National Research Program


Aqueous crystal growth and dissolution kinetics of earth surface minerals

Application of the techniques and approaches of low-temperature geochemistry is essential for the interpretation and characterization of chemical processes occurring in surface water and ground water. Although numerous techniques of low-temperature geochemistry are often used to characterize biogochemical processes in surface and ground water, the processes of metal binding by dissolved organic matter and crystal growth and dissolution reaction rate mediation by dissolved constituents are poorly understood. Investigations to characterize these processes are important because metal ion speciation and mineral dissolution and formation rates can have a major influence on water reactivity and water quality. Metal ion complexation with natural dissolved organic matter is considered to be a key unsolved problem in our understanding of metal ion reactivity in surface water and ground water. Metal ion speciation controls metal ion chemical and biogeochemical reactivity and bioavailability Knowledge of rates and mechanisms of carbonate mineral formation in surface water and ground water help understand processes regulating water quality. Specific problems examined by this project include identifying the best and most reliable methods to determine the equilibrium metal species distribution in surface and ground water containing natural dissolved organic matter, and measurement and characterization of crystal growth and dissolution rates in surface and ground water containing dissolved organic material. For additional information on this project, see project's home page

REPORTS PUBLISHED 2003-2012

Reddy, M.M., in press (web publication 12/30/11), Calcite growth-rate inhibition by fulvic acid and magnesium ion -- possible influence on biogenic calcite formation: Journal of Crystal Growth, DOI:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.12.069 (on-line abstract of preprint)

Reddy, M.M., and Gunther, C.D., 2012, Summary of chemical data from onsite and laboratory analyses of groundwater samples from the surficial aquifer, Las Vegas, Nevada, April and August 1993 and September 1994: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1029, 18 p. (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format)

Reddy, M.M. and Hoch, A., 2012, Calcium carbonate nucleation in an alkaline lake surface water, Pyramid Lake, Nevada, USA. Aquatic Geochemistry, v. 18, no. 2, p. 95-113. DOI: 10.1007/s10398-011-9150-3. (on-line abstract or on-line paper in pdf format, 585 KB, copyright U.S. Government)

Reddy, M.M. and Leenheer, J., 2011, Calcite Growth - Rate Inhibition by Fulvic Acids Isolated from Big Soda Lake, Nevada, USA, The Suwannee River, Georgia, USA and by Polycarboxylic Acids: Annals of Environmental Science, v. 5, p. 41-53. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 1356 KB, maintained by Northeastern University with free access))

Halm, D.R., Beaver, L.D., Leavesley, G.H., and Reddy, M.M., 2009, Meteorological Data near Rabbit Ears Pass, Colorado, U.S.A., 1984 – 2008: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 415, 2 p. (on-line abstract and to download data or on-line report in pdf format, 6.9 MB)

Brabets, T.P., and Schuster, P.F., 2008, Transport of water, carbon, and sediment through the Yukon River Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2008-3005. (on-line fact sheet or on-line fact sheet in pdf format, 934 KB)

Leenheer, J.A., and Reddy, M.M., 2008, Co-Precipitation of Dissolved Organic Matter by Calcium Carbonate in Pyramid Lake, Nevada : Annals of Environmental Science, v. 2, p. 11-25. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 221 KB)

Reddy, M.M., Reddy, M.B., Kipp, K.L., Burman, A., Schuster, P.F., and Rawlik, P.S., 2008, Peat porewater chloride concentration profiles in the Everglades during wet/dry cycles from January 1996 to June 1998—field measurements and theoretical analysis: Hydrological Processes, v. 22, p. 1713-1724. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 244 KB, published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, as a US Government work in the public domain)

Schuster, P.F., Shanley, J.B., Marvin-Dipasquale, M., Reddy, M.M., Aiken, G.R., Roth, D.A., Taylor, H.E., Krabbenhoft, D.P., and DeWild, J.F., 2008, Mercury and organic carbon dynamics during runoff episodes from a northeastern USA watershed : Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, v. 187, p. 89-108. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Halm, D.R., and Dornblaser, M.M., 2007, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River and its tributaries between Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, and Eagle, Alaska, USA, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1197, 120 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 16.8 MB)

Schuster, P.F., 2007, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1037, 65 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 2.6 MB)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2007, Sediment concentration and percent organic matter (OM), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1037, chapt. 9, p. 56-57. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P. F., and Reddy, M.M., 2007, Total particulate carbon, particulate inorganic carbon, particulate organic carbon, and total particulate nitrogen,  in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2007-1037, chapt. 10, p. 58-59. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2007, Anions, in Halm, D.M., and M. M. Dornblaser, eds., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River and its tributaries between Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, and Eagle, Alaska, USA, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2007-1197, p. 71-73. (on-line in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2007, Particulate carbon and particulate nitrogen, in Halm, D.M., and M. M. Dornblaser, eds., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River and its tributaries between Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, and Eagle, Alaska, USA, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2007-1197, p. 50-52. (on-line table in pdf report).

Dornblaser, M.M. and D.R. Halm, eds., 2006, Water and sediment quality of the Yukon River and its tributaries, from Eagle to St. Marys, Alaska, 2002-2003: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1228, 201 p., Boulder, CO. (on-line abstract or on line report in pdf format, 18 MB)

Reddy, M.M., Schuster, P., Kendall, C., and Reddy, M.B., 2006, Characterization of surface and ground water δ18O seasonal variation and its use for estimating groundwater residence times: Hydrological Processes, v. 20, no. 8, p. 1753-1772. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Reddy, M.M., Schuster, P., Kendall, C., and Reddy, M.B., 2006, Reply to comment on "Characterization of surface and ground water δ18O seasonal variation and its use for estimating groundwater residence times" by R.E. Criss, and W.E. Winston: Hydrological Processes, v. 20, no. 16, p. 3573-3578. (on-line article in pdf format, 102 KB, published on-line in 2006 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd as a U.S. Governement work in the public domain)

Schuster, P.F., 2006, Introduction, in Schuster, P.F., ed., 2006, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1258, chapt. 1, p. 1-3. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., ed., 2006, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1258, 82 p. (on-line overview or on-line report in pdf format, 13.8 MB)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2006, Major anions, in Dornblaser, Mark M. and D.R. Halm, eds., 2006, Water and sediment quality of the Yukon River and its tributaries, from Eagle to St. Marys, Alaska, 2002-2003: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1228, p. 134-138, Boulder, CO (on-line report in pdf format).

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2006, Percent organic matter, in Dornblaser, Mark M. and D.R. Halm, eds., 2006, Water and sediment quality of the Yukon River and its tributaries, from Eagle to St. Marys, Alaska, 2002-2003: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2006-1228, pp. 93-97, Boulder, CO. (on-line report in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2006, Sediment concentration and percent organic matter (OM), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2006-1258, chapt. 9, p. 58-59. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P. F., and Reddy, M.M., 2006, Total particulate carbon (TPC), particulate inorganic carbon (PIC), particulate organic carbon (POC), and total particulate nitrogen (TPM), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2006-1258, chapt. 10, p. 60-61. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., ed., 2005, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1199, 82 p. (on-line overview or on-line report in pdf format, 29.3 MB)

Schuster, P.F., ed., 2005, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2003: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005-1397, 74 p. (on-line overview or on-line report in pdf format, 1MB)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2005, Sediment concentration and percent organic matter (OM), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2005-1199, chapt. 10, p. 74-75 (on-line chapter in pdf format).

Schuster, P. F., and Reddy, M.M., 2005, Particulate carbon (PC) and particulate nitrogen, (PN), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2002: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2005-1199, chapt. 11, p. 76-77. (on-line chapter in pdf format).

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2005, Sediment concentration and percent organic matter (OM), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2003: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2005-1397, chapt. 10, p. 66-67. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P. F., and Reddy, M.M., 2005, Particulate carbon (PC) and particulate nitrogen, (PN), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2003: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2005-1397, chapt. 11, p. 68-69. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Abbott, M., Einerson, J., Schuster, P., Susong, D., and Taylor, H.E., 2004, Trace elements and common ions in southeastern Idaho snow: regional air pollutant traces for source area emissions: Fuel Processing Technology, v. 85, no. 6-7, p. 657-671. (on-line abstract)

Campbell, D.H., Mast, M.A., Ingersoll, G.P., Manthorne, D., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Taylor, H.E., Airen, G.R., Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2004, Atmospheric Deposition and fate of mercury in high-altitude watersheds of the Rocky Mountains: EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 84, p. 46.

Naftz, D.L., Susong, D.D., Cecil, L.D., and Schuster, P.F., 2004, Variations between δ18O in recently deposited snow and on-site air temperature, upper Fremont Glacier, Wyoming, in Cecil, L.D., Green, J.R., and Thompson, L.G., eds., Earth Paleoenvironments--Records Preserved in Mid- and Low-Latitude Glaciers: Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 217-234.

Reddy, M.M., Reddy, M.B., and Reddy, C.F., 2004, Scientific advances provide opportunities to improve pediatric environmental health: Journal of Pediatrics, v. 145, p.153-156. (on-line article)

Schuster, P.F., Naftz, D.L., Cecil, L.D., and Green, J.R., 2004, Evidence of abrupt climate change and the development of an historic mercury deposition record using chronological refinement of ice cores at Upper Fremont Glacier, in Cecil, L.D., Green, J.R., and Thompson, L.G., eds., Earth Paleoenvironments--Records Preserved in Mid-and Low-Latitude Glaciers: Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 181-216.

Schuster, P.F., Reddy, M.M., Aiken, G.R., and Shanley, J.B., 2004, What effect does permafrost have on dissolved organic carbon transport to streams during snowmelt, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal, R.R., eds., Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water - Rock Interaction WRI-11, 27 June - 2 July 2004, Saratoga Springs, New York, USA: London, Taylor & Francis, v. 2, p. 1385-1389.

Leenheer, J.A., Wershaw, R.L., Brown, G.K., and Reddy, M.M., 2003, Characterization and diagenesis of strong-acid carboxyl groups in humic substances: Applied Geochemistry, v. 18, p. 471-482. (on-line abstract)

Rosenberry, D.O., Dean, W.E., Duff, J.H., LaBaugh, J.W., Reddy, M.M., Schuster, P.S., Striegl, R.G., Triska, F.J., and Winter, T.C., 2003, Exchange of water, solutes, and nutrients at the sediment-water interface affects a northern Minnesota watershed at multiple scales: Proceedings of The First Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Benson, Arizona, October 27-30, 2003, p. 468-473. (on-line report)

Schuster, P.F., ed., 2003, Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-427. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2003, Sediment concentration and percent organic matter (OM) analyses, in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-427, chapt. 10, p. 55-56. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2003, Particulate carbon (PC) and particulate nitrogen (PN), in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-427, chapt. 11, p. 57-58. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Schuster, P.F., and Reddy, M.M., 2003, Kayaks down the Yukon - A two thousand-mile partnership with the U.S. Geological Survey: U.S. Department of the Interior, People, Land, and Water, v. 9, no. 4, p. 39.

Schuster, P.F., Reddy, M.M., LaBaugh, J.W., Parkhurst, R.S., Rosenberry, D.O., Winter, T.C., Antweiler, R.C., and Dean, W.E., 2003, Characterization of lake and ground water movement in the littoral zone of Williams Lake, a closed basin lake in north-central Minnesota: Hydrological Processes, v. 17; no. 4; p. 823-838. (on-line abstract)

Tian, L., Yao, T., Schuster, P.F., White, J.W.C., Ichiyanagi, K., Pendall, E., Pu, J., and Yu, W., 2003, Oxygen-18 concentrations in recent precipitation and ice cores on the Tibetan Plateau: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, no. D9, p. 4293 (on-line abstract)


FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THIS PROJECT, CONTACT:
Michael M. Reddy (professional profile)
U.S. Geological Survey, 3215 Marine St., Boulder, CO 80303
Email: mmreddy@usgs.gov
Telephone: 303-541-3012

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