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 [ Image: 1DTempPro Logo ]

1DTempPro: A program for analysis of vertical one-dimensional (1D) temperature profiles


1DTempPro is a computer program for the analysis of one-dimensional vertical temperature profiles. The program is a graphical user interface (GUI) to the previously published USGS code VS2DH, which numerically solves the flow and heat-transport equations. The program allows users to visually calibrate VS2DH models against measured data to estimate vertical groundwater/surface-water exchange and also hydraulic conductivity for cases where hydraulic head is known. 1DTempPro is written in C# for execution in a MS Windows .NET environment.

 [ Image: Refer to Figure 1 caption text for explanation ]

Figure 1. (a) A schematic of data collection including a temperature probe with four sensors (colored dots) and a pair of piezometers, installed in a 3-layer streambed; (b) measurements of temperature (T), head difference (Δh = h1 h2) or q forcing for boundary conditions; (c) numerical model consisting of a single column of fully saturated finite-difference cells with layer-dependent properties; (d) comparison of modeled and observed data; and (e) optional automated parameter-estimation procedure, which involves minimizing the sum of the squared errors (SSE) by iteratively updating a selected system parameter and rerunning the model. (Source: Koch and others, 2015)

Release History

The current version of 1DTempPro is v.2.0 (July 23, 2015). 1DTempPro v2.0 has been tested for use on Windows 7 and Windows 8 operating systems. For a complete explanation of the changes in this release and a history of past releases, refer to:



Suggested Citation

Koch, F.W., Voytek, E.B., Day-Lewis, F.D., Healy, R., Briggs, M.A., Werkema, D., and Lane, J.W., Jr., 2015, 1DTempPro: A program for analysis of vertical one-dimensional (1D) temperature profiles v2.0: U.S. Geological Survey Software Release, 23 July 2015,

Superseded Versions

The previous version of 1DTempPro is no longer actively supported by the USGS. The software has been superseded by 1DTempPro version 2.0. The software version below is provided online for historical reference only, and may contain outdated information or broken links.

Example USGS Applications of 1DTempPro

Briggs, M.A., Lautz, L.K., Buckley, S.F., Lane, J.W., 2014, Practical limitations on the use of diurnal temperature signals to quantify groundwater upwelling [Link exits the USGS web site]: Journal of Hydrology, vol. 519, pp. 1739-1751.

Briggs, M.A., Voytek, E.B., Day-Lewis, F.D, Rosenberry, D.O., and Lane, J.W., 2013, Understanding Water Column and Streambed Thermal Refugia for Endangered Mussels in the Delaware River [Link exits the USGS web site]: Environmental Sciences and Technology: v. 47, no. 20, p. 11423-11431. doi:10.1021/es4018893.

Point of Contact

Support is provided for correcting bugs and clarification of how 1DTempPro is intended to work. Only limited assistance can be provided for applying 1DTempPro to specific problems by contacting the point of contact listed below:

Fred Day-Lewis
U.S. Geological Survey
Office of Groundwater, Branch of Geophysics
11 Sherman Place, Unit 5015
University of Connecticut
Storrs Mansfield, CT 06269
(860)487-7402 x11

Other USGS Groundwater Software

The USGS develops groundwater RSS, water-quality, surface-water, and other water-resources software for use by the USGS in fulfilling its mission. Most of this software is available online for download at no charge.

Disclaimers and Notices

Please refer to the USGS Software User Rights Notice for complete use, copyright, and distribution information. The USGS provides no warranty, expressed or implied, as to the correctness of the furnished software or the suitability for any purpose. The software has been tested, but as with any complex software, there could be undetected errors. Users who find errors are requested to report them to the USGS.

References to non-USGS products, trade names, and (or) services are provided for information purposes only and do not constitute endorsement or warranty, express or implied, by the USGS, U.S. Department of Interior, or U.S. Government, as to their suitability, content, usefulness, functioning, completeness, or accuracy.

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