U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.
Irrigation Water Use


                                        Table 16.  Irrigation water use by State, 1990
                                             [Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding]
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             THOUSAND ACRE-FEET PER YEAR                              MILLION GALLONS PER DAY
                                 --------------------------------------------------------   -------------------------------------------
               IRRIGATED LAND                                                                                               Consump-
                BY TYPE, in      Withdrawals, by source                        Consump-   Withdrawals, by source             tive
  STATE        thousand acres    ----------------------   Reclaimed  Convey-   tive use, ------------------------- Convey-    use,
               --------------      Freshwater      Total   waste-     ance     fresh-      Freshwater       Total   ance     fresh
                                ----------------           water     losses     water    ----------------           losses    water
               Spray    Flood   Ground   Surface                                         Ground   Surface
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama          147        0.0     37        69      106      0.0       0.0       79       33        62       94         0.0     71
Alaska             1.4      0         .1        .5       .6    0          .1         .3       .1        .5       .6        .1       .3
Arizona          409      940    2,300     3,640    5,940    202     1,130      3,990    2,060     3,250    5,300     1,010    3,560
Arkansas         297    2,680    4,820     1,060    5,880      0       412      4,360    4,300       949    5,250       368    3,890
California     2,230    7,250   12,000    19,300   31,200    148     1,750     21,800   10,700    17,200   27,900     1,560   19,500

Colorado 897 2,660 2,870 10,100 13,000 4.2 3,350 5,560 2,560 9,000 11,600 2,990 4,960 Connecticut 28 0 9.2 7.3 17 0 0 17 8.2 6.5 15 0 15 Delaware 64 0 26 11 36 0 0 36 23 9.5 32 0 32 D.C. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Florida 1,020 1,130 2,180 2,000 4,180 190 72 2,780 1,940 1,780 3,730 64 2,480

Georgia 1,180 0 294 199 494 39 0 494 263 178 441 0 441 Hawaii 115 12 224 622 846 6.9 143 586 200 555 755 127 523 Idaho 1,540 1,870 7,420 13,500 20,900 0 8,020 6,810 6,620 12,100 18,700 7,160 6,070 Illinois 287 0 84 4.2 88 .1 0 79 75 3.7 78 0 70 Indiana 169 0 22 35 57 0 0 51 20 31 51 0 46

Iowa 74 0 24 1.6 25 0 0 25 21 1.4 23 0 23 Kansas 1,450 1,660 4,470 224 4,690 6.2 163 4,530 3,990 199 4,190 146 4,040 Kentucky 32 .7 .5 12 13 0 .5 12 .5 11 12 .5 11 Louisiana 193 496 506 287 793 0 101 693 451 256 708 90 618 Maine 5.1 0 .2 1.8 2.0 0 0 2.0 .2 1.6 1.8 0 1.8

Maryland 64 0 22 11 33 0 0 33 19 10 29 0 29 Massachusetts 6.4 12 0 112 112 0 0 112 0 100 100 0 100 Michigan 367 0 118 151 269 0 0 255 105 135 240 0 227 Minnesota 349 17 176 43 219 0 0 196 157 38 195 0 175 Mississippi 449 728 1,970 146 2,110 1.1 211 1,490 1,750 130 1,880 188 1,330

Missouri 228 323 376 40 416 0 0 301 335 36 371 0 269 Montana 597 1,340 101 9,990 10,100 0 5,180 2,170 90 8,910 9,000 4,620 1,940 Nebraska 3,000 3,860 4,880 1,950 6,840 0 2,420 4,410 4,360 1,740 6,100 2,160 3,930 Nevada 155 574 976 2,190 3,160 12 690 1,640 871 1,950 2,820 615 1,460 New Hampshire 2.9 .3 .1 .9 1.0 0 0 .9 .1 .8 .9 0 .8

New Jersey 100 3.4 25 40 65 0 0 47 22 36 58 0 42 New Mexico 421 564 1,540 1,840 3,380 0 661 1,990 1,370 1,640 3,010 590 1,780 New York 68 .5 32 29 61 0 0 55 28 26 54 0 49 North Carolina 184 .2 13 114 127 19 0 127 12 102 114 0 114 North Dakota 109 59 88 96 184 0 6.6 165 78 86 164 5.9 148

Ohio 66 0 5.2 12 17 0 .1 16 4.7 11 15 .1 14 Oklahoma 317 186 553 121 673 0 6.0 426 493 108 601 5.4 380 Oregon 1,070 965 631 7,060 7,690 12 1,430 3,350 563 6,300 6,860 1,270 2,990 Pennsylvania 30 0 4.0 12 16 0 0 16 3.5 11 14 0 14 Rhode Island 6.8 0 .3 2.0 2.4 0 0 2.4 .3 1.8 2.1 0 2.1

South Carolina 69 0 34 28 61 16 0 61 30 25 55 0 55 South Dakota 287 109 158 281 439 0 69 305 141 251 392 62 272 Tennessee 45 .5 17 26 43 .8 0 26 15 23 38 0 23 Texas 2,160 4,060 6,270 3,250 9,520 38 740 7,990 5,590 2,900 8,490 660 7,130 Utah 457 837 569 3,460 4,020 44 699 2,160 508 3,080 3,590 624 1,930

Vermont 1.8 .2 0 .5 .6 0 0 .5 0 .5 .5 0 .5 Virginia 90 0 8.9 31 40 0 4.0 26 7.9 28 36 3.6 23 Washington 1,510 472 845 5,920 6,760 0 1,120 2,930 754 5,280 6,030 997 2,610 West Virginia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Wisconsin 227 0 168 2.0 170 0 0 170 150 1.8 151 0 151

Wyoming 211 1,730 266 7,760 8,020 0 2,410 2,910 237 6,920 7,160 2,150 2,590 Puerto Rico 21 14 60 97 157 0 19 102 54 87 140 17 91 Virgin Islands 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 22,800 34,600 57,200 95,900 153,000 740 30,800 85,400 51,000 85,500 137,000 27,500 76,200 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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Last modified: 7/15/95