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USGS personnel collect a water-quality sample on the Missouri River. USGS/Photo by Kelly Brady.


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Chapter A7. Biological Indicators

National Field Manual for the Collection of Water-Quality Data (TWRI Book 9)

7.1 Fecal Indicator Bacteria (Version 2.0, 2/2007 - includes minor updates) [1MB PDF]

By D.N. Myers, D.M. Stoeckel, R.N. Bushon, D.S. Francy, and A.M.G. Brady

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Abstract

Fecal indicator bacteria are used to assess the microbiological quality of water because, although not typically disease causing, they are correlated with the presence of several waterborne disease-causing organisms. The concentration of indicator bacteria is a measure of water safety for body-contact recreation or for consumption. This report provides information on the equipment, sampling protocols, and identification, enumeration, and calculation procedures that are in standard use by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) personnel for the collection of data on fecal indicator bacteria.

Contents

7.1 Fecal indicator bacteria

7.1.1 - Sampling equipment and equipment sterilization procedures

7.1.2 - Sample collection, preservation, storage, and holding times

7.1.3 - Identification and enumeration methods

7.1.4 - Calculating and reporting fecal indicator bacteria densities

7.1.5 - Selected references

7.1.6 - Acknowledgments

Comments/Errata page

 [Back] Return to Chapter A7 Biological Indicators Table of Contents

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Section 7.1 Archives

Citation for Section 7.1

Myers, D.N., Stoeckel, D.M., Bushon, R.N., Francy, D.S., and Brady, A.M.G., 2007, Fecal indicator bacteria (ver. 2.0): U.S. Geological Survey Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations, book 9, chap. A7, section 7.1, February, accessed __ list date __ from http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/twri9A/.

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