National Research Program


Hydrology of Fractured Rocks

Fractures often serve as major conduits for movement of water and dissolved chemicals through hard rocks in the underground. Understanding fluid flow and mass transport in fractured rocks is essential for assessing the ground-water resources of hard-rock aquifers, investigating the suitability of underground sites for hazardous waste disposal, and predicting the movement of hazardous chemicals if contamination occurs. Existing theory of fluid flow through porous media is of limited usefulness when applied to fractured rocks. The low permeability and highly heterogeneous nature of fractured rocks require extension of current theory and field methods. It is particularily important that theroetical developments be applicable on a scale commensurate with field measurements. Objectives are to: (1) develop theoretical model of fluid flow and solute transport in fractured rocks with particular emphasis on characterizing the effects of heterogeneities on different scales; (2) develop field methods (hydraulic and tracer tests) to characterize the flow and transport properties of fractured rocks; and (3) combine the use of geological, geophysical, and geochemical methods with hydraulic and tracer tests to develop an integrated approach to modeling flow and transport in fractured rocks.

REPORTS PUBLISHED 2003-2012

McNutt, M.K., R. Camilli, T.J. Crone, G.D. Guthrie, P.A. Hsieh, T.B. Ryerson, O. Savasg, and F. Shafferd, in press (web publiccation 12/20/11), Review of flow rate estimates of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences doi: 10.1073/pnas.1112139108. (on-line abstract of preprint)

Berg, S.J., Hsieh, P.A., and Walter A. Illman, W.A., 2011, Estimating hydraulic parameters when poroelastic effects are significant: Ground Water, v. 49, no. 6, p. 815-829. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Hsieh, P.A., 2011, Application of MODFLOW for oil reservoir simulation during the Deepwater Horizon crisis: Ground Water, v. 49, no. 3, p. 319-323. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 659 KB compiled by the National GroundWater Association: no claim to original US government works.)

Hsieh, P.A., 2010, Computer simulation of reservoir depletion and oil flow from the Macondo well following the Deepwater Horizon blowout: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1266, 18 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 475 KB

Tiedeman, C.R., Lacombe, P.J., and Goode, D.J., 2010, Multiple well-shutdown tests and site-scale flow simulation in fractured rocks: Ground Water, v. 48 no. 3, p. 401 - 415. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 1275 KB, compiled by the National GroundWater Association: no claim to original US government works.)

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., Goode, D.J., Tiedeman, C., Lacombe, P.J., Kaiser, K., and Benner, R., 2009, Biochemical indicators for the bioavailability of organic carbon in ground water: Ground Water, v. 47, no. 1, p. 108-121. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 823 KB, published by the National Ground Water Association, no claim to original U.S. Government works)

Hsieh, P.A., 2009, Book Review--Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics: Geofluids, v. 9, p. 251-252. (on-line review in pdf format, 84 KB, published by Wiley Interscience as a U.S. Government work in the public domain)

Hutnak, M., Hurwitz, S., Ingebritsen, S.E., and Hsieh, P.A., 2009 , Numerical models of caldera deformation: Effects of multi-phase and multi-component hydrothermal fluid flow: Journal of Geophysical Research , v. 114, B04411, doi:10.1029/2008JB006151. (on-line abstract or on-line article in pdf format, 977 KB, published by the American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright.)

Murdoch, L.C., Hisz, D., Ebenhack, J., Fowler, D., Tiedeman, C.R., Germanovich, L., 2009, Preliminary Analysis of Hydromechanical Well Tests in Fractured Sedimentary Rock at the NAWC Site, New Jersey: Proceedings of the 43rd US Rock Mechanics Symposium and 4th U.S.-Canada Rock Mechanics Symposium, Asheville, North Carolina,  June 28th – July 1.

Kipp, Jr., K.L., Hsieh, P.A., and Charlton, S.R., 2008, Guide to the revised ground-water flow and heat transport simulator: HYDROTHERM -- Version 3: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 6-A25, 160 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 3 MB)

Goode, D.J., Tiedeman, C.R., Lacombe, P.J., Imbrigiotta, T.E., Shapiro, A.M., and Chapelle, F.H., 2007, Contamination in fractured-rock aquifers--Research at the Naval Air Warfare Center, West Trenton, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3074. (on-line abstract of on-line fact sheet in pdf format, 647 KB)

Hill, M.C., and Tiedeman, C.R., 2007, Effective Groundwater Model Calibration: With Analysis of Data, Sensitivities, Predictions, and Uncertainty: Wiley and Sons, 464 p. (on-line book information)

Hsieh, P.A., Barber, M.E., Contor, B.A., Hossain, M.A., Johnson, G.S., Jones, J.L., and Wylie, A.H., 2007, Ground-water flow model for the Spokane-Rathdrum Prairie aquifer, Spokane County, Washington, and Bonner and Kootenai Counties, Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5044, 77 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report and model)

Hurwitz, S., Christiansen, L.B., and Hsieh, P.A., 2007, Hydrothermal fluid flow and deformation in large calderas: Inferences from numerical simulations: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 112, B02206, doi:10.1029/2006JB004689. (on-line abstract or on-line journal article in pdf format, 703 kb, published 2007 by American Geophysical Union, not subject to U.S. copyright)

Shapiro, A.M., Hsieh, P.A., Burton, W.C., and Walsh, G.J., 2007, Integrated multi-scale characterization of ground-water flow and chemical transport in fractured crystalline rock at the Mirror Lake Site, New Hampshire, in Hyndman, D.W., Day-Lewis, F.D., and Singha, K., eds., Subsurface Hydrology: Data Integration for Properties and Processes: American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph Series, v. 171, p. 201–225.

Tiedeman, C.R. and Hill. M.C., 2007, Model calibration and issues related to validation, sensitivity analysis, post-audit, uncertainty evaluation, and assessment of prediction data needs, in Thangarajan, M., ed., Groundwater: Berlin, Springer, p. 237-282. (originally published in 2006 in Thangarajan, M., Groundwater: Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management: Capital Publishing, New Delhi, Chapt. 9.)

Tonkin, M.J., Tiedeman C.R., Ely D.M., and Hill M.C., 2007, OPR-PPR, a computer program for assessing data importance to model predictions using linear statistics: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods Report, book 6, chapt. E2, 115 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 1.2 MB)

Brocher, T.M., Carr, M.D., Halsing, D.L., John, D.A., Langenheim, V.E., Mangan, M.T., Marvin-DiPasquale, M.C., Takekawa, J.Y., and Tiedeman, C.R., 2006, USGS science in Menlo Park; a science strategy for the U. S. Geological Survey Menlo Park Science Center, 2005-2015: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1290, 42 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 4.5 MB)

Heilweil, V.M., and Hsieh, P.A., 2006, Determining anisotropic transmissivity using a simplified Papadopulos method: Ground Water, v. 44, p. 749-753. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Tiedeman, C.R., and M.C. Hill, 2006, Model calibration and issues related to validation, sensitivity analysis, post-audit, uncertainty evaluation and assessment of prediction data needs, in Thangarajan, M., Groundwater: Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management: Capital Publishing, New Delhi, Chapt. 9, p. 235-282.

Christiansen, L.B., Hurwitz, S., Saar, M.A., Ingebritsen, S.E., and Hsieh, P.A., 2005, Seasonal seismicity at western United States volcanic centers: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 240, no. 2, p. 307-321. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Kipp, K.L., Hsieh, P.A., Hayba, D.O., and Ingebritsen, S.E., 2005, HYDROTHERM: A simulator of two-phase ground-water flow and heat transport: International Ground Water Modeling Center Newsletter, v. 23, no. 3, p. 3.

Tiedeman, C.R., Ely, D.M., Hill, M.C., and O'Brien, G.M., 2004, A method for evaluating the importance of system state observations to model predictions, with application to the Death Valley regional groundwater flow system: Water Resources Research, v.40, no, 12, doi:10.1029/2004WR003313 (on-line abstract)

Tiedeman, C.R., and Hill, M.C., 2004, Using sensitivity analysis in model calibration efforts, Proceedings of the International Workshop in Uncertainty, Sensitivity, and Parameter Estimation for Multimedia Environmental Modeling, August 19-21 2003: U.S. NRC Publication NUREG/CP-0187, p. 53-56.

Tiedeman, C.R., and Hsieh, P.A., 2004, Evaluation of longitudinal dispersivity estimates from simulated forced- and natural-gradient tracer tests in heterogeneous aquifers: Water Resources Research, v. 40, no. 1, 15 p. (on-line abstract)

Hill, M.C. and Tiedeman, C.R, 2003, Weighting observations in the context of calibrating ground-water models, in Karel Kovar, and Hrkal Zbynek, eds., Calibration and Reliability in Groundwater Modelling, A few steps closer to reality: IAHS Publication 277, p. 196-203. (on-line abstract)

Tiedeman, C.R., Hill, M.C., D'Agnese, F.A., and Faunt, C.C., 2003, Methods for using ground-water model predictions to guide hydrogeologic data collection with application to the Death Valley regional groundwater flow system: Water Resources Research, v. 39, no. 1, p. 5-1 to 5-17. (on-line abstract)

Tiedeman, C.R., and Hsieh, P.A., 2003, Evaluation of longitudinal dispersivity estimates from forced-gradient tracer tests in heterogeneous aquifers in Kovar, K., and Zbynek, H., eds., Calibration and Reliability in Groundwater Modelling: A Few Steps Closer to Reality: IAHS Publication 277, p. 168-174. (on-line abstract)

Tiedeman, C.R., and Hsieh, P.A., 2003, Evaluation of simulated forced-gradient tracer test in heterogeneous aquifers - Different test types yield different longitudinal dispersivity estimates, in Poeter, E.P, Zheng, C., Hill, M.C. and Doherty, J., eds. MODFLOW and more 2003, Understanding through Modeling [Proceedings]: Golden, CO, Colorado School of Mines, September 16-19, 2003, p. 264-268.


FOR ADDITIONAL INFOMATION ABOUT THIS PROJECT, CONTACT
Paul A. Hsieh (professional profile)
U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Rd, MS496, Menlo Park, CA 94025
Email: pahsieh@usgs.gov
Phone: 650-329-4580

Claire Tiedeman (professional profile)
U.S. Geological Survey, 345 Middlefield Rd, MS496, Menlo Park, CA 94025
Email: tiedeman@usgs.gov
Phone: 650-329-4583

 For information on additional projects in the National Research Program, see Indexes to NRP projects and bibliographies.

*For articles in Adobe® (.PDF) format, please note that you can download a free copy of Adobe® Acrobat® Reader® here. Also see Adobe® accessibility information, Information for users with disabilities, if applicable.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo USA.gov logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/proj.bib/hsieh.html
Page Contact Information: Linda Friedman
Page Last Modified: Tuesday, 04-Mar-2014 11:28:28 EST