U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.
Public-Supply Freshwater Use


                                Table 10.  Public-supply freshwater use by State, 1990
                            [Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding.  
                               Mgal/d = million gallons per day; gal/d = gallons per day]
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                     POPULATION SERVED,       WATER WITHDRAWALS,                 WATER DELIVERIES, BY   
                        in thousands              in Mgal/d                     TYPE OF USE, in Mgal/d
                ------------------------  ----------------------  PER    -------------------------------  PUBLIC
  STATE              Source                     Source           CAPITA                                   USE AND
                ----------------          ---------------         USE,                           Thermo-  LOSSES1
                Ground   Surface   Total  Ground  Surface  Total  in            Commer- Indus-  electric
                 water    water            water   water         gal/d  Domestic  cial   trial    power   
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Alabama         1,450    2,220    3,670     224     483     707   193     368     58     185       0.0     95
Alaska            126      250      376      34      58      92   245      30     33      18       1.0     11
Arizona         2,190    1,210    3,390     401     305     707   208     509    117      78       0        2.1
Arkansas          878      902    1,780     119     190     309   173     188    106        .7     0       13
California     13,600   11,900   25,500   3,260   2,560   5,830   229   3,740    791     492      13      792

Colorado          422    2,620    3,050      83     567     650   213     441    108      21      13       68
Connecticut       514    2,160    2,670      73     301     374   140     188     51      64       2.6     69
Delaware          297      231      528      33      52      85   160      41     18      15        .9     10
D.C.                0      607      607       0       0       0   256     109     47       0       0     -155
Florida        10,000    1,210   11,200   1,700     226   1,930   171   1,250    282     183       5.5    207

Georgia         1,560    3,590    5,150     234     730     963   187     594    151     157       0        6
Hawaii          1,030       23    1,060     221      17     238   225     126     62       7.5      .4     42
Idaho             626      143      768     173      28     201   262     143      6.1     3.8     0       48
Illinois        3,280    6,780   10,100     444   1,420   1,860   185     904    498     263       1.3    193
Indiana         1,960    2,030    3,990     274     330     604   151     303    102     105       0       94

Iowa            1,460      632    2,090    234       88     322   154     138     59      34       4.7     87
Kansas          1,040    1,190    2,230    176      197     373   167     192     77      35        .8     69
Kentucky          332    2,240    2,570     55      372     427   166     179     23     199       0       26
Louisiana       1,840    1,770    3,610    275      344     619   171     448     54      32       0       84
Maine             162      527      689     21       86     106   154      40     24      17       1.2     24

Maryland          645    3,290    3,940     76      722     798   203     414     87      52       0      245
Massachusetts   2,010    3,500    5,500    179      535     714   130     365     58     108       2.8    181
Michigan        1,610    6,000    7,610    261    1,140   1,400   184     585    340     411       0       67
Minnesota       2,020      908    2,930    290      225     515   176     432     22      44        .5     16
Mississippi     1,730      188    1,920    282       38     320   167     236     33      19        .3     32

Missouri        1,500    2,590    4,090    185      493     677   166     348     59     133        .2    137
Montana           221      374      595     51       83     135   226      77     25       1.0     0       32
Nebraska          975      226    1,200    235       66     301   251     138     50      33       1.9     78
Nevada            318      802    1,120    104      281     385   344     238     89       2.6      .8     54
New Hampshire     300      394      694     34       61      95   137      49     17      15       0       14

New Jersey      2,710    4,110    6,820    396      643   1,040   152     511    140     241        .2    146
New Mexico      1,050      156    1,210    241       32     273   226     163     68      15        .1     26
New York        4,340   11,600   15,900    550    2,360   2,910   183   1,890    391     314       0      318
North Carolina    962    3,790    4,760    137      668     805   169     319    138     245        .4    102
North Dakota      233      250      483     32       45      76   158      42     15       2.6     0       17

Ohio            3,160    5,900    9,060    396      904   1,300   143     455    325     325       0      194
Oklahoma          734    1,930    2,670     80      435     515   193     227    100     113       1.5     75
Oregon            513    1,710    2,220    105      365     470   212     246     67      81       0       76
Pennsylvania    3,230    5,920    9,160    427    1,300   1,730   189     570    205     248       0      705
Rhode Island      120      814      934     13       88     102   109      63     22      12       0        4.5

South Carolina    685    1,430    2,120     79      273     352   166     160    119      46       0       27
South Dakota      404      151      555     52       24      76   137      45     16       8.0     0        6.7
Tennessee       1,590    2,380    3,970    269      426     695   175     338    181     106        .5     69
Texas           7,190    8,940   16,100  1,270    1,830   3,090   192   2,310    119     255      22      388
Utah              948      705    1,650    305      203     508   308     360     62      21       0       65

Vermont           173      160      333     19       19      39   116      27      3.1     3.1      .1      5.8
Virginia          632    4,050    4,680     69      640     709   151     351    173     152       0       34
Washington      2,040    1,920    3,960    434      441     875   221     546    119      93       0      117
West Virginia     323      858    1,180     43      118     160   136      87     20      13        .9     39
Wisconsin       1,900    1,510    3,410    294      301     595   175     179     99     151       0      167

Wyoming           160      180      340     41       47      88   260      55     16       5.5     0       11
Puerto Rico       799    2,570    3,370     80      325     404   120     162     55      12       2.8    173
Virgin Islands      7.5     37       44      1.0      5.4     6.4 144       1.0    2.1     0        .5      2.8
               --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total          88,000  122,000  210,000 15,100   23,500  38,500   184  21,900  5,900   5,190      80    5,460
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1 Includes transfers from adjacent areas.

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Last modified: 2/10/95