23,500   132      1,480    85,500   1,800      15,400   3,260   1,280    438   130,000   64,500  259,000  68,200

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Last modified: 3/20/96