National Research Program


Geochemistry of Mineral-Water Reactions

Minerals may influence the chemistry of ground water and other aqueous solutions through precipitation, dissolution and ion exchange reactions. An understanding of these reactions is crucial for predicting the behavior of toxic wastes in disposal areas. How do the various minerals react with waters of varying composition at different temperatures and pressures? After the fundamentals of these processes are understood, how can they be applied to prediction, maintenance, and (or) improvement of water quality? Project objectives are (1) to develop an understanding of the mechanisms of mineral crystal growth; (2) to gather basic information on clay mineral structure and chemistry; and (3) to try to understand the precipitation and alteration of clay minerals in natural and synthetic systems.

REPORTS PUBLISHED 2003-2012

Liu, D., Dong, H., Bishop, M.E., Zhang, J., Wang, H., Huang, L., and Eberl, D.D., 2012 (web publication 11/10/11), Microbial reduction of structural iron in interstratified illite-smectite minerals by a sulfate-reducing bacterium: Geobiology, v. 10, no. 2, p. 150-162. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Anderson, S.P., Anderson, R.S., Hinckley, E.L.S. Kelly, P., and Blum, A., 2011, Exploring weathering and regolith transport controls on Critical Zone development with models and natural experiments: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, supplement 1 [Ninth International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface (GES-9)], p. s3-s5. (on-line abstract of article)

Barringer, J.L. , Reilly, P.A. , Eberl, D.D. , Blum, A.E. , Bonin, J.L. , Rosman, R., Hirst, B., Alebus, M., Cenno, K., and Gorska, M., 2011, Arsenic in sediments, groundwater, and streamwater of a glauconitic Coastal Plain terrain, New Jersey, USA - Chemical "fingerprints" for geogenic and anthropogenic sources: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, no. 5, p. 763-776. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Eberl, D.D., Blum, A.E., and Serravezza, M., 2011, Anatomy of a metabetnonite: nucleation and growth of illite crystals and their coalesence into mixed-layer illite/smectite: American Mineralogist, v. 96, no. 4, p. 586-593. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Fleck, J.A.., Alpers, C.N., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., Hothem, R.L., Wright, S.A., Ellett, K., Beaulieu, E., Agee, J.L., Kakouros, E., Kieu, L.H., Eberl, D.D., Blum, A.E., and May, J.T., 2011, The effects of sediment and mercury mobilization in the South Yuba River and Humbug Creek Confluence Area,, Nevada County, California: Concentrations, speciation, and environmental fate - Part 1: Field characterization: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report, 2010-1325A, 104 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 16.5 MB)

Rasmussen, C., Brantley, S., Richter, D.D.B., Blum, A., Dixon, J., and White, A.F., 2011, Strong climate and tectonic control on plagioclase weathering in granitic terrain: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 301, no. 3-4, p. 521-530. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Resner, K., Yoo, K., Hale, C., Aufdenkampe, A., Blum, A., and Sebestyen, S., 2011, Elemental and mineralogical changes in soils due to bioturbation along an earthworm invasion chronosequence in Northern Minnesota: Applied Geochemistry, v. 26, supplement 1 [Ninth International Symposium on the Geochemistry of the Earth's Surface (GES-9)], p. s127-s131. (on-line abstract of article

Williams, L.B., Metge, D.W., Eberl, D.D., Harvey, R.W., Turner, A.G., Prapaipong, P., and Poret-Peterson, A.T., 2011, What makes a natural clay antibacterial?: Environmental Science & Technology, v. 45, no. 8, p. 3768–3773. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Andrews, J.T., Jennings, A.E., Coleman, G.C., and Eberl, D.D., 2010, Holocene variations in mineral and grain-size composition along the East Greenland glaciated margin (ca 67°-70°N): Local versus long-distance sediment transport: Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 29, no, 19-20, p. 2619-2632. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Mohanram, A., Ray, C., Harvey, R.W., Metge, D.W., Ryan, J.N., Chorover, J., and Eberl, D.D., 2010, Comparison of transport and attachment behaviors of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and oocyst-sized microspheres being advected through three minerologically different granular porous media: Water Research, v. 44, no. 18, p. 5334-5344. (on-line abstract of journal article

Andrews, J.T., Darby, D., Eberle [sic], D., Jennings, A.E., Moros, M., and Ogilvie, A., 2009, A robust, multisite Holocene history of drift ice off northern Iceland: Implications for North Atlantic climate: Holocene, v. 19, no. 1, p. 71-77. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Eberl, D.D., and Smith, D.B., 2009, Mineralogy of soils from two continental-scale transects across the United States and Canada and its relation to soil geochemistry and climate: : Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 8, p. 1394-1404. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Ortiz, J.D., Polyak, L., Grebmeier, J.M., Darby, D., Eberl, D.D., Naidu, S., and Nof, D., 2009, Provenance of Holocene sediment on the Chukchi-Alaskan margin based on combined diffuse spectral reflectance and quantitative X-Ray Diffraction analysis: Global and Planetary Change, v. 68, no. 1-2, p. 73-84. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Polyak, L., Bischof, J., Ortiz, J.D., Darby, D.A., Channell, J.E.T., Xuan, C., Kaufman, D.S., Reidar Løvlief, R., Schneiderg, D.A., Eberl, D.D., Adlera, R.E., and Council, E.A.,2009, Late Quaternary stratigraphy and sedimentation patterns in the western Arctic Ocean: Global and Planetary Change, v. 68, no. 1-2, p. 5-17. (on-line abstract of journal article).

White, A.F., Schulz, M.S., Stonestrom, D.A., Vivit, D.V., Fitzpatrick, J., Bullen, T.D., ,Maher, K., and Blum, A.E., 2009, Chemical weathering of a marine terrace chronosequence, Santa Cruz, California. Part II: Solute profiles, gradients and the comparisons of contemporary and long-term weathering rates: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 73, no. 10, p. 2769-2803. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Woodruff, L.G., Cannon, W.F., Eberl, D.D., Smith, D.B., Kilburn, J.E., Horton, J.D., Garrett, R.G., and Klassen, R.A., 2009, Continental-scale patterns in soil geochemistry and mineralogy: Results from two transects across the United States and Canada: Applied Geochemistry, v. 24, no. 8, p. 1369-1381. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Yoo, K., Mudd, S.M., Sanderman, J., Amundson, R., and Blum, A., 2009, Spatial patterns and controls of soil chemical weathering rates along a transient hillslope: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 288, no. 1-2, p. 184-193. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Yu, B., Dong, H., Jiang, H., Lv, G., Eberl, D., Li, S., and Kim, J., 2009, The role of clay minerals in the preservation of organic matter in sediments of Qinghai Lake, NW China: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 57, no. 2, p. 213-226. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Zhang, G., Dong, H., Jiang, H., Kukkadapu, R.K., Kim, J., Eberl, D., and Xu, Z., 2009, Biomineralization associated with microbial reduction of Fe3+ and oxidation of Fe2+ in solid minerals: American Mineralogist, v. 94, no. 7, p. 1049-1058. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Eberl, D.D., 2008, User’s guide to HandLens—A computer program that calculates the chemistry of minerals in mixtures: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008–1244, 27 p. (on-line abstract and link to program or on-line report in pdf format, 950 KB)

Gough, L.P., Crock, J.G., Wang. B., Day, W.C., Eberl, D.D., Sanzolone, R.F., and Lamothe, P.J., 2008, Substrate geochemistry and soil development in boreal forest and trundra ecosystems in the Yukon-Tanana upland and Seward Peninsula, Alaska:  U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2088-5010, 18 p. (on-line abstract or on-line report in pdf format, 2.38 MB)

Jaisi, D.P., Ji, S., Dong, H., Blake, R.E., Eberl, D.D., and Kim, J., 2008, Role of microbial Fe(III) reduction and solution chemistry in aggregation and settling of suspended particles in the Mississippi River delta plain, Louisiana, USA: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 56, p. 416-428. (on-line abstract of journal article)

White, A.F., Schulz, M.S., Vivit, D.V., Blum, A.E., Stonestrom, D.A., and Anderson, S.P., 2008, Chemical weathering of a marine terrace chronosequence, Santa Cruz, California I: Interpreting rates and controls based on soil concentration-depth profiles: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 72, p. 36-68. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Williams, L.B., Haydel, S.E., Giese, R.F., Eberl, D.D., 2008, Chemical and mineralogical characteristics of French green clays used for healing: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 56, no. 4, p. 437-452. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Andrews, J. and Eberl, D.D., 2007, Quantitative mineralogy of surface sediments on the Iceland shelf, and application to down-core studies of Holocene ice-rafted sediments: Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 77, p. 469-479. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Blum, A.E., and Eberl, D.D., 2007, Measurement of surface areas by polyvinylpyrrolidone sorption: U.S. Patent No. 7,264,777. (on-line patent)

Andrews, J., Eberl, D.D., and Kristjansdottir, G.B., 2006, An exploratory method to detect tephras from quantitative XRD scans: examples from Iceland and east Greenland marine sediments: The Holocene, v. 16, p. 1035-1042. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Christidis, G.E., Blum, A.E., and Eberl D.D., 2006, Influence of layer charge and charge distribution of smectites on the flow behaviour and swelling of bentonites: Applied Clay Science, v. 34, no. 1-4, p. 125-138. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Moros, M., Andrews, J.T., Eberl, D.D., and Jansen, E., 2006, Holocene history of drift ice in the northern North Atlantic: Evidence for different spatial and temporal modes: Paleoceanography, v. 21, doi:10.1029/2005PA001214. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Seabaugh, J.L., Dong, H., Kukkadapu, R.K., Eberl, D.D., Morton, J. P., and Kim, J., 2006, Microbial reduction of Fe(III) in the Fithian and Muloorina illites: Contrasting extents and rates of bioreduction: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 54, no. 1, p. 67-79. (on-line abstract of journal article)

White, A.F., Schulz, M.S., Vivit, D.V., Blum, A.E., and Stonestrom, D.A., 2006, Controls on pore water solutes: An approach for distinguishing between biogenic and lithogenic processes: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, v. 88, p. 363-366. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Zhang, G., Dong, H., Jiang, H., Xu, Z., and Eberl, D.D., 2006, Unique microbial community in drilling fluids from Chinese continental scientific drilling: Geomicrobiological Journal, v. 23, p. 499-514. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Aldega, L. and Eberl, D.D., 2005, A method for quatifying detrital illite from crystallite thickness measurements: American Mineralogist , v. 90, p.1587-1596. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Hochella, M.F., Jr., Moore, J.N., Putnis, C.V., Putnis, A., Kasama, T., and Eberl, D. D., 2005, Direct observation of heavy metal-mineral association from the Clark Fork River Superfund Complex: Implications for metal transport and bioavailability: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 69, no. 7, p.1,651-1,663. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Jaisi, D.P., Kukkadapu, R.K. Eberl, D.D., and Dong, H., 2005, Control of Fe(III) site occupancy and the rate and extent of microbial reduction of Fe(III) in nontronite: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 69, no. 23, p. 5,429-5,440. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Kile, D.E., 2005, Mineralogy and provenance of clay minerals in miarolitic cavitites of the Pikes Peak batholith: Canadian Mineralogist, v. 43, no. 3, p. 1093-1105. (on-line abstract of journal article)

White A.F., Schulz M.S., Vivit D.V., Blum A.E., Stonestrom D.A., and Harden, J., 2005, Chemical weathering rates of a soil chronosequence on granitic alluvium: III Hydrochemical evolution and contemporary solute fluxes and rates: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 69, p. 1,975-1,996. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Blum, A.E., 2004, Determining dissolution, precipitation and nucleation rate laws in natural systems, Proceedings of the Federal Interagency Workshop on Subsurface Reactive Transport Modeling. (on-line paper)

Blum, A.E. and Eberl, D.D., 2004, Measurement of clay surface areas by polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) sorption and its use for quantifying illite and smectite abundance: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 52, no. 5, p. 589- 602. (on-line abstract of journal article)

Eberl, D.D., 2004, Quantitative mineralogy of the Yukon River system - changes with reach and season, and determining sediment provenance: American Mineralogist, v. .89, no.11-12, p.1784-1794. (on-line abstract of journal article in pdf format)

Kile, D.E., 2004, Synthetic calcite - the quest for an alternative for Iceland spar: Matrix, v. 11, p. 112-115.

Kim, J., Dong, H., Seabaugh, J., Newell, S.W., and Eberl, D.D., 2004, Role of microbes in the smectite-to-illite reaction: Science, v. 203, p. 830-832. (on-line abstract)

White, A.F., Schulz, M.S., Vivit, D., and Blum, A.E., 2004. Hydrochemical evolution and contempory weathering rates in a soil chronosequence, Merced, California, USA, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal, R.R., II, eds., Water-Rock Interaction, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Saratoga Springs, New York, July 2004: New York, A.A. Balkema, v. 1, p. 891-894.

Zhu, C., Blum, A.E., and Veblen, D.R., 2004, Feldspar dissolution rates and clay precipitation in the Navajo aquifer at Black Mesa, Arizona, USA, in Wanty, R.B., and Seal, R.R., II, eds., Water-Rock Interaction, Proceedings of the Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Saratoga Springs, New York, July 2004: New York, A.A. Balkema, v. 1, p. 441-442.

Anderson S.P., and Blum A.E., 2003, Controls on chemical weathering: small- and large-scale perspectives: Chemical Geology, v. 202, no. 3, p. 191-193. (on-line summary plus)

Anderson, S.P., and Blum, A.E., 2003, eds., Controls on chemical weathering: Chemical Geology, special issue, v. 202, 507 p.

Brigatti, M.F., Kile, D.E., Poppi, M., 2003, Crystal structure and chemistry of Li-containing trioctahedral micas-3T: European Journal of Mineralogy, v. 15, no. 2, p. 349-355. (on-line abstract)

Christidis, G.E. and Eberl, D.D. 2003, Determination of layer-charge characteristics of smectites: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 51, p. 644-655. (on-line abstract)

Eberl, D.D., 2003 User guide to RockJock - A program for determining quantitative mineralogy from X-ray diffraction data: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 03-78, 36 p.

Eberl, D.D., 2003, Sediment Mineralogy, in Schuster, P.F., ed., Water and sediment quality in the Yukon River Basin, Alaska, during water year 2001: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 03-427, p. 49-54.

Eberl, D.D., Srodon, J., and Drits, V.A., 2003, Comment on "Evaluation of X-ray diffraction methods for determining the crystal growth mechanisms of clay minerals in mudstones, shales and slates" by L.N. Warr and D.L. Peacor: Schweizerische Mineralogische Petrographische Mitteilungen, v. 83, p. 349-358.

Kile, D.E., 2003, The petrographic microscope - evolution of a mineralogical research instrument: The Mineralogical Record (Nov), Tucson, Arizona.

Kile, D.E. and Eberl, D.D., 2003, On the origin of size-dependent and size-independent crystal growth: Influence of advection and diffusion: American Mineralogist, v. 88, p. 1514-1521. (on-line abstract in pdf format)

Kile, D.E. and Eberl, D.D., 2003, Quantitative mineralogy and particle-size distribution of bed sediments in the Boulder CreekWatershed, Colorado, Chapter 7 in Murphy, S.F., Verplanck, P.L., and Barber, L.B., eds., Comprehensive water quality of the Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado, during high-flow and low-flow conditions, 2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4045, p. 173-184. (on-line chapter in pdf format)

Shang, C., Rice, J.A., Eberl, D.D., and Lin, J.S., 2003, Measurement of illite particle thickness using a direct Fourier transform of small-angle X-ray scattering data. Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 51, p. 293-300. (on-line abstract)


FOR ADDITIONAL INFOMATION ABOUT THIS PROJECT, CONTACT
Dennis D. Eberl
U.S. Geological Survey, 3215 Marine St., Boulder, CO 80303
Email: ddeberl@usgs.gov
Telephone: 303-541-3028

Alex E. Blum
U.S. Geological Survey, 3215 Marine St., Boulder, CO 80303
Email: aeblum@usgs.gov
Telephone: 303-541-3027

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