USGS - science for a changing world

USGS Groundwater Information: Branch of Geophysics

*  Home *  Resources *  Research *  Publications *  About *  Contact Us *  Groundwater Information

Near-surface site characterization using a combination of active and passive seismic arrays

John W. Lane, Jr. (jwlane@usgs.gov)
U.S. Geological Survey Office of Ground Water, Branch of Geophysics, Storrs, CT 06269, USA

Lanbo Liu (Lanbo.Liu@UConn.edu)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA

Yongping Chen
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA

Eric A. White
U.S. Geological Survey Office of Ground Water, Branch of Geophysics, Storrs, CT 06269, USA

Abstract

Seismic surveys with an active source are commonly used to characterize the subsurface. Increasingly, passive seismic surveys utilizing ambient seismic frequencies (microtremors) are being used to support geotechnical and hazards engineering studies. In this study, we use a combination of active and passive seismic methods to characterize a watershed site at Haddam Meadows State Park, Haddam, Connecticut. At Haddam Meadows, we employed a number of seismic arrays using both active and passive approaches to estimate the depth to rock and the seismic velocity structure of the unconsolidated sediments. The active seismic surveys included seismic refraction and multi-channel analysis of surface waves (MASW) using an accelerated weight-drop seismic source. The passive seismic surveys consisted of MASW techniques using both linear and circular geophone arrays, and a survey using a 3-component seismometer. The active seismic data were processed using conventional algorithms; the passive seismic data were processed using both the spatial autocorrelation method (SPAC) and the horizontal to vertical spectral ratio (H/V) method. The interpretations of subsurface structure from the active and passive surveys are generally in good agreement and compare favorably with ground truth information provided by adjacent boreholes. Our results suggest that a combination of active and passive seismic methods can be used to rapidly characterize the subsurface at the watershed scale.


Final copy as submitted to the American Geophysical Union for publication as: Lane, J.W., Jr.; Liu, Lanbo; Chen, Yongping; and White, E.A., 2007, Near-surface site characterization using a combination of active and passive seismic arrays: EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 88, no. 52, Fall Meeting Supplement, Abstract H13M-04.

USGS Home Water
Climate and Land Use Change Core Science Systems Ecosystems Energy and Minerals Environmental Health Natural Hazards

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/bgas/publications/AGU2007-Lane/index.html
Page Contact Information: Contact the OGW Branch of Geophysics
Page Last Modified: Thursday, 03-Jan-2013 20:03:32 EST