U.S. Geological Survey

Estimated use of water in the United States in 1990.

Domestic Water Use


                                     Table 12.  Domestic freshwater use by State, 1990
[Figures may not add to totals because of independent rounding.  Mgal/d = million gallons per day; gal/d = gallons per day]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                             SELF SUPPLIED                            PUBLIC SUPPLY                 TOTAL USE
             ---------------------------------------------   -------------------------------  ---------------------
                              Water withdrawals,
                                  in Mgal/d
                           ---------------------    Per                               Per    Withdrawals      
 STATE        Population,      Source              capita    Population    Water     capita     and       Consump-
             in thousands  ---------------  Total   use,     served, in  deliveries,  use,   deliveries,  tive use,
                           Ground  Surface        in gal/d   thousands   in Mgal/d  in gal/d  in Mgal/d   in Mgal/d
                            water  water
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama           369        28       0.0    28       75      3,670         368       100        396        53
Alaska            174         6.2      .7     6.9     40        376          30        79         36         3.7
Arizona           270        32        .3    32      118      3,390         509       150        541       268
Arkansas          573        51       0      51       88      1,780         188       106        239        51
California      4,280       212     106     318       74     25,500       3,740       147      4,060     1,030

Colorado 248 19 0 19 76 3,050 441 145 460 139 Connecticut 616 46 0 46 75 2,670 188 70 234 47 Delaware 138 11 0 11 79 528 41 78 52 5.2 D.C. 0 0 0 0 0 607 109 179 109 11 Florida 1,710 299 0 299 175 11,200 1,250 111 1,550 434

Georgia 1,320 100 0 100 75 5,150 594 115 693 125 Hawaii 53 8.5 1.4 9.9 189 1,060 126 119 136 68 Idaho 238 48 0 48 200 768 143 186 191 3.7 Illinois 1,370 115 0 115 84 10,100 904 90 1,020 102 Indiana 1,550 118 0 118 76 3,990 303 76 421 63

Iowa 682 45 0 45 67 2,090 138 66 183 73 Kansas 250 25 0 25 100 2,230 192 86 217 115 Kentucky 1,120 50 5.5 56 50 2,570 179 70 235 41 Louisiana 607 50 0 50 83 3,610 448 124 498 100 Maine 539 49 0 49 90 689 40 58 88 13

Maryland 843 70 0 70 83 3,940 414 105 484 48 Massachusetts 512 37 0 37 72 5,500 365 66 402 40 Michigan 1,690 123 .1 123 73 7,610 585 77 707 103 Minnesota 1,440 168 0 168 117 2,930 432 148 601 204 Mississippi 658 33 0 33 50 1,920 236 123 269 54

Missouri 1,030 62 0 62 60 4,090 348 85 410 114 Montana 204 15 .8 16 78 595 77 129 93 44 Nebraska 378 47 0 47 125 1,200 138 115 185 103 Nevada 82 9.6 .2 9.8 120 1,120 238 213 248 124 New Hampshire 415 27 0 27 65 694 49 71 76 11

New Jersey 911 68 0 68 75 6,820 511 75 580 106 New Mexico 308 24 0 24 78 1,210 163 135 187 109 New York 2,060 120 0 120 58 15,900 1,890 119 2,010 201 North Carolina 1,870 103 0 103 55 4,760 319 67 422 135 North Dakota 156 12 0 12 78 483 42 86 54 17

Ohio 1,790 131 2.7 134 75 9,060 455 50 589 88 Oklahoma 480 41 0 41 86 2,670 227 85 268 79 Oregon 622 57 7.6 64 104 2,220 246 111 311 81 Pennsylvania 2,720 141 0 141 52 9,160 570 62 711 71 Rhode Island 69 4.9 0 4.9 70 934 63 67 67 10

South Carolina 1,370 103 0 103 75 2,120 160 76 263 53 South Dakota 141 8.8 0 8.8 63 555 45 81 54 14 Tennessee 908 59 0 59 65 3,970 338 85 397 40 Texas 857 93 0 93 108 16,100 2,310 143 2,400 854 Utah 70 4.6 1.4 6.1 86 1,650 360 218 366 126

Vermont 230 17 0 17 72 333 27 80 43 6.5 Virginia 1,500 113 0 113 75 4,680 351 75 464 47 Washington 902 104 0 104 116 3,960 546 138 650 85 West Virginia 612 48 1.0 49 80 1,180 87 74 136 14 Wisconsin 1,490 90 0 90 61 3,410 179 52 269 54

Wyoming 114 8.1 .4 8.5 75 340 55 163 64 25 Puerto Rico 150 3.5 3.2 6.7 44 3,370 162 48 168 74 Virgin Islands 57 .2 1.4 1.6 28 44 1.0 23 2.6 .6 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Total 42,800 3,260 132 3,390 79 210,000 21,900 105 25,300 5,880


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Last modified: 2/15/95