National Research Program


Characterization of Biotic and Biogeochemical Interactions at Environmental Interfaces

Recent increases in the atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and methane have emphasized the need for a more complete understanding of the processes that control carbon transfer among air, land, and water. Knowledge of the amount, rate and chemical form of carbon transfer across environmental interfaces, such as the land-air and water-air interfaces, is of particular importance. These fluxes are commonly controlled by a combination of physical, biological, and chemical processes at or near the interface. Isolation of the primary mechanisms that determine carbon transfer across the interface allows for development of process-based models that can be used for carbon mass transfer estimates at the ecosystem or landscape scale. This knowledge is also useful for prediction of the long-term effects of land- or water-use change on carbon mass transfer rates. Objectives of this project are to: characterize and quantify the carbon transfers that naturally occur across environmental interfaces, and isolate the physical, biological and chemical controls of those fluxes; evaluate the effects of environmental change on the observed interactions; and develop process based models that explain field and laboratory observations.

REPORTS PUBLISHED 2003-2012

Frederick, Z., Anderson, S.P., and Striegl, R.G., in press (web publication 10/7/11), Annual estimates of water and solute export from 42 tributaries to the Yukon River: Hydrological Processes. (on-line abstract of journal preprint)

Holmes, R.M., McClelland, J.W., Peterson, B.J., Tank, S.E., Bulygina, E., Eglinton, T.I., Gordeev, V.V., Gurtovaya, T.Y., Raymond, P.A., Repeta, D.J., Staples, R., Striegl, R.G., Zhulidov, A.V., and Zimov, S.A, 2012 (web publication 3/2/11), Seasonal and annual fluxes of nutrients and organic matter from large rivers to the Arctic Ocean and surrounding seas: Estuaries and Coasts, v. 35, no. 2, p. 369-382. doi: 10.1007/s12237-011-9386. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Minsley, B.J., Abraham, J.D., Smith, B.D., Cannia, J.C., Voss, C.I., Jorgenson, M.T.,. Walvoord, M.A., Wylie, B.K., Anderson, L., Ball, L.B., Deszcz-Pan, M., Wellman T.P., and Ager, T.A., 2012, Airborne geophysical mapping of discontinuous permafrost: Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L02503, doi:10.1029/2011GL050079. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Stubbins, A., Hood, E., Raymond, P.A., Aiken, G.R., Sleighter, R.L., Hernes, P.J., Butman, D., Hatcher, P.G., Striegl, R.G., Schuster, P., Abdulla, H.A.N., Vermilyea, A.W., Scott, D.T., and Spencer R.G.M., 2012, Anthropogenic aerosols as a source of ancient dissolved organic matter in glaciers, Nature Geosciences, v. 5, no. 3, p. 198-201. doi:10.1038/NGEO1403 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Grosse, G., Harden, J., Turetsky, M., McGuire, A.D., Camill, P., Tarnocai, C.,. Frolking, S., Schuur, E.A.G. Jorgenson, T., Marchenko, S., Romanovsky, V., Wickland, K.P., N. French, N., Waldrop, M.,. Bourgeau-Chavez, L., and Striegl, R.G., 2011, Vulnerability of high-latitude soil organic carbon in North America to disturbance: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 116, G00K06, doi:10.1029/2010JG001507 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Herman-Mercer, N., Schuster, P.F., and Maracle, K.B., 2011, Indigenous Observations of Climate Change in the Lower Yukon River Basin, Alaska: Human Organization, v. 70, no. 3, p. 244-252. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Naftz, D.L., Schuster, P.F., and Johnson, C.A., A 50-year record of NOx and SO2 sources in precipitation in the Northern Rocky Mountains, USA: Geochemical Transactions, v. 12 , article no. 4. doi:10.1186/1467-4866-12-4 (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 995 KB, an open-access journal)

Pellerin, B.A., Bergamaschi, B.A., Murdoch, P.S., Downing, B.D.,  Saraceno, John Franco, Aiken, G.R., and Striegl, R.G., 2011, The aquatic real-time monitoring network - in-situ optical sensors for monitoring the Nation’s water quality: U.S.Geological Survey Factsheet 2011-3061. (on-line abstract or on-line fact sheet in pdf format, 2.2 MB)

Riggins, S., Striegl, R., and McHale, M., 2011, A whole ecosystem approach to studying climate change in interior Alaska, EOS, v. 92, n.18, p. 155. (on-line abstact of article)

Schuster, P.F., Striegl , R.G., Aiken , G.R., Krabbenhoft , D.P., DeWild , J.F., Butler , K., Kamark , B., and Dornblaser, M., 2011, Mercury Export from the Yukon River Basin and Potential Response to a Changing Climate: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 45, no. 21, p. 9262-9267. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 1856 KB, published by the American Chemical Society, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Schuster, P.F., Thomas, C., and Maracle, K.B., 2011, The Yukon River Basin active layer network - A cooperative project between the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council and the U.S. Geological Survey: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3040, 4 p. (on-line abstract or on-line fact sheet in pdf format, 6.58 MB)

Striegl, R., del Giorgio, P., Karlsson, J., Tranvik, L., and Prairie, Y., 2011, Role of aquatic networks in the boreal carbon cycle: Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin, v. 20, no.18, p.36-37.

Schuster, P.F., and Maracle, K.B., 2010, Studies of Climate Change in the Yukon River Basin: Connecting Community and Science Through a Unique Partnership: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2010-3020. (on-line fact sheet in pdf format, 4.3 MB)

Schuster, P.F., Maracle, K.B., and Herman-Mercer, Nicole, 2010, Water quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, water years 2006–2008: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010–1241, 220 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 2.9 MB)

Stets, E.G., Striegl, R.G., and Aiken, G.R., 2010, Dissolved organic carbon export and internal cycling in small, headwater lakes: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 24, GB4008, doi:10.1029/2010GB003815. (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format, 526 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Stets, E.G., Winter, T.C., Rosenberry, D.O., and Striegl, R.G., 2010, Quantification of surface water and groundwater flows to open- and closed-basin lakes in a headwaters watershed using a descriptive oxygen stable isotope models: Water Resources Research, v. 46, W03515, doi:10.1029/2009WR007793 (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format, 595 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Zhu, Z., ed., Bergamaschi, B., Bernknopf, R., Clow, D., Dye, D., Faulkner, S., Forney, W., Gleason, R., Hawbaker, T., Liu, J., Liu, S., Prisley, S., Reed, B., Reeves, M., Rollins, M., Sleeter, B., Sohl, T., Stackpoole, S., Stehman, S., Striegl, R., Wein, A., and Zhu, Z., 2010, Public review draft: A method for assessing carbon stocks, carbon sequestration, and greenhouse-gas fluxes in ecosystems of the United States under present conditions and ruture scenarios: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1144, 195 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 6.5 MB)

Brabets, T.P., and Walvoord, M.A., 2009, Trends in streamflow in the Yukon River Basin from 1944 to 2005 and the influence of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation: Journal of Hydrology, v. 371, no. 1-4, p. 108-119. (on-line abstract of journal article)  

Dornblaser, M.M., and Striegl, R.G., 2009, Suspended sediment and carbonate transport in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska: Fluxes and potential future responses to climate change: Water Resources Research, v. 45, W06411, doi:10.1029/2008WR007546. (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format, 1005 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to US copyright)

Riggs, A.C., Stannard, D.I., Maestas, F.B., Karlinger, M.R., and Striegl, R.G., 2009, Soil CO2 flux in the Amargosa Desert, Nevada, during the El Niño 1998 and La Niña 1999: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5061, 25 p. (on-line abstract or on-line publication in pdf format, 28.3 MB)

Spencer, R., Aiken G., Butler, K., Dornblaser M., Striegl R., Hernes, P., 2009, Utilizing chromophoric dissolved organic matter measurements to derive export and reactivity of dissolved organic carbon exported to the Arctic Ocean: A case study of the Yukon River, Alaska, 2009, Geophysical Research Letters, v. 34, L12402, doi:10.1029/2008GL036831. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Stets, E.G., Striegl, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Rosenberry, D.O., and Winter, T.C., 2009, Hydrologic support of carbon dioxide flux revealed by whole-lake carbon budgets, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 114, G01008, doi:10.1029/2008JG000783. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Tranvik, L.J., Downing, J.A., Cotner, J.B., Loiselle, S.A., Striegl, R.G., Ballatore, T.J., Dillon, P., Finlay, K., Fortino, K., Knoll, L.B., Kortelainen, P.L., Kutser,T., Larsen,S., Laurion, I., Leech, D.M., McCallister,S.L., McKnight,D.M., Melack, J.M., Overholt, E., Porter, J.A., Prairie, Y., Renwick, W.H., Roland, F., Sherman, B.S., Schindler, D.W., Sobek, S., Tremblay, A., Vanni, M.J., Verschoor, A.M., von Wachenfeldt, E., and Weyhenmeyera, G.A., 2009, Lakes and reservoirs as regulators of carbon cycling and climate: Limnology andOceanography, v. 54, no. 6, part 2, 2298-2314. (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format, 1271 KB, published by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc. with open access)

Amundson, R., Ewing, S., Dietrich, W., Sutter, B., Owen, J., Chadwick, O., Nishiizumi, K., Walvoord, M., and McKay, C., 2008, On the in situ aqueous alteration of soils on Mars: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 72, no. 15, p. 3845-3864. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Downing, J.A., Cole, J. J., Middelburg, J.J., Striegl, R.G., Duarte, C.M., Kortelainen, P., Prairie, Y.T., and Laube, K.A., 2008, Sediment organic carbon burial in agriculturally eutrophic impoundments over the last century: Global Biogeochem. Cycles, v. 22, GB1018, doi:10.1029/2006GB002854 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Duarte, C.T., Prairie, Y.T., Montes, C., Cole, J.J., Striegl, R.G. Melack, J., and Downing., J.A., 2008, CO2 emissions from saline lakes: A global estimate of a surprisingly large flux: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, G04041, doi:10.1029/2007JG000637. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Gurdak, J.J., Walvoord, M.A., and McMahon, P.B., 2008. Susceptibility to enhanced chemical migration from depression-focused preferential flow, High Plains Aquifer: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 7, p. 1172-1184. (on-line abstract of journal article)

McClelland, J.W., Holmes, R.M., Peterson, B.J., Amon, R., Brabets, T., Cooper, L.,. Gibson, J., Gordeev, V.V., Guay, C.,. Milburn, D., Staples, R., Raymond, P.A., Shiklomanov, I., Striegl, R., Zhulidov, A., and Gurtovaya, T., 2008, Development of a Pan-Arctic Database for River Chemistry: EOS, v. 89, n. 24, p. 217-218.

Spencer, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., and Hernes, P.J., 2008, Seasonal and spatial variability in dissolved organic matter quantity and composition from the Yukon River basin, Alaska: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 22, GB4002, doi:10.1029/2008GB003231. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Walvoord, M.A., Andraski, B.J., Krabbenhoft, D.P., and Striegl, R.G., 2008, Transport of elemental mercury in the unsaturated zone from a waste disposal site in an arid region: Applied Geochemistry, v. 23, p. 572–583, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.12.014. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Cole, J.J., Prairie, Y.T., Caraco, N.F., McDowell, W.H., Tranvik, L.J., Striegl, R.G., Duarte, C.M., Kortelainen, P., Downing, J.A., Middleburg, J.J., and Melack, J., 2007, Plumbing the global carbon cycle: Integrating inland waters into the terrestrial carbon budget: Ecosystems, v. 10, no. 1, p. 172-185. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-006-9013-8. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Halm, D.R., and Dornblaser, M.M., 2007, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River and its tributaries between Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, and Eagle, Alaska, USA, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1197, 120 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 16.8 MB)

Dornblaser, M.M., and Striegl R.G., 2007, Nutrient (N, P) loads and yields at multiple scales and subbasin types in the Yukon River basin, Alaska: Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2006JG000366. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 564 kb, published in 2007 by American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Halm, D.R., and Dornblaser, M.M., 2007, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River and its tributaries between Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, and Eagle, Alaska, USA, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1197, 120 p.

Raymond, P. A., McClelland, J.W.,. Holmes, R.M., Zhulidov, A.V., Mull, K., Peterson, B.J., Striegl, R.G.,. Aiken, G.R., and Gurtovaya, T.Y., 2007, Flux and age of dissolved organic carbon exported to the Arctic Ocean: A carbon isotopic study of the five largest arctic rivers: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 21, GB4011, doi:10.1029/2007GB002934. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Stonestrom, D.A., Prudic, D.E., Walvoord, M.A., Abraham, J.D., Stewart-Deaker, A.E., Glancy, P.A., Constantz, J., Laczniak, R.J., and Andraski., B.J., 2007, Focused ground-water recharge in the Amargosa Desert Basin, in Stonestrom, D.A., Constantz, J., Ferre, T.P.A., and Leake, S.A., eds., Ground-water recharge in the arid and semiarid southwestern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1703-E, p. 107-136. (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format, 19.2 MB)

Striegl, R.G., Dornblaser, M.M., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., and Raymond, P.A., 2007, Carbon export and cycling by the Yukon, Tanana, and Porcupine Rivers, Alaska, 2001-2005, Water Resources Research v. 43, W02411, doi:10.1029/2006WR005201 (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 564 kb, published 2007 by American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Rao, B.A., Anderson, T.A., Orris, G.J., Rajagopalan, S., Sandvig, R.M., Scanlon, B.R., Stonestrom, D.A., Walvoord, M.A., and Jackson, W.A., 2007, Widespread natural perchlorate in unsaturated zones of the southwest US:  Environmental Science & Technology, v. 41, p. 4522-4528. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Walvoord, M.A., and Striegl, R.G., 2007, Increased groundwater to stream discharge from permafrost thawing in the Yukon River basin: Potential impacts on lateral export of carbon and nitrogen: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 34, L12402, doi:10.1029/2007GL030216. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 457 KB, published 2007 by American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Dornblaser, Mark M. and D.R. Halm, eds., 2006, Water and sediment quality of the Yukon River and its tributaries, from Eagle to St. Marys, Alaska, 2002-2003: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1228, 201 p., Boulder, CO. (on-line abstract or on line report in pdf format, 18 MB)

Downing, J.A., Prairie, Y.T., Cole, J.J., Duarte, C.M., Tranvik, L.J., Striegl, R.G., McDowell, W.H., Kortelainen, P., Caraco, N.F., Melack, J.M., and Middelburg, J.J., 2006, The global abundance and size distribution of lakes, ponds, and impoundments: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 51, no. 5, p. 2388-2397. (on-line abstract of journal article)

King, S.A., Behnke, S., Slack, K., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Nordstrom, D.K., Burr, M.D. and Striegl, R.G., 2006, Mercury in water and biomass of microbial communities in hot springs of Yellowstone National Park, USA: Applied Geochemistry, v. 21, p.1,868-1,879. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Kwicklis, E., Wolfsberg, A., Stauffer, P., Walvoord, M., and Sully, M., 2006, Multiphase, multicomponent parameter estimation for liquid and vapor fluxes in deep arid systems using hydrologic data and natural environmental tracers: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 5, p. 934-950, doi:10.2136/vzj2006.0021. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Striegl, R.G. and Dornblaser, M.M.,, 2006, Dissolved gases and dissolved inorganic carbon, in Schuster, P.F., ed., 2006, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1258, chapt. 6, p. 45-46. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Neff, J.C., and Sachs, T., 2006, Effects of permafrost melting on CO2 and CH4 exchange of a poorly drained black spruce lowland: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 111, G02011, doi:10.1029/2005JG000099. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Striegl, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Dornblaser, M.M., Raymond, P.A., and Wickland, K.P., 2005, A decrease in discharge-normalized DOC export by the Yukon River during summer through autumn: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 32, L21413, doi:10.1029/2005GL024413. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Striegl, R.G. and Dornblaser, M.M.,, 2005, Dissolved gases and dissolved inorganic carbon, in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2005-1199, p. 56-57.

Striegl, R.G. and Dornblaser, M.M.,, 2005, Dissolved gases and dissolved inorganic carbon, in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2003: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1397, p. 49-50. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Walvoord, M.A., Striegl, R.G., Prudic, D.E., and Stonestrom, D.A., 2005, CO2 dynamics in the Amargosa Desert: Fluxes and isotopic speciation in a deep unsaturated zone: Water Resources Research, v. 41, no 2. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Phillips, F.M., Walvoord, M.A., and Small, E.E., 2004, Effects of environmental change on groundwater recharge in the desert southwest, in Hogan, J.F, Phillips, F.M, and Scanlon, B.R., eds., Groundwater recharge in a desert environment---The southwestern United States: American Geophysical Union Water Science and Applications Series, v. 9, p. 273-294.

Stonestrom, D.A., Abraham, J.D., Andraski, B.J., Baker, R.J., Mayers, C.J., Michel, R.L., Prudic, D.E., Striegl, R.G., and Walvoord, M.A., 2004, Monitoring radionuclide contamination in the unsaturated zone - lessons learned at the Amargosa Desert Research Site, Nye County, Nevada, Workshop on Long-term Performance Monitoring of Metals and Radionuclides in the Subsurface, Rston, VA, April 21-22, 2004: Tallahassee, Florida State University. (on-line paper in pdf format)

Walvoord, M.A., Phillips, F.M., Stonestrom, D.A., Evans, R.D., Hartsough, P.C., Newman, B.D., and Striegl, R.G., 2004, Response to comment on "A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils": Science, v. 304, p. 51c. (on-line response)

Walvoord, M.A., and Scanlon, B.R., 2004, Hydrologic processes in deep vadose zones in interdrainage arid environments, in Hogan, J.F, Phillips, F.M, and Scanlon, B.R., eds., Groundwater recharge in a desert environment---The southwestern United States: American Geophysical Union Water Science and Applications Series, v. 9, p. 15-28.

Walvoord, M.A., and Stonestrom, D.A., 2004, Enhanced gas-phase transport in a deep unsaturated zone, Amargosa Desert (U.S.A), Proceedings of the International Conference on Finite-Element Models -- MODFLOW and More, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic, September 13-16, 2004: Fontainebleau, France, International Association of Hydrologic Sciences (published on CD-ROM).

Walvoord, M.A., Stonestrom, D.A., Andraski, B.J., and Striegl, R.G., 2004, Constraining the inferred paleohydrologic evolution of a deep unsaturated zone in the Amargosa Desert: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 3, p. 502-512. (on-line abstract)

Clow, D.W., Sickman, J.O., Striegl, R.G., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Elliott, J.G., Dornblaser, M., Roth, D.A., and Campbell, D.H., 2003, Changes in the chemistry of lakes and precipitation in high-elevation national parks in the western United States, 1985 -1999: Water Resources Research, v. 39, no. 6, 1171, doi:10.1029/2002WR001533, 2003 (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 2557 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Leland, H.V., 2003, The influence of water depth and flow regime on phytoplankton bio-mass and community structure in a shallow, lowland river: Hydrobiologia, v. 506, n. 1, p. 247-255. (on-line abstract)

Striegl, R.G., and Dornblaser, M.M., 2003, Dissolved gases and dissolved inorganic carbon, in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-427, p. 41-42.

Walvoord,M.A., Phillips, F.M., Stonestrom, D.A., Evans, R.D., Hartsough, P.C., Newman, B.D., and Striegl, R.G., 2003, A reservoir of nitrate beneath desert soils: Science, v. 302, no. 5647, p. 1021-1024. (on-line abstract or full text)


FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THIS PROJECT, CONTACT:
Robert G. Striegl
U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 25046, MS413, Denver Federal Center, Lakewood, CO, 80225-0046
Email: rstriegl@usgs.gov
Telephone: 303-236-4993

  • Paul F. Schuster (professional profile)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 3215 Marine St., Boulder, CO 80303
    Email:pschuste@usgs.gov
    Telephone: 303-541-3052

    Michelle A. Walvoord (professional profile)
    U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 25046, MS413, Denver Federal Center, Lakewood, CO, 80225-0046
    Email: walvoord@usgs.gov
    Telephone: 303-236-4998

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