National Research Program


Ground-Water Solute-Transport Simulation

Ground-Water solute-transport simulation modeling is an important tool that aids in the analysis of ground-water contamination problems, both actual and potential. Accidental spills, leakage, and waste disposal operations can lead to ground-water contamination. The ability to analyze and predict the movement of solutes in ground-water systems is necessary to assess the effects of a contamination situation or properly design a waste-disposal operation. Laboratory experiments are essential to understanding geochemical reactions in the field and for obtaining the necessary reaction coefficients and rate constants used in transport models. Simulation modeling also is used to compare alternative strategies for aquifer reclamation. In some cases, the transported component of interest is thermal energy. Heat transport simulation is useful in the analysis of geothermal systems, waste heat storage systems, and some deep aquifer systems. Project objectives are to develop and apply new analytical, quasi-analytical, and numerical techniques to the field of saturated ground-water solute-transport simulation modeling; develop mathematical representations of solute-porous medium interactions and chemical reactions and develop and apply efficient algorithms for numerical calculation; apply analytical and numerical simulation modeling to laboratory and field-scale situations, both actual and experimental; and evaluate accuracy of laboratory experiments for predicting geochemical behavior of solutes in the field.For additional information, see project's home page

REPORTS PUBLISHED 2003-2012

Bedekar, V., Niswonger, R.G., Kipp, K., Panday S., and Tonkin, M., in press (web publication 6/2/11, Approaches to the simulation of unconfined flow and perched groundwater flow in MODFLOW: Ground Water. (on-line abstract of preprint)

Parkhurst, D.L., Kipp, K.L., and Charlton, S.R., 2010, PHAST Version 2—A program for simulating groundwater flow, solute transport, and multicomponent geochemical reactions: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 6–A35, 235 p. (on-line abstract or on-line publication in pdf format, 3.8 MB)

Paul, A.P., Maurer, D.K., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Welch, A.H., 2010, In-situ arsenic remediation in Carson Valley, Douglas County, west-central Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5161, 24 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 1.46 MB)

Brown, C.J., Starn, J.J., Stollenwerk, K.G., Mondazzi, R.A., and Trombley, T.J., 2009, Aquifer chemistry and transport processes in the zone of contribution to a public-supply well in Woodbury, Connecticut, 2002-06: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2009-5051, 158 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 7 MB)

Kipp, Jr., K.L., Hsieh, P.A., and Charlton, S.R., 2008, Guide to the revised ground-water flow and heat transport simulator: HYDROTHERM -- Version 3: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 6-A25, 160 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 3 MB)

McMahon, P.B., Böhlke, J.K., Kauffman, L.J., Kipp, K.L., Landon, M.K., Crandall, C.A., Burow, K.R., and Brown, C.J., 2008, Source and transport controls on the movement of nitrate to public supply wells in selected principal aquifers of the United States , Water Resources Research, Vol. 44 (W04401, doi:10.1029/2007WR006252), p. 1-17. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 1157 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright

Reddy, M.M., Reddy, M.B., Kipp, K.L., Burman, A., Schuster, P.F., and Rawlik, P.S., 2008, Peat porewater chloride concentration profiles in the Everglades during wet/dry cycles from January 1996 to June 1998—field measurements and theoretical analysis: Hydrological Processes, v. 22, p. 1713-1724. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 244 KB, published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, as a US Government work in the public domain)

Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Welch, A.H., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Foster, A.L., Uddin, M.N., Majumder, R.K., and Ahmed, N., 2008, Erratum to "Arsenic attention by oxidized aquifer sediments in Bangladesh [Science of the Total Environment 379 (2007) 133-150]": Science of the Total Environment, v. 389, no. 2-3, p. 567-568.

Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., Paul, A.P., Maurer, D.K., and Halford, K.J., 2008, In situ arsenic removal in an alkaline clastic aquifer: Applied Geochemistry, v. 8, p. 2477-2495. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Bhattacharya, P., Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., McLaughlin, M.J., Bundschuh, J., and Panaullah, G., eds., 2007, Arsenic in the Environment: Biology and Chemistry—Arsenic in the Environment Special Issue : The Science of the Total Environment, v. 379, issues 2 and 3, p.109-266. (on-line journal issue)

Bhattacharya, P., Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., McLaughlin, M.J., Bundschuh, J., and Panaullah, G., 2007, Arsenic in the environment, Biology and Chemistry, Editorial: Arsenic in the Environment, Biology and Chemistry—Arsenic in the Environment Special Issue, The Science of the Total Environment, v. 379, p. 109-120. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Welch, A.H., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Foster, A.L., Uddin, M.N., Majumder, R.K., and Ahmed, N., 2007, Arsenic attenuation by oxidized aquifer sediments in Bangladesh: Arsenic in the Environment, Biology and Chemistry -Arsenic in the Environment Special Issue: Science of the Total Environment, v. 379, p. 133-150. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Foster, A.L., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Uddin, M.N., Alam, M.M., and Islam, M.S., 2006, Attenuation of arsenic in Bangladesh sediments—Implications for ground-water development, in Naidu, R., Smith, E., Owens, G., Bhattacharya, P., and Nadebaum, P., eds., Managing arsenic in the environment - From soil to human health: Collingwood, Australia, CSIRO Publishing, p. 363-377.

Kipp, K.L., Hsieh, P.A., Hayba, D.O., and Ingebritsen, S.E., 2005, HYDROTHERM: A simulator of two-phase ground-water flow and heat transport: International Ground Water Modeling Center Newsletter, v. 23, no. 3, p. 3.

Rousseau, J.P., Landa, E.R., Nimmo, J.R., Cecil, L.D., Knobel, L.L., Glynn, P.D., Kwicklis, E.M., Curtis, G.P., Stollenwerk, K.G., Anderson, S.R., Bartholomay, R.C., Bossong, C.R., and Orr, B.R., 2005, Review of the transport of selected radionuclides in the interim risk assessment for the Radioactive Waste Management Complex, Waste Area Group 7 Operable Unit 7-13/14, Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5026, 283 p. in 2 volumes. (on-line volume 1 (text) in pdf format, 2.4 MB or on-line volume 2 (figures) in pdf format, 3.3 MB)

Seiler, R.L., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Garbarino, J.R., 2005, Factors controlling tungsten concentrations in ground water, Carson Desert, Nevada: Applied Geochemistry, v. 20, p. 423-441. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 917 kb, published by Elsevier Ltd, not subject to copyright transfer)

Nimmo, J.R., Rousseau, J.P., Perkins, K.S., Stollenwerk, K.G., Glynn, P.G., Bartholomay, R.C., and Knobel, L.L., 2004, Hydraulic and geochemical framework of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory vadose zone: Vadose Zone Journal, v. 3, p. 6-34. (on-line abstract)

Parkhurst, D.L., Kipp, K.L., Engesgaard, Peter, and Charlton, S.R., 2004, PHAST--A program for simulating ground-water flow, solute transport, and multicomponent geochemical reactions: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 6-A8, 154 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 2.1 MB)

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Colman, J.A., 2004, Natural remediation of arsenic contaminated ground water associated with landfill leachate: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2004-3057. (on-line fact sheet)

Hurwitz, S., Kipp, K.L., Ingebritsen, S.E., and Reid, M.E., 2003, Groundwater flow, heat transport, and water table position within volcanic edifices: Implications for volcanic processes in the Cascade Range: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 108, no. B12, p. 1-1 to 1-19. (on-line abstract)

Parkhurst, D.L., Stollenwerk, K.G., and Colman, J.A., 2003, Reactive-transport simulation of phosphorus in the sewage plume at the Massachusetts Military Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4017, 33 p. (on-line abstract or report in pdf format - 2.4MB)

Stollenwerk, K.G., 2003, Geochemical processes controlling transport of arsenic, in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in Ground Water: Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 67-100.

Stollenwerk, K.G., and Colman, J.A., 2003, Natural remediation potential of arsenic-contaminated ground water, in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in Ground Water: Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 351-380.

Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., 2003, In situ arsenic remediation in a fractured, alkaline aquifer in Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., Arsenic in Ground Water: Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, p. 403-420.

Welch, A.H., and Stollenwerk, K.G., eds., 2003, Arsenic in Ground Water: Geochemistry and Occurrence: Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 475 p. (on-line information about book and contents link)


FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THIS PROJECT, CONTACT:
Kenneth L. Kipp
U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 25046, ms413, Denver Federal Center, Lakewood, CO
Internet: klkipp@usgs.gov
Telephone: 303-236-4991

  • Kenneth G. Stollenwerk
    U.S. Geological Survey, P.O. Box 25046, ms413, Denver Federal Center, Lakewood, CO
    Internet: kgstolle@usgs.gov
    Telephone: 303-236-4994

     For information on additional projects in the National Research Program, see Indexes to NRP projects and bibliographies.

    *For articles in Adobe® (.PDF) format, please note that you can download a free copy of Adobe® Acrobat® Reader® here. Also see Adobe® accessibility information, Information for users with disabilities, if applicable.

  • Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

    Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
    URL: http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/proj.bib/kipp.html
    Page Contact Information: Linda Friedman
    Page Last Modified: Tuesday, 04-Mar-2014 11:28:30 EST