U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.
Public-Supply Freshwater Use


                          Table 9.  Public-supply freshwater use by water-resources region, 1990
                              [Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding.  
                                Mgal/d = million gallons per day; gal/d = gallons per day]
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                            POPULATION SERVED,      WATER WITHDRAWALS,                 WATER DELIVERIES, BY   
                               in thousands             in Mgal/d                     TYPE OF USE, in Mgal/d
                       ------------------------ ----------------------    PER    -------------------------------  PUBLIC
  REGION                  Source                    Source              CAPITA                                   USE AND
                      ----------------          ---------------           USE,                           Thermo-  LOSSES1
                      Ground   Surface   Total  Ground  Surface  Total    in            Commer- Indus-  electric
                       water    water            water   water           gal/d  Domestic  cial   trial    power   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
New England            3,170    7,400   10,600     328   1,070   1,400    133      713    172    219     6.6      291
Mid Atlantic          10,700   24,400   35,100   1,400   4,580   5,980    171    3,270    937    672     1.1    1,100
South Atlantic-Gulf   15,600   12,100   27,700   2,510   2,340   4,850    175    2,790    746    855     6.1      458
Great Lakes            3,110   14,500   17,600     460   3,880   4,340    247    1,400    637    852      .1    1,450
Ohio                   5,960   10,500   16,500     774   1,750   2,530    153    1,050    411    615      .9      450

Tennessee                757    2,270    3,030     109     402     511    169      252    111     94     0         55
Upper Mississippi      8,060    8,870   16,900   1,160     724   1,890    112    1,530    607    467     5.8     -716
Lower Mississippi      4,300    1,640    5,940     701     334   1,040    174      698    150     70      .7      117
Souris-Red-Rainy         239      222      461      34      37      72    156       45     11      3.4   0         12
Missouri Basin         3,430    4,920    8,350     612   1,010   1,620    194      925    270    112     7.0      307

Arkansas-White-Red     2,430    4,430    6,870     364   1,040   1,400    204      705    241    257    26        174
Texas-Gulf             6,310    8,230   14,500   1,050   1,470   2,520    173    2,060    113    143     7.1      197
Rio Grande             1,560      361    1,920     370     163     533    278      282     64     19     0        169
Upper Colorado           128      361      488      32      86     118    242       83     19      4.4   0         13
Lower Colorado         2,500    1,880    4,380     513     552   1,070    243      722    191     80      .8       72

Great Basin            1,120      918    2,040     354     256     610    300      432     89     21     0         68
Pacific Northwest      3,220    3,860    7,080     727     850   1,580    223      960    202    175     0        239
California            13,500   11,800   25,200   3,210   2,530   5,750    228    3,690    780    495    13        773
Alaska                   126      250      376      34      58      92    245       30     33     18     1.0       11
Hawaii                 1,030       23    1,060     221      17     238    225      126     62      7.5    .4       42
Caribbean                807    2,610    3,420      81     330     411    120      163     57     12     3.3      176
                     --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                 88,000  122,000  210,000  15,100  23,500  38,500    184   21,900  5,900  5,190    80      5,460
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 Includes transfers from adjacent areas.

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Last modified: 2/15/95