National Research Program


Vegetation and Hydrogeomorphic Relations

Many hydrogeomorphic processes are poorly understood. Botanical evidence studies can improve flood or debris flow prediction for streams with short or no gaging-station records. Improvement of our understanding of the relations among fluvial geomorphology, sedimentation, mass wasting, plant chemistry, and plant ecology will provide insight into such problems as assessment of water quality, wetland loss, long-term effects of climatic variation, and the frequency and magnitude of destructive hydrogeomorphic phenomena. Botanical and geomorphic analyses may provide substantial information about variable source areas of runoff production and ground-water recharge. The general objectives of this project include: 1) the continued development of the combined use of botanical evidence and maximum likelihood estimators in flood-frequency prediction, 2) analysis and interpretation of the role of vegetation in natural and disturbed fluvial systems, including riparian and wetlands systems, 3) research in the hydrogeomorphic-plant ecological aspects of watershed dynamics, including the delineation of variable source areas of runoff production and ground-water recharge, and analyses of non-point source pollution and basic plant-landform relations and 4) use of tree-ring chemistry as an indication of ground and surface water quality.

For additional information about research studies being done by this project, see Ecological Research on Wetlands and Submersed Aquatic Vegetation. Also see the Potomac Estuary Study Bibliography for a list of and links to Potomac Estuary publications through 1996.

REPORTS PUBLISHED 2003-2012

Butler, D., and Hupp, C., in press, Preface to Ecogeomorphology, in Shroder, J., Ed. In Chief, Treatise in Geomorphology:  Academic Press, San Diego, CA, v.12.

Hupp, C.R., and Osterkamp, W.R., in press, Vegetation ecogeomorphology, dynamic equilibrium, and disturbance, in Butler, D. and Hupp, C., eds., Ecogeomorphology: Treatise in Geomorphology, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, v.12.

King, S.L., Battaglia, L.L., Hupp, C.R., Keim, R.F., Lockaby, B.G. in press. Floodplain wetlands of the southeastern Coastal Plain, in Batzer, D. and Baldwin, A. eds. Wetland Habitats of North America: Ecology and Conservation Concerns. University of California Press.

Noe, G.B.  in press,  Interactions among hydrogeomorphology, vegetation, and nutrient biogeochemistry in floodplain ecosystems, in Butler, D. and Hupp, C., eds., Ecogeomorphology: Treatise in Geomorphology, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, v.12.

Schenk, E.R., Hupp C.R., Gellis A., in press (web publication 8/16/11), Sediment dynamics in the restored reach of the Kissimmee River Basin, Florida: a vast subtropical riparian wetland: River Research and Applications. (on-line abstract or on-line preprint of journal article in pdf format, 961 KB, published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd., as a US Government work in the public domain)

Osterkamp, W.R., Hupp, C.R., and Stoffel, M., 2012 (web publication 7/18/11), The interactions between vegetation and erosion: New directions for research at the interface of ecology and geomorphology: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 37, no. 1, p. 23-36. DOI: 10.1002/esp.2173 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Harvey, J.W., Noe, G.B., Larsen, L.G., Nowacki, D.J., and McPhillips, L.E., 2011, Field flume reveals aquatic vegetation's role in sediment and particulate phosphorus transport in a shallow aquatic ecosystem: Geomorphology, v. 126, no. 3-4, p. 297-313. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.03.028 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Larsen, L., Aumen, N., Bernhardt, C., Engel, V., Givnish, T., Hagerthey, S., Harvey, J., Leonard, L., McCormick, P., McVoy, C., Noe, G., Nungesser, M., Rutchey, K., Sklar, F., Troxler, T., Volin, J., and Willard, D., 2011, Recent and historic drivers of landscape change in the Everglades ridge, slough, and tree island mosaic: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 6, p. 344-381. doi: 10.1080/10643389.2010.531219 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Litwin, R.J., Smoot, J.P., Pavich, M.J., Markewich, H.W., Oberg, Erik, Helwig, Ben, Steury, Brent, Santucci, V.L., Durika, N.J., Rybicki, N.B., Engelhardt, K.M., Sanders, Geoffrey, Verardo, Stacey, Elmore, A.J., and Gilmer, Joseph, 2011, Analysis of the deconstruction of Dyke Marsh, George Washington Memorial Parkway, Virginia - Progression, geologic and manmade causes, and effective restoration scenarios: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1269, 80 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 16.6 MB)

Moulin, B., Schenk, E.R., and Hupp, C.R., 2011, Distribution and characterization of in-channel large wood in relation to geomorphic patterns on a low-gradient river. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 36, p. 1137-1151, DOI: 10.1002/esp.2135 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Noe, G.B, 2011, Measurement of net nitrogen and phosphorus mineralization in wetland soils using a modification of the resin-core technique: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 75, no. 2, p. 760-770. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Rivera-Monroy, V.H., Twilley, R.R., Davis III, S.E., Childers, D.L., Simard, M., Chambers, R., Jaffe, R., Boyer, J.N., Rudnick, D., Zhang, K., Castañeda-Moya, E., Ewe, S., Coronado-Molina, C., Ross, M., Smith III, T.J, Michot, B., Meselhe, E., Nuttle, W., Troxler, T., and Noe, G.B., 2011, The role of the Everglades mangrove ecotone region (EMER) in regulating nutrient cycling and wetland productivity in South Florida: Critical Reviews in Environmental Science & Technology, v. 41, no. 6, p. 633-669. doi 10.1080/10643389.2010.530907 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Wolf, K.L., Ahn, C., and Noe, G.B., 2011, Microtopography enhances nitrogen cycling and removal in created wetlands: Ecological Engineering, v. 37, p. 1398-1406. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Wolf, K.L., Ahn, C., and Noe, G.B., 2011, Development of soil properties and nitrogen cycling in created wetlands: Wetlands, v. 31, p. 699-712. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Atkinson, R.B., Perry, J.E., Noe, G.B., Daniels, W.L., and Cairns Jr., J., 2010, Primary productivity in 20-year old created wetlands in Southwestern Virginia: Wetlands, v. 30, no. 2, p. 200-210. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Banks, W.S., Gellis, A.C., and Noe, G.B., 2010, Sources of fine-grained suspended sediment in Mill Stream Branch watershed, Corsica River Basin, a tributary to the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland, 2009: Proceedings of the 4th Federal Interagency Hydrologic Modeling Conference and of the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, 12 p. (on-line paper in pdf format, 177 KB)

Hupp, C.R., Noe, G.B., and Schenk, E.R., 2010, Floodplains, equilibrium, and fluvial geomorphic impacts of human alterations: Proceedings of the 4th Federal Interagency Hydrologic Modeling Conference and of the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, 12 p. (on-line paper in pdf format, 186 KB).

Kroes, D.E. and Hupp, C.R., 2010, Patterns of riparian sedimentation and subsidence along channelized and unchannelized reaches of the Pocomoke River, Maryland: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 46, no. 4, p. 686 - 699. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article, 1473 KB, no claim to U.S. Government works)

Larsen, L.G., Aiken, G.R., Harvey, J.W., Noe, G.B., and Crimaldi, J.P., 2010, Using fluorescence spectroscopy to trace seasonal DOM dynamics, disturbance effects, and hydrologic transport in the Florida Everglades: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, G03001, doi:10.1029/2009JG001140. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Mossa, J., Hupp, C.R., Gellis, A.C., Pearman, J.L., Schenk, E.R., Garfield, U., Rasmussen, J., and Habermahl, P.J., 2010, Summary and conclusions, in Mossa, J. and Valdes, J., eds., Geomorphic monitoring of the Kissimmee River Restoration - 2006-2009: South Florida Water Management District, Special Report, West Palm Beach, Florida, Chapter 7, p. 188-195. (on-line only chapter, pdf format, 68 KB)

Mossa, J., Hupp, C.R., Gellis, A.C., and Valdes, J., 2010, Introduction, in Mossa, J. and Valdes, J., eds., Geomorphic monitoring of the Kissimmee River Restoration - 2006-2009: South Florida Water Management District, Special Report, West Palm Beach, Florida, Chapter 1, p. 3-12. (on-line only chapter, pdf format, 169 KB

Noe, G.B., Harvey, J.W., Schaffranek, R.W., and Larsen, L.G., 2010, Controls of suspended sediment concentration, nutrient content, and transport in a subtropical wetland: Wetlands, v.30, no. 1, p. 39-54. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Orth, R.J. , Williams, M.R. , Marion, S.R. , Wilcox, D.J. , Carruthers, T.J.B. , Moore, K.A., Kemp, W.M., Dennison, W.C., Rybicki, N., Bergstrom, P., and Batiuk, R.A., 2010, Long-term trends in submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) in Chesapeake Bay, USA, related to water quality: Estuaries and Coasts, v. 33, no. 5, p. 1144 - 1163. DOI: 10.1007/s12237-010-9311-4. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Osterkamp, W.R., and Hupp, C.R., 2010, Fluvial processes and vegetationn - Glimpses of the past, present and perhaps future: Geomorphology, v. 116, no. 3-4 p. 274-285. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Ruhl, H.A., and Rybicki, N.B., 2010, Long-term reductions in anthropogenic nutrients link to improvements in Chesapeake Bay habitat: Proceedings of the National Academy of Scientists, v. 107, no. 38, p. 16566-16570. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 819 KB. published by the National Academy of Scientists with open access)

Schenk, E.R. and Hupp, C.R., 2010, Kissimmee River floodplain monitoring, in Mossa, J. and Valdes, J., eds., Geomorphic monitoring of the Kissimmee River Restoration - 2006-2009: South Florida Water Management District, Special Report, West Palm Beach, Florida, Chapter 3, p. 34-57. (on-line only chapter, pdf format)

Schenk, E.R. and Hupp, C.R., 2010, Floodplain sediment trapping, hydraulic connectivity, and vegetation along restored reaches of the Kissimmee River, Florida: Proceedings of the 4th Federal Interagency Hydrologic Modeling Conference and of the 9th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, 12 p. (on-line paper in pdf format, 241 KB)

Schenk, E.R., Hupp, C.R., Richter, J.M., and Kroes, D.E., 2010, Bank erosion, mass wasting, water clarity, bathymetry, and a sediment budget along the dam-regulated lower Roanoke River, North Carolina: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1260, 112 p., (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 18.2 MB)

Tanner, C., Hunter, S., Reel, J., Parham, T., Naylor, M., Karrh, L., Busch, K., Golden, R.R., Lewandowski, M., Rybicki, N., and Schenk, E., 2010, Evaluating a large-scale eelgrass restoration project in the Chesapeake Bay: Restoration Ecology, v. 18, p 538-548, DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00694.x (on-line abstract of journal article)

Gellis, A.C., Hupp, C.R., Pavich, M.J., Landwehr, J.M., Banks, W.S.L., Hubbard, B.E., Langland, M.J., Ritchie, J.C., and Reuter, J.M., 2009 Sources, Transport, and Storage of Sediment at Selected Sites in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, U. S. Geological Survey Scientific Invetigations Report 2008-5186, 110 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 19.1 MB)

Hupp, C.R., Pierce, A.R., and Noe, G.B., 2009, Floodplain Geomorphic Processes and Environmental Impacts of Human Alteration Along Coastal Plain Rivers, USA: Wetlands, v. 29, no. 2, p. 413-429. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Hupp, C.R., Schenk, E.R., Richter, J.M., Peet, R.K., and Townsend, P.A., 2009, Bank erosion along the dam-regulated lower Roanoke River, North Carolina, in James, LA., Rathburn, S.L, and Whittecar, G.R., eds., Management and Restoration of Fluvial Systems with Broad Historical Changes and Human Impacts: Geological Society of America Special Paper 451, p. 97-108, doi: 10.113012009.2451 (06). (on-line abstract of special paper article)

Noe, G.B., and Hupp, C.R., 2009, Retention of riverine sediment and nutrient loads by coastal plain floodplains: Ecosystems, v. 12, no. 5, p. 728-746. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 404 KB pubished as a U.S. Government work by SpringerLink)

Schenk, E.R. and Hupp, C.R., 2009. Legacy effects of colonial millponds on floodplain sedimentation, bank erosion, and channel morphology, Mid-Atlantic, USA. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 45, no. 3, p. 597-606. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Bornette, G., Tabacchi, E., Hupp, C., Puijalon, S., Rostan, J.C., 2008, A model of plant strategies in fluvial hydrosystems: Freshwater Biology, v. 53, no. 8, p. 1692-1705. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Carter, V., Landwehr, J.M., Rybicki, N.B., Reel, J.T., and Ruhl, H.A., 2008, Linkages among submersed aquatic vegetation, nutrients, river discharge and weather in the tidal Potomac River and Estuary, in Buchanan, C., ed., Tidal Potomac River Integrated Analysis: Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin. (on-line chapter in pdf format, 1.6 MB)

Hupp, C.R., Demas, C.R., Kroes, D.E., Day, R.H., and Doyle, T.W., 2008, Recent sedimentation patterns within the central Atchafalaya Basin, Louisiana: Wetlands, v. 28, p. 125-140. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Piégay, H., Hupp, C.R., Citterio, A., Dufour, S., Moulin, B., and Walling, D.E., 2008, Spatial and temporal variability in sedimentation rates associated with cutoff channel infill desposits: Ain River, France: Water Resources Research, v. 44, W05420, doi:10.1029/2006WR005260 (on-line abstract of journal article)

Rybicki, N.B., Justiniano- Vélez, E.M., Schenk, E.R., Baldizar, J.M., and Hunter, S.E., 2008, The Distribution of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation in the Fresh and Oligohaline Tidal Potomac River, 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1218, 40p. (on-line only abstract or publication in pdf format, 2479 KB)

Baldizar, J. and Rybicki, N.B., 2007, Restoration potential of submerged aquatic vegetation in the tidal Pocomoke River (Chesapeake Bay, USA): Ecological Restoration, v. 25, no. 2, p. 138-139.

Gellis, A.C., Hupp, C.R., Landwehr, J.M. and Pavich, M.J., 2007, Sources and Transport of Sediment in the Watershed , in Phillips, S.W., ed., Synthesis of U.S. Geological Survey Science for the Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem and Implications for Environmental Management: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1316, Chapter 6, p. 28-31. (on-line chapter in pdf fomat)

Hupp, C.R.  and Rinaldi, M., 2007, Riparian vegetation patterns in relation to fluvial landforms and channel evolution along selected rivers of Tuscany (Central Italy): Annals of the Association of American Geographers, v. 97, no. 1, p. 12-30. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Kroes, D.E., Hupp, C.R., and Noe, G.B., 2007, Sediment, nutrient, and vegetation trends along the tidal forested Pocomoke River, Maryland, in Conner, W.H., Doyle, T.W., and Krauss, K.W., eds., Ecology of Tidal Freshwater Swamps of the Southeastern United States: The Netherlands, Springer , p. 113-137.

Noe, G.B., and Hupp, C., 2007, Seasonal variation in nutrient retention during inundation of a short-hydroperiod floodplain: River Research and Applications, v. 23, no. 10 p. 1088-1101. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 282 KB, published in 2007 by John Wiley & Sons as a U.S. Governement work in the public domain)

Rybicki, N. B., and Landwehr, J.M., 2007, Long-term changes in abundance and diversity of macrophyte and waterfowl populations in an estuary With exotic macrophytes and improving water quality: Limnology and Oceanography, v. 52, no. 3, p. 1195-1207. (on-line abstract and on-line article in pdf format, 1200 KB - published by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography with open access)

Rybicki, N.B. and Landwehr, J.M., 2007, Submerged Aquatic Vegetation and Water Clarity , in Phillips, S.W., ed., Synthesis of U.S. Geological Survey Science for the Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem and Implications for Environmental Management: U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1316, Chapter 11, p.46-49. (on-line chapter in pdf fomat)

Rybicki, N.B., Yoon, S.N., Schenk, E.R., and Baldizar, J.B., 2007, The Distribution of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation in the Fresh and Oligohaline Tidal Potomac River, 2004 , U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1198. (on-line introduction or on-line report in pdf format, 1380 KB)

Baldizar, J.B., and Rybicki, N.B., 2006, Primary factors influencing water clarity at shallow water sites throughout the Chesapeake and Maryland Coastal Bays: Proceedings of the Joint 8th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference and 3rd Federal Interagency Hydrological Modeling Conference, April 2-6, 2006, Reno, NV, in CD_ROM file ISBN 0-9779007-1-1.

Hupp, C.R. and Noe, G.B., 2006, Sediment and nutrient accumulation within lowland bottomland ecosystems - An example from the Atchafalaya River Basin, Louisiana: Proceedings Hydrology and Management of Forested Wetlands, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, p. 175-187.

Schenk, E.R. and Rybicki, N.B., 2006, Exploring causes of a seagrass transplant failure in the Potomac River (Virginia): Ecological Restoration, v. 24, no. 2, p. 116-118.

Wieczorek, G.F., Eaton, L.S., Yanosky, T.M., and Turner, E.J., 2006, Hurricane-induced landslide activity on an alluvial fan along Meadow Run, Shenandoah Valley, Virginia (eastern USA): Landslides, v. 3, no. 2, p. 95 - 106.

Hupp, C.R., Walbridge, M.R., and Lockaby, B.G., 2005, Fluvial geomorphic processes and landforms, water quality, and nutrients in Bottomland Hardwood forests of southeastern USA, in Fredrickson, L.H., King, S.L., and Kaminski, R.M., eds., Ecology and Management of Bottomland Hardwood Systems: University of Missouri-Columbia, Gaylord Memorial Laboratory Special Publication No. 10, Puxico, MO USA, p. 37-55.

Noe, G.B., and Hupp, C.R., 2005, Carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus accumulation in floodplains of Atlantic Coastal Plain rivers, USA: Ecological Applications, v. 15, p.1178-1190. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Yanosky, T.M., 2005, Review of "Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations by M.B. Kirkham, Elsevier Academic Press, Burlington, Massachusetts": Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 34, no. 4, p. 1452-1453.

Yanosky, T.M., 2005, Review of "Adaptations and Responses of Woody Plants to Environmental Stresses by R. Arora, Haworth Press, Binghamton, New York": Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 34, no. 4, p. 1453.

Kemp, W.M., Batiuk, R., Bartleson, R., Bergstrom, P., Carter, V., Gallegos, C.L., Hunley, W., Karrh, L., Koch, E.W., Landwehr, J.M., Moore, K.A., Murray, L., Naylor, M., Rybicki, N.B., Stevenson, J.C., and Wilcox, D.J., 2004, Habitat requirements for submerged aquatic vegetation in Chesapeake Bay: Water quality, light regime, and physical-chemical factors: Estuaries, v. 27, no. 3, p. 363-377. (on-line abstract)

Kroes, D.E., and Brinson, M.M., 2004, Occurrence of riverine wetlands on floodplains along a climatic gradient: Wetlands, v. 24, no. 1, p. 167-177. (on-line abstract)

Larsen, C., Clark, I., Guntenspergen, G., Cahoon, D., Caruso, V., Hupp, C., and Yanosky, T., 2004, The Blackwater NWR inundation model. Rising sea level on a low-lying coast: land use planning for wetlands: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1302. (on-line report- available on-line only)

Ross, K.M., Hupp, C.R., and Howard, A.D. 2004. Sedimentation in floodplains of selected tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay, in Bennett, S.J., and Simon, A., eds., Riparian Vegetation and Fluvial Geomorphology: American Geophysical Union, Water Science and Application Series. v. 8, 290 p.

Herman, J., Hupp, C., Langland, M., 2003, Watershed sediment deposition and storage, in Langland, Mi., and Cronin, T., eds., A summary report of sediment processes in Chesapeake Bay and watershed: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 03-4123, chapt. 4, p.42-48. (access to on-line chapter in pdf formataccess to on-line chapter in pdf format)

Hupp, C.R., and Bornette, G., 2003, Vegetation as a tool in the interpretation of fluvial geomorphic processes and landforms in humid temperate areas , in Kondolf, M., and Piegay, H., eds., Tools in fluvial geomorphology: John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, UK., Chapter 10., p. 269-288.

Williams, D.J., Rybicki, N.B., Lombana, A.V., O'Brien, T.M., Gomez, R.B., 2003, Preliminary investigation of submerged aquatic vegetation mapping using hyperspectral remote sensing: Environmental Monitoring and Assessement. v. 81, no. 1, p. 383-392. (on-line abstract)


For bibliographic citations by Gregory Noe prior to 2010, see Limnological Phenomena in Impounded Rivers and Hydrologic, Ecological, and Biogeochemical Processes in Flowing Waters

FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON THIS PROJECT, CONTACT:
Cliff R. Hupp (professional profile)
U.S. Geological Survey, 430 National Center, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, VA 20192
Email: crhupp@usgs.gov
Telephone: 703-648-5207

Gregory Noe (professional profile)
U.S. Geological Survey, 430 National Center,12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, VA 20192
Email: gnoe@usgs.gov
Telephone: 703-648-5826

Nancy B. Rybicki
U.S. Geological Survey, 430 National Center, 12201 Sunrise Valley Drive, Reston, VA 20192
Email: nrybicki@usgs.gov
Telephone: 703-648-5728
For additional bibliographic citations for Nancy Rybicki, see Remote Sensing and Ecological Research in Wetlands

For information on additional projects in the National Research Program, see Indexes to NRP projects and bibliographies.

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