U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.
Total Water Use


                                      Table 2.  Total offstream water use by State, 1990
    [Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding.  Mgal/d = million gallons per day; gal/d = gallons per day]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                        WITHDRAWALS, in Mgal/d
                         PER                   (includes irrigation conveyance losses) 
                        CAPITA   ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ RECLAIMED CONVEY- CONSUMP-
            POPULATION,  USE,                    By source and type                                              WASTE-   ANCE    TIVE USE,
  STATE      in thou-   fresh-   --------------------------------------------------              Total           WATER,  LOSSES,  fresh-
              sands     water,        Ground water              Surface water                                    in        in     water,
                       in gal/d  ----------------------   -------------------------   -------------------------  Mgal/d  Mgal/d  in Mgal/d
                                 Fresh   Saline   Total    Fresh    Saline    Total    Fresh     Saline   Total
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama         4,041   2,000      394      9.1    403     7,680        0.0   7,680     8,080        9.1  8,090     0.0      0.0     454
Alaska            550     517       64     48      112       221      308       529       284      357      641     0         .1      26
Arizona         3,665   1,790    2,740       .5  2,740     3,830         .6   3,830     6,570        1.2  6,570   183    1,010     4,350
Arkansas        2,353   3,330    4,710      0    4,710     3,130        0     3,130     7,840        0    7,840     0      368     4,140
California     29,760   1,180   14,600    310   14,900    20,500   11,400    31,900    35,100   11,700   46,800   133    1,560    20,900

Colorado 3,294 3,850 2,770 30 2,800 9,910 0 9,910 12,700 30 12,700 3.7 2,990 5,250 Connecticut 3,287 325 165 0 165 902 3,780 4,680 1,070 3,780 4,840 0 0 103 Delaware 666 1,540 89 0 89 939 339 1,280 1,030 339 1,370 0 0 59 D.C. 607 15 1.0 0 1.0 8.0 0 8.0 9.0 0 9.0 0 0 16 Florida 12,938 582 4,660 0 4,660 2,870 10,400 13,200 7,530 10,400 17,900 170 64 3,130

Georgia 6,478 816 996 0 996 4,290 65 4,360 5,290 65 5,350 36 0 822 Hawaii 1,108 1,070 589 .6 590 600 1,550 2,150 1,190 1,550 2,740 6.2 127 627 Idaho 1,007 19,600 7,590 0 7,590 12,100 0 12,100 19,700 0 19,700 0 7,160 6,090 Illinois 11,431 1,570 920 25 945 17,100 0 17,100 18,000 25 18,000 0 0 750 Indiana 5,544 1,700 621 0 621 8,810 0 8,810 9,430 0 9,430 0 0 451

Iowa 2,777 1,030 495 0 495 2,370 0 2,370 2,860 0 2,860 0 0 271 Kansas 2,478 2,460 4,360 0 4,360 1,720 0 1,720 6,080 0 6,080 6.0 146 4,410 Kentucky 3,685 1,170 247 0 247 4,070 0 4,070 4,320 0 4,320 0 .5 309 Louisiana 4,220 2,200 1,340 .6 1,340 7,950 67 8,010 9,290 67 9,350 0 90 1,590 Maine 1,228 433 85 0 85 446 609 1,060 532 609 1,140 0 0 51

Maryland 4,781 306 240 0 240 1,220 4,950 6,170 1,460 4,950 6,410 63 0 126 Massachusetts 6,016 338 338 0 338 1,690 3,490 5,180 2,030 3,490 5,520 0 0 195 Michigan 9,295 1,250 703 4.6 707 10,900 0 10,900 11,600 4.6 11,600 0 0 738 Minnesota 4,375 748 797 0 797 2,480 0 2,480 3,270 0 3,270 0 0 872 Mississippi 2,573 1,290 2,670 0 2,670 648 316 963 3,320 316 3,640 1.0 188 1,800

Missouri 5,117 1,150 727 .1 728 5,150 1,060 6,200 5,870 1,060 6,930 0 0 529 Montana 799 11,600 205 13 218 9,100 0 9,100 9,300 13 9,320 0 4,620 2,090 Nebraska 1,578 5,660 4,790 4.7 4,800 4,150 0 4,150 8,940 4.7 8,940 0 2,160 4,230 Nevada 1,202 2,780 1,060 12 1,070 2,280 0 2,280 3,340 12 3,350 11 615 1,690 New Hampshire 1,109 378 64 0 64 356 894 1,250 420 894 1,310 0 0 26

New Jersey 7,730 287 566 .2 566 1,650 10,600 12,200 2,220 10,600 12,800 0 0 211 New Mexico 1,515 2,300 1,760 0 1,760 1,720 0 1,720 3,480 0 3,480 0 590 2,060 New York 17,990 583 839 1.5 840 9,650 8,490 18,100 10,500 8,490 19,000 0 0 562 North Carolina 6,629 1,350 435 0 435 8,500 5.5 8,510 8,940 5.5 8,940 17 0 390 North Dakota 639 4,190 141 0 141 2,540 0 2,540 2,680 0 2,680 0 5.9 228

Ohio 10,847 1,080 904 0 904 10,800 0 10,800 11,700 0 11,700 0 .1 901 Oklahoma 3,146 452 662 243 905 760 0 760 1,420 243 1,670 0 5.4 659 Oregon 2,842 2,970 767 0 767 7,660 0 7,660 8,430 0 8,430 12 1,270 3,160 Pennsylvania 11,882 827 1,020 0 1,020 8,810 0 8,810 9,830 0 9,830 0 0 581 Rhode Island 1,003 132 25 0 25 108 393 501 133 393 526 0 0 18

South Carolina 3,487 1,720 282 0 282 5,720 0 5,720 6,000 0 6,000 14 0 293 South Dakota 696 851 251 0 251 341 0 341 592 0 592 0 62 345 Tennessee 4,877 1,880 503 0 503 8,690 0 8,690 9,190 0 9,190 .7 0 252 Texas 16,986 1,180 7,380 492 7,880 12,700 4,610 17,300 20,100 5,100 25,200 56 660 9,020 Utah 1,723 2,540 964 7.2 971 3,410 93 3,510 4,380 100 4,480 39 624 2,230

Vermont 563 1,120 45 0 45 587 0 587 632 0 632 0 0 29 Virginia 6,187 762 443 0 443 4,270 2,150 6,420 4,710 2,150 6,860 0 3.6 224 Washington 4,867 1,630 1,450 0 1,450 6,460 36 6,490 7,910 36 7,940 0 997 2,830 West Virginia 1,793 2,560 728 0 728 3,860 0 3,860 4,580 0 4,580 0 0 509 Wisconsin 4,892 1,330 681 0 681 5,830 0 5,830 6,510 0 6,510 0 0 461

Wyoming 454 16,700 384 19 403 7,200 0 7,200 7,580 19 7,600 0 2,150 2,730 Puerto Rico 3,522 163 157 0 157 419 2,470 2,880 576 2,470 3,040 0 17 199 Virgin Islands 102 91 1.9 1.2 3.1 7.4 153 160 9.3 154 164 0 0 1.5 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 252,336 1,340 79,400 1,220 80,600 259,000 68,200 327,000 339,000 69,400 408,000 750 27,500 94,000 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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Last modified: 3/20/96