U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.

Industrial Water Use

                                         Table 20.  Industrial water use by State, 1990
        [Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding. All values in million gallons per day]
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                SELF-SUPPLIED WITHDRAWALS                                           TOTAL USE
              ------------------------------------------------------------                   --------------------------               
                   By source and type                                                PUBLIC-   With-
             --------------------------------                              RECLAIMED  SUPPLY  drawals
  STATE       Ground water       Surface water              Total            WASTE    DELIV-    and     Consumptive use
             --------------     ----------------   -----------------------   WATER    ERIES  deliveries ---------------
             Fresh   Saline      Fresh    Saline   Fresh    Saline   Total            Fresh     Fresh   Fresh   Saline
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama          31      0.0      753        0.0    784        0.0    784     0.0     185       969      194      0.0
Alaska            5.2    0        106        0      111        0      111     0        18       129       13      0
Arizona          39      0        124        0      163        0      163     2.3      78       242      223      0
Arkansas         99      0         78        0      177        0      177     0          .7     178       13      0
California      125      0          3.4     25      129       25      154      .8     492       621      101       .3

Colorado 33 0 85 0 118 0 118 0 21 139 41 0 Connecticut 19 0 61 68 80 68 148 0 64 144 16 14 Delaware 18 0 47 6.0 65 6.0 71 0 15 80 12 0 D.C. .5 0 0 0 .5 0 .5 0 0 .5 0 0 Florida 282 0 121 56 403 56 459 0 183 586 67 0

Georgia 346 0 311 33 657 33 689 .5 157 814 77 2.3 Hawaii 20 .6 23 0 43 .6 44 0 7.5 51 2.2 0 Idaho 170 0 26 0 196 0 196 0 3.8 200 6.0 0 Illinois 155 0 309 0 464 0 464 0 263 728 80 0 Indiana 129 0 2,350 0 2,480 0 2,480 0 105 2,590 155 0

Iowa 71 0 148 0 219 0 219 0 34 253 33 0 Kansas 50 0 3.8 0 53 0 53 .5 35 88 30 0 Kentucky 93 0 220 0 313 0 313 0 199 512 19 0 Louisiana 289 .6 2,070 67 2,360 67 2,430 0 32 2,390 265 .4 Maine 9.8 0 244 0 254 0 254 0 17 270 27 0

Maryland 21 0 49 379 70 379 450 63 52 123 18 57 Massachusetts 65 0 22 0 87 0 87 0 108 195 20 0 Michigan 175 3.7 1,510 0 1,680 3.7 1,690 0 411 2,100 152 .4 Minnesota 65 0 89 0 154 0 154 0 44 198 35 0 Mississippi 144 0 126 0 269 0 269 0 19 288 46 0

Missouri 53 0 32 0 85 0 85 0 133 218 29 0 Montana 30 0 27 0 57 0 57 0 1.0 58 8.8 0 Nebraska 39 0 2.4 0 41 0 41 0 33 74 31 0 Nevada 9.4 0 .8 0 10 0 10 0 2.6 13 2.5 0 New Hampshire .3 0 37 0 37 0 37 0 15 53 5. 0

New Jersey 53 .2 273 1,020 326 1,020 1,340 0 241 567 45 20 New Mexico 4.6 0 1.7 0 6.3 0 6.3 0 15 21 14 0 New York 85 0 189 0 274 0 274 0 314 588 60 0 North Carolina 63 0 328 5.5 390 5.5 396 0 245 635 34 .6 North Dakota 2. 0 6.6 0 8.8 0 8.8 0 2.6 11 9.2 0

Ohio 123 0 230 0 354 0 354 0 325 679 204 0 Oklahoma 3.3 0 32 0 35 0 35 0 113 148 10 0 Oregon 31 0 254 0 284 0 284 1.6 81 365 39 0 Pennsylvania 180 0 1,690 0 1,870 0 1,870 0 248 2,120 189 0 Rhode Island 2.5 0 9.1 0 12 0 12 0 12 24 1.7 0

South Carolina 47 0 585 0 632 0 632 0 46 678 102 0 South Dakota 5.0 0 10 0 15 0 15 0 8.0 23 3.4 0 Tennessee 69 0 813 0 882 0 882 0 106 988 109 0 Texas 143 1.1 741 1,460 884 1, 460 2,340 22 255 1,140 418 803 Utah 77 2.3 29 0 106 2.3 108 0 21 128 56 1.0

Vermont 1.0 0 43 0 44 0 44 0 3.1 47 4.7 0 Virginia 195 0 300 66 495 66 561 0 152 647 78 7.9 Washington 104 0 397 36 501 36 536 0 93 594 73 4.8 West Virginia 106 0 26 0 132 0 132 0 13 145 22 0 Wisconsin 58 0 409 0 468 0 468 0 151 619 125 0

Wyoming 6.0 0 9.9 0 16 0 16 0 5.5 21 3.2 0 Puerto Rico 11 0 0 0 11 0 11 0 12 23 6.5 0 Virgin Islands .1 1.2 0 50 .1 51 51 0 0 .1 0 1.0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Total 3,950 9.7 15,400 3,260 19,300 3,270 22,600 90 5,190 24,500 3,330 913 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


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Last modified: 2/15/95