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Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project (FISP) Publications
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No. 1: FIELD PRACTICE AND EQUIPMENT USED IN SAMPLING SUSPENDED SEDIMENT 1940.
A detailed review of the equipment and methods used in suspended-sediment
sampling from the time of the earliest known investigations to 1940, with
discussions of the advantage and disadvantages of the various methods and
instruments used. The
requirements of a sampler that would satisfy all field conditions are set
No. 2: EQUIPMENT USED FOR SAMPLING BED LOAD AND BED MATERIAL 1940.
A review of the equipment and methods used in bed-load and bed-material
sampling in a manner similar to that in which Report No. 1 covers the
sampling of suspended sediment.
information is found in Geological Survey Water‑Supply Paper 1748,
"Apparatus and Techniques for measuring Bedload" by D. W. Hubbell,
available from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C., 20402.
- Report No. 3: ANALYTICAL
STUDY OF METHODS OF SAMPLING SUSPENDED SEDIMENT 1941.
Covers an investigation of the accuracy of various methods of sampling
suspended sediment in a vertical section of a stream.
This analytical study is based on the application of turbulence theories
to sediment transportation.
- ReportNo. 4: METHODS OF
ANALYZING SEDIMENT SAMPLES 1941.
many methods for determining the size of small particles and for establishing
the particle-size gradation and the total concentration of sediment in
samples. Detailed instructions
are given for many of the common methods that have been developed and used by
agencies doing extensive work in sedimentation.
- Report No. 5: LABORATORY
INVESTIGATIONS OF SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLERS 1941.
the effects of intake conditions on the representativeness of sediment samples
and on the filling characteristics of slow-filling samplers.
- Report No. 6: THE DESIGN
OF IMPROVED TYPES OF SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLERS 1952.
the development of various integrating samplers suitable for taking
vertically depth-integrated samples in flowing streams and others suitable
for taking time-integrated samples at a fixed point. Details of the recommended
types are given.
- Report No. 7: A STUDY OF
NEW METHODS FOR SIZE ANALYSIS OF SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLES 1943.
Reports on research to develop methods of size analysis suitable for most
suspendedsediment investigations and describes a new apparatus and
technique, the bottom-withdrawal-tube method.
- Report No. 8: MEASUREMENT
OF THE SEDIMENT DISCHARGE OF STREAMS 1948.
methods and equipment for use in making sediment measurements under the
diverse conditions that are encountered in streams. Superseded by Report No. 14.
- Report No. 9: DENSITY OF
SEDIMENTS DEPOSITED IN RESERVOIRS 1943.
data on the apparent density of sediment deposited in various reservoirs.
The results are summarized, and certain conclusions useful in
engineering studies are given.
Commentary on Report No. 9, 1959
- Report No. 10: ACCURACY
OF SEDIMENT SIZE ANALYSIS MADE BY THE BOTTOM-WITHDRAWAL-TUBE-METHOD 1953.
Recounts extensive tests made to evaluate the accuracy of the
bottom-withdrawal-tube method. Glass spheres of sand sizes were used as the
- Report No. 11: THE
DEVELOPMENT AND CALIBRATION OF THE VISUAL-ACCUMULATION TUBE 1957.
Describes the design of equipment and methodology useful for a simple and
accurate analysis of size gradation of sediments of sand sizes.
- Report No. 12: SOME
FUNDAMENTALS OF PARTICLE‑SIZE ANALYSIS 1957. From Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. Presents some of the basic concepts, definitions, and data on relationships
in the field of particle size analysis. The
relation of fall velocity to physical size is examined in detail.
- Report No. 13: THE SINGLE-STAGE
SAMPLER FOR SUSPENDED SEDIMENT 1961. From Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. Describes four types of sampler and discusses methods for obtaining samples
automatically when the water surface first rises to a selected stage.
- Report No. 14: DETERMINATION
OF FLUVIAL SEDIMENT DISCHARGE 1963.
This report reviews the equipment, practices, and some of the basic concepts
of fluvial sediment investigations. Fundamental
concepts of sediment transport are described. General principles of sediment
discharge measurements are discussed as
well as the practical aspects of selecting sampling points and of
determining frequency of sampling. Depth-integrating, point-integrating,
pumping type suspended-sediment samples and bed-material samplers are
- Report A,PRELIMINARY FIELD TESTS OF THE U.S. SEDIMENT-SAMPLING EQUIPMENT IN THE
COLORADO RIVER BASIN, APRIL 1944
- Report B, FIELD CONFERENCES (ON SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLING, SEPTEMBER
- Report C, COMPARATIVE FIELD TESTS ON
SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLERS PROGRESS REPORT, DECEMBER 1944
- Report D, COMPARATIVE FIELD TESTS ON SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT
SAMPLERS PROGRESS REPORT, JANUARY 1946
- Report E, MEASUREMENT
AND ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT LOADS IN STREAMS, JULY 1946
(See Trans. ASCE Vol. 116, P. 891, 1951 Paper No. 2450)
- Report F, FIELD TESTS ON SUSPENDED‑SEDIMENT
SAMPLERS, COLORADO RIVER AT BRIGHT ANGEL CREEK NEAR GRAND CANYON, ARIZONA, AUGUST 1951
- Report G, PRELIMINARY REPORT ON US DH-48 (HAND) SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLER
(Superseded by material in Report No. 6)
- Report H, INVESTIGATION OF
INTAKE CHARACTERISTICS OF DEPTH-INTEGRATING SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLERS AT THE
DAVID TAYLOR MODEL BASIN, NOVEMBER 1954
- Report I, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF US P-46
SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLER, MAY 1962
- Report J, OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS FOR US DH-48 SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT HAND SAMPLER, MAY 1965
- Report K, OPERATOR'S MANUAL, THE VISUAL-ACCUMULATION‑
TUBE METHOD FOR SEDIMENTATION ANALYSIS OF SANDS, OCTOBER 1958
- Report L,
VISUAL ACCUMULATION TUBE FOR SIZE ANALYSIS OF SANDS, Jour. Hydr.
Div., ASCE, Vol. 82, No. HY3, Paper No. 1004, JUNE 1956
- Report M, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF US BM-54
BED-MATERIAL SAMPLER, OCTOBER 1964
- Report N, INTERMITTENT PUMPING-TYPE SAMPLER
PROGRESS REPORT, FEBRUARY 1960
- Report 0, INSTRUCTIONS FOR
SAMPLING WITH DEPTH-INTEGRATING SEDIMENT SAMPLERS US D-49 AND US DH-59, APRIL 1965
- Report P,
INVESTIGATIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL-PRESSURE GAGES FOR MEASURING SUSPENDED‑SEDIMENT
CONCENTRATIONS, JUNE 1961
- Report Q, INVESTIGATION OF A PUMPING
SAMPLER WITH ALTERNATE SUSPENDED‑SEDIMENT HANDLING SYSTEMS PROGRESS
REPORT, June 1962
- Report R, ELECTRONIC SENSING OF SEDIMENT PROGRESS REPORT,
- Report S, A SUMMARY OF THE WORK OF
THE FEDERAL INTERAGENCY SEDIMENTATION PROJECT, JANUARY 1963
- Report T, LABORATORY INVESTIGATION
OF PUMPING-SAMPLER INTAKES PROGRESS REPORT, APRIL 1966
- Report U,
AN INVESTIGATION OF A DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE BULK DENSITY OF WATER‑SEDIMENT
MIXTURES, AUGUST 1974
- Report V, LABORATORY TESTS OF THE ISOKINETIC SAMPLING METHOD (This investigation
has not been completed)
- Report W, TEST AND DESIGN OF AUTOMATIC FLUVIAL
SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLERS, 1981
- Report X, A FLUID-DENSITY GAGE FOR
MEASURING SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION, 1982
- Report Y, DEVELOPMENT OF A BAG‑TYPE SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT
SAMPLERS, JULY 1982
- Report Z, THEORY AND OPERATION
MANUAL FOR THE AUTOPIPET SEMIAUTOMATIC PIPET WITHDRAWAL APPARATUS, 1982
- Report AA, FEDERAL INTERAGENCY SEDIMENTATION
INSTRUMENTS AND REPORTS, 1952 (Superseded by current catalog)
- Report BB, THEORY OF THE MANOMETRIC METHOD FOR
PARTICLE-SIZE DISTRIBUTION MEASUREMENTS (This investigation has not been completed)
- Report CC, TEST OF AN INFRARED LIGHT‑EMITTING
- Report DD, PROGRESS REPORT: PERFORMANCE OF THE
VIBRATING U‑TUBE FLUID-DENSITY GAGE
FOR MEASURING SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION, 1984
- Report EE, MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF A VIBRATIONAL-TYPE SEDIMENT-CONCENTRATION
GAGE (This investigation has not been completed)
- Report FF, MEASURING THE SURFACE AREA OF
SEDIMENT PARTICLES, 1984
- Report GG, DETERMINING TRUE DEPTH OF SAMPLERS
SUSPENDED IN DEEP, SWIFT RIVERS, 1987
- Report HH, PROGRESS REPORT: DESCRIPTION AND
TEST OF A STRAIGHT TUBE FLUID DENSITY GAGE FOR MEASURING SUSPENDED
SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION TO STREAMS, 1986
- Report II, PROGRESS REPORT ON TEMPERATURE
EFFECTS IN VIBRATIONAL TYPE SEDIMENT CONCENTRATION GAGES, 1987
- Report JJ, MODEL-B SEDIMENT-CONCENTRATION GAGE;
FACTORS INFLUENCING ITS READINGS AND A FORMULA FOR CORRECTING ITS ERRORS, 1989
- Report KK, EVALUATION OF PIPET AND X-RAY
PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING PARTICLE-SIZE DISTRIBUTIONS OF SEDIMENT, 1994
- Report LL, DEVELOPMENT OF THE
US D-95TM SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLER, JANUARY 2000
- Report MM, DEVELOPMENT OF THE
US DH-95TM SUSPENEDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLER, MAY 2000
- Report NN, A STUDY OF METHODS USED IN MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSISI OF SEDIMENT LOAD IN RESERVOIRS, MAY 2000
- Report OO,
PIPET AND X-RAY GRAIN-SIZE ANALYZERS: COMPARISON OF METHODS AND BASIC DATA, MAY 2000
- Report PP, THE US D-96: AN ISOKINETIC
SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT/WATER-QUALITY COLLAPSIBLE-BAG SAMPLER, APRIL 2001
- Report PP-Addendum I,
THE US D-96: AN ISOKINETIC SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT/WATER-QUALITY
COLLAPSIBLE-BAG SAMPLER-PERFLUOROALKOXY-POLYETHYLENE COLLAPSIBLE BAG COMPARISON,
- Report PP-Addendum
II, THE US D-96: AN ISOKINETIC SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT/WATER-QUALITY
COLLAPSIBLE-BAG SAMPLER-THE US D-96-A1: A LIGHTWEIGHT VERSION OF THE US
D-96, May 2003
- Report QQ, A GUIDE TO THE PROPER
SELECTION AND USE OF FEDERALLY APPROVED SEDIMENT AND WATER-QUALITY SAMPLERS,
- Report RR, The US D-99: AN ISOKINETIC
DEPTH-INTEGRATING COLLAPSIBLE-BAG SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT SAMPLER, August 2006
- Report SS, THE US DH-2:
A ONE-LITER HAND-LINE ISOKINETIC SUSPENDED-SEDIMENT/WATER-QUALITY
COLLAPSIBLE-BAG SAMPLER, June 2005
- Report TT, A SPREADSHEET ANALYSIS OF SUSPENDED
SEDIMENT SAMPLING ERRORS
- SUSPENDED SEDIMENT SAMPLER ERRORS SPREADSHEET
- 1986 FISP Equipment Catalog
- Acoustic Measurement
of Suspended Fine Particle Concentrations by Attenuation, Wayne O. Carpenter, Jr.,
James P. Chambers, Daniel G. Wren, Roger A. Kuhnle, and Jeffry A Diers, December 2009.
Research conducted by US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service National
Sedimentation Laboratory, Oxford, MS and the National Center for Physical Acoustics,
University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS
Relationships Between Bedload Traps and a 3-inch Helley-Smith Sampler in Coarse Gravel-bed
Streams and Development of Adjustment Functions, Kristin Bunte and Steven R. Abt, December
2009. Research conducted by Engineering Research Center, Colorado State University,
Fort Collins, CO
Measurement of Suspended Sediment Concentration
by J. V. Skinner, J. P. Beverage, and G. L. Goddard, Proceedings of Fourth
Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference, Las Vegas, Nev., 1986.
Suspended-Sediment in Ice-Covered Rivers, J. V. Skinner,
6th International NORTHERN RESEARCH BASINS Symposiums/Workshop, Michigan
Technological University, January 26-30, 1986.
- History of the Federal Interagency
Sedimentation Project, J.V. Skinner, Sediment Transport Modeling
Proceedings International Symposium/HY Div/ASCE, New Orleans, LA, August 14-18,
- Predicting Concentration Profiles in
Open Channels, H.E. Jobson & Others, Journal of the Hydraulics Division,
Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Oct. 1970
- Comparison: US P-61 and Delft
Sediment Samplers, J.P. Beverage and D.T. Williams, Journal of Hydraulic
Engineering, Vol 115, No. 12, December, 1989
- Suspended Sediment Sampling in Flowing
Water: Laboratory Study of the Effects of Nozzle Orientation, Withdrawal
Rate and Particle Size, T.A. Winterstein and H.G. Stefan, St. Anthony Falls
Hydraulic Laboratory Memorandum No. M-168, 1983
- The Modified Chickasha Sediment
Sampler, P.B. Allen & Others, Agricultural Research Service Report ARS-S-107,
- A New Facility for Testing of Suspended Sediment
Sampler Nozzles, Peter Engel, National Water Research Institute of Canada,
Report NWRI 90-116
- Preliminary Tests for the Iso-Kinetic Calibration of
the DH-81 Suspended Sediment Sampler, P. Engel and I.G. Droppo, National Water
Research Institute of Canada, Report NWRI 90-143
- Uncertainty in the Calibration of The DH-59 Suspended
Sediment Sampler, Peter Engel, National Water Research Institute of Canada, Report
- Radioisotope Gauge for Monitoring Suspended
Sediment in Rivers and Streams, C.A. Ziegler & others, 1966
- Field Test of an X-ray Sediment
Concentration Gauge, C.E. Murphree & others, 1966
- Comparisons of Turbidity Data Collected with
Different Instruments, Jack Lewis, Rand Eads, and Randy Klein, 2007
- FIELD METHODS FOR
MEASUREMENT OF FLUVIAL SEDIMENT; U.S. Geological Survey, Techniques of
Water-Resources Investigations, Book 3, Chapter C2
- NATIONAL FIELD MANUAL FOR THE
COLLECTION OF WATER-QUALITY DATA; Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations
Book 9 Handbooks for Water-Resources Investigations
- Comparison of Flume and Towing Methods for
Verifying the Calibration of a Suspended-Sediment Sampler, Water-Resources
Investigations Report 86-4193
- Sediment Transport Curves,
Doug Glysson, US Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-218, 1987
- Ultrasonic Measurement of Suspended
Sediment, US Geological Survey Bulletin 1141-A, 1962, Prepared in Cooperation
with the Federal Inter-Agency Sedimentation Project
- Guidelines for Using Bedload Traps in Coarse-Bedded Mountain Streams: Construction, Installation, Operation, and Sample Processing; Bunte, Kristin, Swingle, Kurt W., and Abt, Steven R. 2007. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-191. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 91 p.
- Sampling surface and
subsurface particle-size distributions in wadable gravel-and cobble-bed streams
for analyses in sediment transport, hydraulics, and streambed monitoring by
Bunte, Kristin; Abt, Steven R. 2001. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-74. Fort
Collins,CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain
Research Station. 428 p.