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Groundwater-Quality Trends

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Publications

National-Scale Groundwater-Quality Trends

Bexfield, L.M., Decadal-Scale Changes of Pesticides in Ground Water of the United States, 1993-2003: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-226 to S-239.

Burow, K.R., Nolan, B.T., Rupert, M.G., and Dubrovski, N.M., 2010, Nitrate in Groundwater of the United States, 1991-2003: Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 44, no 7, p. 4988-4997.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., McMahon, P.B., and Lindsey, B.D., 2009, What does "Water Quality" mean: Technical Commentary, Ground Water, v. 47, No. 6, p. 752-754.

Dubrovsky, N.M., Burow, K.R., Clark, G.M., Gronberg, J.M., Hamilton P.A., Hitt, K.J., Mueller, D.K., Munn, M.D., Nolan, B.T., Puckett, L.J., Rupert, M.G., Short, T.M., Spahr, N.E., Sprague, L.A., and Wilber, W.G., 2010, The quality of our Nation's waters—Nutrients in the Nation's streams and groundwater, 1992–2004: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1350, 174 p.

Gilliom and others, 2006, The Quality of Our Nation's Waters-Pesticides in the Nation's Streams and Ground Water, 1992-2001: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1291,172 p.

Lindsey, B.D., and Rupert, M.G., 2012, Methods for Evaluating Temporal Groundwater Quality Data and Results of Decadal-Scale Changes in Chloride, Dissolved Solids, and Nitrate Concentrations in Groundwater in the United States, 1998-2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investgations Report 2012-5049.

Mueller, D.K., and Helsel, D.R., 1996, Nutrients in the Nation's Waters-Too Much of a Good Thing?: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1136, 24 p.

Nolan, B.T., and Stoner, J.D., 2000, Nutrients in Ground Waters of the Conterminous United States, 1992-1995: Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 34, no. 7, p. 1156-1165.

Rosen, M.R., and Lapham, W.W., 2008, Introduction to the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) of Ground-Water Quality Trends and Comparison to Other National Programs: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-190 to S-198.

Rosen, M.R., Voss, F.D., and Arufe, J.A., 2008, Evaluation of Intra-annual Variation in U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Ground Water Quality Data: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-199 to S-208.

Rupert, M.G., 2008, Decadal-Scale Changes of Nitrate in Ground Water of the United States, 1988-2004: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-240 to S-248.

 

Factors Affecting Groundwater-Quality Trends

Barlow, Jeannie R.B., Kingsbury, J. A., and Coupe, R. H., 2012, Changes in shallow groundwater quality beneath recently urbanized areas in the Memphis, Tennessee area: Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 48, no. 2, p. 336-354. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00616.x

Burow, K.R., Jurgens, B.C., Belitz, K., and N.M. Dubrovsky, 2012, Assessment of regional change in nitrate concentrations in groundwater in the Central Valley, California, USA, 1950s-2000s: Environmental Earth Sciences, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 2609-2621 DOI 10.1007/s12665-012-2082-4 [Link]

Burow, K.R., Shelton, J.L., and Dubrovsky, N.M., 2008, Regional Nitrate and Pesticide Trends in Ground Water in the Eastern San Joaquin Valley, California: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-249 to S-263.

Burow, K.R., Dubrovsky, N.M., Shelton, J.L., 2007, Temporal trends in concentrations of DBCP and nitrate in groundwater in the Eastern San Joaquin Valley, California, USA: Hydrogeology Journal, DOI 10.1007/s10040-006-0148-7.

Chapelle, F.H., Bradley, P.M., McMahon, P.B., Kaiser, Karl, and Benner, Ron, 2011, Dissolved Oxygen as an Indicator of Bioavailable Dissolved Organic Carbon in Groundwater: Ground Water, v. 50, n. 2, p. 230-241.

Dalton, M.S., and Frick, E.A., 2008, Fate and Transport of Pesticides in the Ground Water Systems of Southwest Georgia, 1993-2005: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-264 to S-272.

Debrewer, L.M., Ator, S.W., and Denver, J.M., 2008, Temporal Trends in Nitrate and Selected Pesticides in Mid-Atlantic Ground Water: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-296 to S-308.

Dennehy, K.F., Litke, D.W., Tate, C.M., Qi, S.L., McMahon, P.B., Bruce, B.W., Kimbrough, R.A., and Heiny, J.S., 1998, Water Quality in the South Platte River Basin, Colorado, Nebraska, and Wyoming, 1992-95: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1167

Denver, J.M., Tesoriero, A.J., and Barbaro, J.R., 2010, Trends and transformation of nutrients and pesticides in a coastal plain aquifer system, United Sates: Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 39, Januarary-February 2010, p. 154-167.

Frans, Lonna, 2008, Trends of Pesticides and Nitrate in Ground Water of the Central Columbia Plateau, Washington, 1993-2003: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-273 to S-280.

Frans, L.M., and Helsel, D.R., 2005. Evaluating regional trends in groundwater nitrate concentrations of the Columbia Basin Ground Water Management Area, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5078. USGS, 7 p.

Frick, E.A., Hippe, D.J., Buell, G.R., Couch, C.A., Hopkins, E.H., Wangsness, D.J., and Garrett, J.W., 1998, Water Quality in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River basin, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, 1992-95: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1164, p. 40,

Hinkle, S.R., Shapiro, S.D., Plummer, L.N., Busenberg, Eurybiades, Widman, P.K., Casile, G.C., and Wayland, J.E., 2010, Estimates of tracer-based piston-flow ages of groundwater from selected sites: National Water-Quality Assessment Program, 1992–2005: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5229, 90 p.

Landon, M.K., Green, C.T., Belitz, K., Singleton, M.J., and Esser, B.K., 2011, Relations of hydrogeologic factors, groundwater reduction-oxidation conditions, and temporal and spatial distributions of nitrate, Central-Eastside San Joaquin Valley, California, USA: Hydrogeology Journal, vol. 19, no. 6, DOI: 0.1007/s10040-011-0750-1.

McMahon, P.B., 2012, Use of classes based on redox and groundwater age to characterize the susceptibility of principal aquifers to changes in nitrate concentrations, 1991 to 2010: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5220, 41 p.

Paschke, S.S., Schaffrath, K.R., and Mashburn, S.L., 2008, Near-Decadal Changes in Nitrate and Pesticide Concentrations in the South Platte River Alluvial Aquifer, 1993-2004: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-281 to S-295.

Peters, C.A., Robertson, D.M., Saad, D.A., Sullivan, D.J., Scudder, B.C., Fitzpatrick, F.A., Richards, K.D., Stewart, J.S., Fitzgerald, S.A., and Lenz, B.N., 1998, Water Quality in the Western Lake Michigan Drainages, Wisconsin and Michigan, 1992-95: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1156, 40 p.

Puckett, L.J., Tesoriero, A.J., and Dubrovsky, N.M., 2011. Nitrogen Contamination of Surficial Aquifers--A Growing Legacy: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 45, no. 3, 839-844.

Puckett, L.J., and Cowdery, T.K., 2002, Transport and fate of nitrate in a glacial outwash aquifer in relation to ground water age, land use practices, and redox processes: Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 31, no. 3, p. 782-796.

Saad, D.A., 2008, Agriculture-Related Trends in Groundwater Quality of the Glacial Deposits Aquifer, Central Wisconsin: Journal of Environmental Quality, September-October 2008 [Supplement], vol. 37, p. S-209 to S-225.

Shedlock, R.J., Denver, J.M., Hayes, M.A., Hamilton, P.A., Koterba, M.T., Bachman, L.J., Phillips, P.J., and Banks, W.S., 1999, Water-quality assessment of the Delmarva Peninsula, Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia; results of investigations, 1987-91: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2355-A, 41 p.

Tesoriero, A.J. and Puckett, L.J., 2011. O2 reduction and denitrification rates in shallow aquifers, Water Resources Research, v. 47, W12522, doi:10.1029/2011WR010471, 17 p.

Tesoriero, A.J., Saad, D.A., Burow, K.R., Frick, E.A., Puckett, L.J., and Barbash, J.E., 2007, Linking ground-water age and chemistry data along flow paths: Implications for trends and transformations of nitrate and pesticides: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, v. 94, 139-155, doi: 10.1016/j.conhyd.2007.05.007.

Williamson, A.K., Munn, M.D., Ryker, S.J., Wagner, R.J., Ebbert, J.C., and Vanderpool, A.M., 1998, Water Quality in the Central Columbia Plateau, Washington and Idaho, 1992-95: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1144

 

Simulation and Forecasting Groundwater-Quality Trends

Chapelle, F.H., P.J. Lacombe, and P.M Bradley. 2012. Estimated trichloroethene transformation rates due to naturally occurring biodegradation in a fractured rock aquifer: Remediation Journal vol. 22, issue 2, p 7-20.

Clark, D.W., Skinner, K.D., and Pollock, D.W., 2006, A Graphical Modeling Tool for Evaluating Nitrogen Loading to and Nitrate Transport in Ground Water in the Mid-Snake Region, South-Central Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2006–5137, 32 p.

Kauffman, L.J., Baehr, A.L., Ayers, M.A., Stackelberg, P.E., 2001, Effects of Land Use and Travel Time on the Distribution of Nitrate in the Kirkwood-Cohansey Aquifer System in Southern New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 2001-4117, 49p.

Liao, Lixia, Green, C. T., Bekins, B. A., and Böhlke, J. K., 2012, Factors controlling nitrate fluxes in groundwater in agricultural areas: Water Resources Research, vol. 48, W00L09, doi:10.1029/2011WR011008.

Skinner, K.D., and Rupert, M.G., 2012, Numerical model simulations of nitrate concentrations in groundwater using various nitrogen input scenarios, mid-Snake region, south-central Idaho: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5237, 30 p.

Starn, J.J., Bagtzoglou, A.C., and Robbins, G.A., 2012, Methods for simulating solute breakthrough curves in pumping groundwater wells: Computers & Geosciences 48: 244-255

Starn, J.J., Bagtzoglou, A.C., and Robbins, G.A., 2010, Using atmospheric tracers to reduce uncertainty in groundwater recharge areas: Ground Water Volume 48, Issue 6, November/December 2010, Pages: 858–868, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00674.x

Welch,H.L., Green, C.T., Coupe, R.H., 2011, The fate and transport of nitrate in shallow groundwater in northwestern Mississippi, USA: Hydrogeology Journal, 14 p., online in advance of print. doi: 10.1007/s10040-011-0748-8

 

Statistical Methods

Fong, D.Y.T., Kwan, C.W., Lam, K.F., and Lam, K.S.L., 2003, Use of the sign test for the median in the presence of ties: The American Statistician, vol. 57, no. 4, p. 237-240.

Helsel, D.R., Mueller, D.K., and Slack, J.R., 2005, Computer program for the Kendall family of trend tests: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5275, 4 p.

Helsel, D.R., and Hirsch, R.M., 1992, Statistical methods in water resources: U.S. Geological Survey, Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Book 4, Chapter A3, 510 p.

Pratt, J.W., 1959, Remarks on zeros and ties in the Wilcoxon signed rank procedures: American Statistical Association Journal, v. 54, no. 287, p. 655–667.

Wilcoxon, Frank, 1945, Individual comparisons by ranking methods: Biometrics Bulletin, v. 1, no. 6, p. 80-83, accessed May 16, 2011, at http://www.jstor.org/stable/i350470.

 

Additional Programs Investigating Groundwater-Quality Trends

The Heinz Center: The State of the Nation's Ecosystems 2008

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 2008 Report on the Environment

 

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