National Research Program (NRP)
The USGS National Research Program (NRP), part of the USGS Water Mission Area, conducts research to develop and disseminate science-based information and tools needed for a fundamental understanding of the processes that affect the availability, movement, and quality of the Nation’s water resources. Our science supports a wide range of policies and activities, including:
In a case study of dams on the upper Missouri River, USGS researchers have demonstrated that an upstream dam is still a major control of river dynamics where the backwater effects of a downstream reservoir begin. In light of this finding, the conventional understanding of how a dam can influence a river may have to be adjusted to account for the fact that effects of river dams can interact with one another. Read the full press release
Recent U.S. Geological Survey research has found that natural biochemical processes in water moving back and forth between a stream and its underlying sediment were significant in removing nitrate from streams in the Illinois River basin, one of the world’s most intensively farmed regions. Read the full press release
USGS scientists have determined that high-salinity groundwater found more than 1,000 meters (0.6 mi.) deep under the Chesapeake Bay is actually remnant water from the Early Cretaceous North Atlantic Sea and is probably 100-145 million years old. This is the oldest sizeable body of seawater to be identified worldwide. Read the full press release
USGS NRP scientist David Parkhurst was elected as a GSA Fellow following receipt of the 2012 O.E. Meinzer Award, the highest award of the Hydrogeology Division of GSA. The award and Fellowship was in recognition of his contribution to the field of hydrogeology, specifically the development of geochemical models that describe the chemical reactions that occur in water in the subsurface environment.
USGS NRP scientist John Karl Bohlke has been elected as a GSA Fellow for his outstanding publications that have advanced the state of the science of geologic research. GSA Fellowship is an honor bestowed on the most outstanding scientists in recognition of distinguished contributions to the geosciences.
The editors of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry nominate 24 of the 350 papers they publish each year for an annual "Best Paper Award" on the basis of scientific impact, public and professional interest, comprehension, and experimental design and quality. A paper by NRP scientists Jim Kuwabara, Brent Topping, and Jim Carter is among the top five papers selected for the 2012 Award. The paper is: Kuwabara, J.S., Topping, B.R., Carter, J.L., Wood, T.M., Cameron, J.M., Asbill-Case, J.R., and Carlson, R.A. 2012. Changes in benthic nutrient scources within a wetland after hydrologic reconnection, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31 (9): 1995-2013
Chris Green (USGS-NRP) was recognized as "Outstanding Associate Editor" by the editorial board of the Journal of Environmental Quality (CSA News, April 2013).
NRP scientists Rick Healy and Hedeff Essaid were selected to receive a 2013 ASABE Superior Paper Award for their paper: Healy, R.W., and Essaid, H.I., 2012, VS2DI: Model use, Calibration, and Validation: Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, vol. 55(3), 1249-1260. The ASABE Paper Awards are selected annually from papers of engineering merit published during the prior calendar year in ASABE publications of Applied Engineering in Agriculture, Transactions of the ASABE, Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health or Biological Engineering Transactions.
Paul Hsieh Honored with Prestigious Federal Employee of the Year Medal - September 2011
Dr. Paul Hsieh, NRP research hydrologist for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), has earned the Federal Employee of the Year Medal for providing critical scientific information during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Dr. Hsieh’s calculations were key in helping senior federal officials and scientists conclude that the containment cap on the ruptured well was working and did not need to be removed, thus ensuring no additional oil leaked into the Gulf of Mexico. Read the full press release