National Research Program

You are here: NRP Home > Publications > Julio L. Betancourt

Publications for Julio L. Betancourt

View all NRP publications

2014Holmgren, C., Betancourt, J.L., Peñalba, C., Delgadillo, J., Hunter, K.L., Zuravnsky, Rylander, K.A., Weiss, J., 2014. Evidence against a Sonoran Desert Pleistocene refugium in the Lower Colorado River Basin/Gulf of California: Journal of Biogeography (Article first published online: 7 JUN 2014), DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12337
2014Webb, R.H., Betancourt, J.L., Turner, R.M., and Johnson, R.R., 2014, Requiem for the Santa Cruz—An environmental history of an Arizona River: Tucson, University of Arizona Press, 296 p. [get publication]
2014Wilder BT, Betancourt JL, Epps CW, Crowhurst RS, Mead JI, et al., 2014. Local Extinction and Unintentional Rewilding of Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) on a Desert Island. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91358. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091358 [get publication]
2013Ault, T.R, Henbry, G.M., de Beurs, K.M., Schwartz, M.D., Betancourt, J.L., and Moore, D. 2013. Lessons from the false spring of 2012, earliest on record in North America. EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union 94, 181-182, DOI: 10.1002/2013EO200001
2013Davies, T.J., Wolkovich, E.M., Kraft, N.J.B., Salamin N., Allen, JM, Ault, T.R., Betancourt, J.L., Bolmgren, K., Cleland, E.E., Cook B.I., Crimmins, T.M., Mazer, S.J., McCabe, G.J., McGill, B.J., Parmesan, C., Pau, S., Regetz, J., Schwartz, M.D., and Travers, S. 2013. Strong evidence for evolutionary inertia in plant phenological responses. Journal of Ecology  doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12154..
2013Frid, L., Holcombe, T., Morisette, J.T., Olsson, A.D., Brigham, L., Bean, T., Betancourt, J.L., and Bryan, K. 2013. Using state and transition modeling to account for imperfect knowledge in invasive species management. Invasive Plant Science and Management 6(1):36-47; DOI:
2013Pederson, G., Betancourt, J.L., McCabe, G.J. 2013. Regional patterns and proximal causes of the recent snowpack decline in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Geophysical Research Letters DOI: 10.1002/grl.50424.
2013Pierson, E.A., Turner, R.M., and Betancourt, J.L. 2013. Regional demographic trends from long-term studies of saguaro (Carnegiea gigantea) across the northern Sonoran Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 88, 57-69.
2013Powell, S.L., Hansen, A.J., Rodhouse, T.J., Garrett, Betancourt, J.L., L.K., Dicus, G.H., Lonneker, M.K. 2013. Woodland dynamics at the northern range periphery: A challenge for protected area managers. PLOS ONE 8(5) E70454.
2013Weppner, K.N., Pierce, J.L., and Betancourt, J.L. 2013. Holocene fire occurrence and alluvial responses at the leading edge of pinyon-juniper migration in the northern Great Basin, USA. Quaternary Research .
2012Belnap, J., Ludwig, J.A., Wilcox, B., Bestlemeyer, B., Betancourt, J.L., Dean, W.J.D., Milton, S.J. 2012. Introduced and invasive species in novel rangeland ecosystems: Friends or Foes? Journal of Rangeland Ecology & Management 65: 569-578, DOI: 10.2111/REM-D-11-00157.1.
2012Betancourt, J.L. 2012. Reflections on the relevance of history in a nonstationary world. In Wiens, J.A, Hayward, G.D., Safford, H.D., and Giffen, C. (Eds), Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management, Wiley-Blackwell, p. 307-318, DOI: 10.1002/9781118329726.ch23
2012Cook, B.I, Wolkovich, E.M., Davies, T.J., Ault, T.R., Allen, J., Betancourt, J.L., Bolmgren, Cleland, E.E., Crimmins, T.M., Kraft, N.J.B., Lancaster, L.T., Mazer, S.J., McGill, B.J., McCabe, G.J., Parmesan, C., Pau, S., Regetz, J., Salamin, N., Schwartz, M.D., Travers, S.E. 2012. Sensitivity of spring phenology to warming across temporal and spatial climate gradients in two independent databases. Ecosystems DOI: 10.1007/s10021-012-9584-5.
2012Díaz, Francisca P, Latorre, Claudio, Maldonado, Antonio, Quade, Jay, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2012, Rodent middens reveal episodic, long-distance plant colonizations across the hyperarid Atacama Desert over the last 34,000 years: Journal of Biogeography, v. 39, iss. 3, p. 510-525 LA - en. [get publication]
2012Neilson, J.W., Quade, J., Ortiz, M., Nelson, W.N., Legatzki, A., Tian, F., LaComb, M., Betancourt, J.L., Wing, R.A., Soderlund, S.A., Maier, R.M. 2012. Life at the Hyperarid Margin: Novel Bacterial Diversity in Arid Soils of the Atacama Desert, Chile. Extremophiles 16:553–566
2012Olsson, A., Betancourt, J.L., Marsh, S., Crimmins, M. 2012. Constancy of local spread rates for buffelgrass (Pennisetum ciliare L.) in the Arizona Upland of the Sonoran Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 87, 136-143.
2012Olsson, Aaryn D, Betancourt, Julio, McClaran, Mitchel P, and Marsh, Stuart E, 2012, Sonoran Desert Ecosystem transformation by a C4 grass without the grass/fire cycle: Diversity and Distributions, v. 18, iss. 1, p. 10-21 LA - en. [get publication]
2012Pigati, J.S., Latorre, C., Rech, J.A., Betancourt, J.L., Martinez, K.E., and Budahn, J.R. 2012. Accumulation of "impact markers" in desert wetlands and implications for the Younger Dryas impact hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
2012Reynolds, A.C., Quade, J., Betancourt, J.L. 2012. Strontium isotopes and nutrient sourcing in a semi-arid woodland. Geoderma 189-190, 574-584 (doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.06.029).
2012Schwartz, M.D., Ault, T.R., Betancourt, J.L. 2012. Spring onset variations and trends in the continental USA: Past and regional assessment using temperature-based indices. International Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.3625.
2012Schwartz, M.L., Betancourt, J.L., Weltzin, J. 2012. From Caprio’s Lilacs to the U.S.A. National Phenology Network. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10, 324–327, doi:10.1890/110281
2012Weiss, J.L., Betancourt, J.L., Overpeck, J.T. 2012. Climatic limits on foliar phenology during major droughts in the southwestern U.S.A. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences v.117, G03031, doi:10.1029/2012JG001993.
2012Wolkovich, E.M., Cook, B.I., Allen, J.M., Crimmins, T.M., Travers, S., Pau, S. Davies, T.J., Ault, T., Betancourt, J.L., Bolmgren, K., Kraft, N.J.B., Lancaster, L., Mazer, S.J., McCabe, G.J.,McGill, B.J., Parmesan, C., Regetz, J., Salamin, N., Schwartz, M.D., & Cleland, E.E. 2012. Warming experiments under-predict plant phenological responses to climate change, Nature doi:10.1038/nature11014
2011Ault, Toby R, Macalady, Alison K, Pederson, Gregory T, Betancourt, Julio L, and Schwartz, Mark D, 2011, Northern Hemisphere Modes of Variability and the Timing of Spring in Western North America: Journal of Climate, v. 24, iss. 15, p. 4003-4014. [get publication]
2011Holmgren, Camille A, Betancourt, Julio L, and Rylander, Kate A, 2011, Vegetation history along the eastern, desert escarpment of the Sierra San Pedro Mártir, Baja California, Mexico: Quaternary Research, v. 75, iss. 3, p. 647-657. [get publication]
2011McCabe, Gregory J, Ault, Toby R, Cook, Benjamin I, Betancourt, Julio L, and Schwartz, Mark D, 2011, Influences of the El Niño Southern Oscillation and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on the timing of the North American spring: International Journal of Climatology, p. n/a-n/a LA - en. [get publication]
2011Pau, Stephanie, Wolkovich, Elizabeth M, Cook, Benjamin I, Davies, T Jonathan, Kraft, Nathan J B, Bolmgren, Kjell, Betancourt, Julio L, and Cleland, Elsa E, 2011, Predicting phenology by integrating ecology, evolution and climate science: Global Change Biology, v. 17, iss. 12, p. 3633-3643 LA - en. [get publication]
2011Pederson, Gregory T, Gray, Stephen T, Woodhouse, Connie A, Betancourt, Julio L, Fagre, Daniel B, Littell, Jeremy S, Watson, Emma, Luckman, Brian H, and Graumlich, Lisa J, 2011, The Unusual Nature of Recent Snowpack Declines in the North American Cordillera: Science, v. 333, iss. 6040, p. 332-335. [get publication]
2010Butterfield, Bradley J, Betancourt, Julio L, Turner, Raymond M, and Briggs, John M, 2010, Facilitation drives 65 years of vegetation change in the Sonoran Desert: Ecology, v. 91, iss. 4, p. 1132-9. [get publication]
2010Henebry, Geoffrey M, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2010, Toward a U.S. National Phenological Assessment: Third USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN) and Research Coordination Network (RCN) Annual Meeting; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 5–9 October 2009: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, v. 91, iss. 1. [get publication]
2010Holmgren, Camille A, Betancourt, Julio L, and Rylander, Kate A, 2010, A long-term vegetation history of the Mojave–Colorado desert ecotone at Joshua Tree National Park: Journal of Quaternary Science, v. 25, iss. 2, p. 222-236 LA - en. [get publication]
2009Hereford, R, and Betancourt, J L, 2009, Historic geomorphology of the San Pedro River: archival and physical evidence in Stromberg: Ecology and Conservation of Desert Riparian Ecosystems: The San Pedro River Example: University of Arizona Press.
2009Jackson, S T, Betancourt, J L, Booth, R K, and Gray, S T, 2009, Colloquium Papers: Ecology and the ratchet of events: Climate variability, niche dimensions, and species distributions: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 106, iss. Supplement_2, p. 19685-19692. [get publication]
2009Placzek, Christa, Quade, Jay, Betancourt, Julio L, Patchett, P Jonathan, Rech, Jason A, Latorre, Claudio, Matmon, Ari, Holmgren, Camille, and English, Nathan B, 2009, CLIMATE IN THE DRY CENTRAL ANDES OVER GEOLOGIC, MILLENNIAL, AND INTERANNUAL TIMESCALES1: Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, v. 96, iss. 3, p. 386-397. [get publication]
2008Holmgren, C A, Rosello, E, Latorre, C, and Betancourt, J L, 2008, Late-Holocene fossil rodent middens from the Arica region of northernmost Chile: Journal of Arid Environments, v. 72, iss. 5, p. 677-686. [get publication]
2008McCabe, Gregory J, Betancourt, Julio L, Gray, Stephen T, Palecki, Michael A, and Hidalgo, Hugo G, 2008, Associations of multi-decadal sea-surface temperature variability with US drought: Quaternary International, v. 188, iss. 1, p. 31-40. [get publication]
2008Milly, P C D, Betancourt, Julio L, Falkenmark, Malin, Hirsch, Robert M, Kundzewicz, Zbigniew W, Lettenmaier, Dennis P, and Stouffer, Ronald J, 2008, Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management?: Science, v. 319, p. 573-574. [get publication]
2008Quade, Jay, Rech, Jason A, Betancourt, Julio L, Latorre, Claudio, Quade, Barbra, Rylander, Kate Aasen, and Fisher, Timothy, 2008, Paleowetlands and regional climate change in the central Atacama Desert, northern Chile: Quaternary Research, v. 69, iss. 3, p. 343-360. [get publication]
2008Safford, Hugh D, Betancourt, Julio L, Hayward, Gregory D, Wiens, John A, and Regan, Claudia M, 2008, Land Management in the Anthropocene: Is History Still Relevant?: Incorporating Historical Ecology and Climate Change Into Land Management; Lansdowne, Virginia, 22–25 April 2008: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, v. 89, iss. 37. [get publication]
2007Betancourt, Julio L, Schwartz, Mark D, Breshears, David D, Brewer, Carol A, Frazer, Gary, Gross, John E, Mazer, Susan J, Reed, Bradley C, and Wilson, Bruce E, 2007, Evolving plans for the USA National Phenology Network: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, v. 88, iss. 19. [get publication]
2007Gray, Stephen T, Graumlich, Lisa J, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2007, Annual precipitation in the Yellowstone National Park region since AD 1173: Quaternary Research, v. 68, iss. 1, p. 18-27. [get publication]
2007Holmgren, Camille A, Norris, Jodi, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2007, Inferences about winter temperatures and summer rains from the late Quaternary record of C4 perennial grasses and C3 desert shrubs in the northern Chihuahuan Desert: Journal of Quaternary Science, v. 22, iss. 2, p. 141-161 LA - en. [get publication]
2007McCabe, G J, Palecki, M A, Betancourt, J L, 2007, Proceedings of the Pacific Climate, (PACLIM) workshop, influenences on multi-decadal drought frequency in the conterminous United States: p. 69-73.
2007McCabe, Gregory J, Betancourt, Julio L, and Hidalgo, Hugo G, 2007, Associations of Decadal to Multidecadal Sea-Surface Temperature Variability with Upper Colorado River Flow1: JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 43, iss. 1, p. 183-192 LA - en. [get publication]
2007Quade, Jay, Rech, Jason A, Latorre, Claudio, Betancourt, Julio L, Gleeson, Erin, and Kalin, Mary T K, 2007, Soils at the hyperarid margin: The isotopic composition of soil carbonate from the Atacama Desert, Northern Chile: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 71, iss. 15, p. 3772-3795. [get publication]
2006Drees, Kevin P, Neilson, Julia W, Betancourt, Julio L, Quade, Jay, Henderson, David A, Pryor, Barry M, and Maier, Raina M, 2006, Bacterial Community Structure in the Hyperarid Core of the Atacama Desert, Chile: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 72, iss. 12, p. 7902-7908. [get publication]
2006Gray, Stephen T, Betancourt, Julio L, Jackson, Stephen T, and Eddy, Robert G, 2006, Role of multidecadal climate variability in a range extension of pinyon pine.: Ecology, v. 87, iss. 5, p. 1124-1130. [get publication]
2006Holmgren, Camille A, Betancourt, Julio L, and Rylander, Kate A, 2006, A 36,000-yr vegetation history from the Peloncillo Mountains, southeastern Arizona, USA: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 240, iss. 3–4, p. 405-422. [get publication]
2006Keeley, J E, Allen, C D, Betancourt, J L, Chong, G W, Fotheringham, C J, and Safford, H D, 2006, A 21st century perspective on postfire seeding: Journal of Forestry, v. 104, p. 103-104.
2006Latorre, Claudio, Betancourt, Julio L, and Arroyo, Mary T K, 2006, Late Quaternary vegetation and climate history of a perennial river canyon in the Río Salado basin (22°S) of Northern Chile: Quaternary Research, v. 65, iss. 3, p. 450-466. [get publication]
2006Norris, Jodi R, Jackson, Stephen T, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2006, Classification tree and minimum-volume ellipsoid analyses of the distribution of ponderosa pine in the western USA: Journal of Biogeography, v. 33, iss. 2, p. 342-360. [get publication]
2006Parks, J A, Dean, J S, and Betancourt, J L, 2006, Tree rings, drought and the Pueblo abandonment in south-central New Mexico during the 1670s: Press.
2006Smith, Felisa A, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2006, Predicting woodrat (Neotoma) responses to anthropogenic warming from studies of the palaeomidden record: Journal of Biogeography, v. 33, iss. 12, p. 2061-2076. [get publication]
2005Betancourt, Julio L, Schwartz, Mark D, Breshears, David D, Cayan, Daniel R, Dettinger, Michael D, Inouye, David W, Post, Eric, and Reed, Bradley C, 2005, Implementing a U.S. National Phenology Network: Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, v. 86, iss. 51. [get publication]
2005Jackson, Stephen T, Betancourt, Julio L, Lyford, Mark E, Gray, Stephen T, and Rylander, Kate Aasen, 2005, A 40,000-year woodrat-midden record of vegetational and biogeographical dynamics in north-eastern Utah, USA: Journal of Biogeography, v. 32, iss. 6, p. 1085-1106. [get publication]
2005Latorre, C L, Betancourt, J L, Rech, J A, Quade, J, Holmgren, C, Placzek, C P, Vuille, M, 2005, Rylander K A, Late Quaternary history of the Atacama Desert: p. 73-90.
2005Maldonado, A, Betancourt, J L, Latorre, C, Villagran, C, 2005, analyses from a 50,000-yr rodent midden series in the southern Atacama Desert (25º30'S: Journal of Quaternary Science, v. 20, p. 493-507.
2005Reynolds, Amanda C, Betancourt, Julio L, Quade, Jay, Jonathan Patchett, P, Dean, Jeffrey S, and Stein, John, 2005, 87Sr/86Sr sourcing of ponderosa pine used in Anasazi great house construction at Chaco Canyon, New Mexico: Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 32, iss. 7, p. 1061-1075. [get publication]
2004Barclay, A D, Betancourt, J L, and Allen, C D, 2004, Effects of seeding ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) on vegetation recovery following fire in a ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) forest*: International Journal of Wildland Fire, v. 13, iss. 2, p. 183-194. [get publication]
2004Betancourt J L, 2004, Arid lands paleobiogeography: The fossil rodent midden record in the Americas: p. 27-46.
2004Gray, Stephen T, Fastie, Christopher L, Jackson, Stephen T, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2004, Tree-Ring-Based Reconstruction of Precipitation in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, since 1260 a.d: Journal of Climate, v. 17, iss. 19, p. 3855-3865. [get publication]
2004Gray, Stephen T, Graumlich, Lisa J, Betancourt, Julio L, and Pederson, Gregory T, 2004, A tree-ring based reconstruction of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since 1567 A.D.: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 31, iss. 12. [get publication]
2004Gray, Stephen T, Jackson, Stephen T, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2004, TREE-RING BASED RECONSTRUCTIONS OF INTERANNUAL TO DECADAL SCALE PRECIPITATION VARIABILITY FOR NORTHEASTERN UTAH SINCE 1226 A.D.1: JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 40, iss. 4, p. 947-960 LA - en. [get publication]
2004Maier, R M, Drees, K P, Neilson, J W, Henderson, D A, Quade, J, and Betancourt, J L, 2004, Microbial life in the Atacama Desert (letter: Science, v. 306, p. 1-289.
2004McCabe, Gregory J, Palecki, Michael A, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2004, Pacific and Atlantic Ocean influences on multidecadal drought frequency in the United States: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v. 101, iss. 12, p. 4136-4141. [get publication]
2003Betancourt, J L, Grissino-Mayer, H D, Salzer, M W, and Swetnam, T W, 2003, Reply to Genty and Baker: Quaternary Research, v. 59.
2003Gray, Stephen T, Betancourt, Julio L, Fastie, Christopher L, and Jackson, Stephen T, 2003, Patterns and sources of multidecadal oscillations in drought-sensitive tree-ring records from the central and southern Rocky Mountains: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 30, iss. 6. [get publication]
2003Hofreiter, Michael, Betancourt, Julio L, Sbriller, Alicia Pelliza, Markgraf, Vera, and McDonald, H.Gregory, 2003, Phylogeny, diet, and habitat of an extinct ground sloth from Cuchillo Curá, Neuquén Province, southwest Argentina: Quaternary Research, v. 59, iss. 3, p. 364-378. [get publication]
2003Holmgren, Camille A, Peñalba, M.Cristina, Rylander, Kate Aasen, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2003, A 16,000 14C yr B.P. packrat midden series from the USA–Mexico Borderlands: Quaternary Research, v. 60, iss. 3, p. 319-329. [get publication]
2003Latorre, Claudio, Betancourt, Julio L, Rylander, Kate A, Quade, Jay, and Matthei, Oscar, 2003, A vegetation history from the arid prepuna of northern Chile (22–23°S) over the last 13 500 years: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 194, iss. 1–3, p. 223-246. [get publication]
2003Lyford, M E, Jackson, S T, Betancourt, J L, and Gray, S, 2003, Influence of landscape structure and climate variability in a late Holocene natural invasion: Ecological Monographs: v. 73, p. 567-583.
2003Milne, B T, Moore, D I, Betancourt, J L, Parks, J A, and Pockman, W T, 2003, Multidecadal drought cycles in south-central New Mexico: Patterns and consequences in Greenland: .
2003Rech, Jason A, Pigati, Jeffrey S, Quade, Jay, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2003, Re-evaluation of mid-Holocene deposits at Quebrada Puripica, northern Chile: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 194, iss. 1–3, p. 207-222. [get publication]
2003Smith, Felisa A, and Betancourt, Julio L, 2003, The effect of Holocene temperature fluctuations on the evolution and ecology of Neotoma (woodrats) in Idaho and northwestern Utah: Quaternary Research, v. 59, iss. 2, p. 160-171. [get publication]