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USGS personnel collect a water-quality sample on the Missouri River. USGS/Photo by Kelly Brady.


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 [image: beaker]

National Field Manual for the Collection of Water-Quality Data (TWRI Book 9)

Chapter A2. Selection of Equipment for Water Sampling (Version 3.1, April 2014) [5.7 MB PDF]

Revised by Franceska D. Wilde, Mark W. Sandstrom, and Stanley C. Skrobialowski


This report is in pdf format. Download a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader for free.


Abstract

The National Field Manual for the Collection of Water-Quality Data (National Field Manual) describes protocols and provides guidelines for U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) personnel who collect data used to assess the quality of the Nation's surface-water and ground-water resources. This chapter of the manual addresses the selection of equipment commonly used by USGS personnel to collect and process water-quality samples.

Sections of Chapter A2:

Preface

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Introduction

Purpose and scope

Requirements and recommendations

Field manual review and revision

Chapter A2. Selection of Equipment for Water Sampling

2.0. Chemical compatibility with the water sample

2.0.1. Equipment materials

2.0.2. Disposable gloves

2.0.3. Blank water and chemical reagents

2.1. Sample collection

2.1.1. Surface-water equipment

2.1.1.A. Isokinetic depth-integrating samplers

Hand-held samplers

Cable-and-reel samplers

2.1.1.B. Nonisokinetic samplers

Open-mouth samplers

Thief samplers

Single-stage samplers

Automatic samplers and pumps

2.1.1.C. Support equipment

2.1.2. Ground-water equipment

2.1.2.A. Pumps

Supply-well pumps

Monitoring-well pumps

Well-development pumps

2.1.2.B. Bailers, thief samplers, and passive diffusion bag samplers

Bailers and thief samplers

Passive diffusion bag samplers

2.1.2.C. Support equipment

2.2. Sample processing

2.2.1. Sample splitters

2.2.1.A. Churn splitter

2.2.1.B. Cone splitter

2.2.2. Sample-processing chambers

2.2.3. Filtration systems

2.2.3.A. Inorganic constituents

Disposable capsule and disk filters

Plate-filter assemblies

2.2.3.B. Organic compounds

Valveless piston metering pump, tubing, and PTFE diaphragm pump head

Filtration equipment: samples of organic compounds for routine and DAI-LC/MSMS analyses and samples of organic carbon

Filter-membrane material

2.2.4. Pump tubing and tube connectors

2.3. Field vehicles

2.4. Lists of equipment and supplies

Conversion factors, selected terms and symbols, and abbreviations

Selected references and technical memorandums

Selected references

Selected technical memorandums of the U.S. Geological Survey, Water Mission Area

Appendix: Construction of a collapsible sample-processing/preservation chamber

 [Back] Return to Field Manual Table of Contents

For more information

Submit a question or comment related to this National Field Manual. For general water-quality questions, contact the USGS Office of Water Quality.

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Page Last Modified: Thursday, 01-May-2014 13:01:56 EDT