PROGRAMS AND PLANS--Dendrogeomorphic Techniques

In Reply Refer To:                              August 14, 1991
WGS-Mail Stop 415



OFFICE OF SURFACE WATER TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM NO. 91.10

SUBJECT:  PROGRAMS AND PLANS--Dendrogeomorphic Techniques

Dendrogeomorphic techniques have provided useful approaches to 
several successful cooperatively-funded projects in the Southeast 
and Northeast Regions.  Dendrogeomorphic techniques refers to the 
use of tree-ring or dendrochronologic investigations in the inter-
pretation of geomorphic form and process.  Sediment deposition, in 
particular, and in many cases erosion are processes especially 
suitable for dendrogeomorphic investigations.

The attached list of salient papers describes the use and 
illustrates potential applications of dendrogeomorphic analysis.  
Substantial information has been obtained using these techniques to 
measure bank-accretion rates, flood-plain deposition, sedimentation 
in wetlands, hill-slope erosion, and debris-flow frequency and 
deposition.  Dendrogeomorphic techniques in wetlands are 
particularly useful, in that no other methodology may provide 
detailed information on spatial and temporal aspects of sediment 
deposition.  The techniques are simple and relatively easy to 
conduct and have been documented in papers listed in the attachment.  
Copies of the publications may be obtained (preferably) from the 
publication outlet indicated in the references, from the author, or 
from the Office of Surface Water.

Currently Hupp's NRP/NR project is involved in studies that 
use dendrogeomorpic analysis in combination with sediment chemistry 
to investigate the transport and storage of nonpoint-source 
pollution.  Tom Yanosky is studying the timing and uptake of trace 
elements in fluvial environments by use of an element analysis of 
wood tissue.  Although element analysis is still in the basic 
research phase, it promises to provide information about sediment 
chemistry, shallow ground-water contamination, and saltwater 
encroachment.



                                    Charles W. Boning
                                    Chief, Office of Surface Water

Attachment

WRD DISTRIBUTION:  A, B, S, FO, PO


REFERENCES


Bazemore, D.E. and Hupp, C.R., 1991, Bottomland sedimentation near 
highway crossings:  5th Federal Interagency Sedimentation 
Conference, v. 1, sec. 4, Proceedings, p. 48-54. 

Hupp, C.R., 1987, Determination of bank widening and accretion 
rates along modified West Tennessee streams:  U.S. Department 
of Energy Conference-8608144.

______1988, Plant ecological aspects of flood geomorphology and 
paleoflood history: in Baker and others (eds.) Flood 
Geomorphology, John Wiley and Sons Inc., p. 335-356.

Hupp, C.R. and Simon, Andrew, 1986, Vegetation and bank-slope 
development:  4th Federal Interagency Sedimentation Conference,
v. 2, Proceedings, p. 83-91.

Hupp, C.R, Osterkamp, W.R., and Thornton, J.L, 1987, 
Dendrogeomorphic evidence and dating of recent debris flows on 
Mount Shasta, northern California:  U. S. Geological Survey 
Professional Paper 1396-B.

Hupp, C.R. and Carey, W.P., 1990, Dendrogeomorphic approach to 
estimating slope retreat, Maxey Flats, Kentucky:  Geology, v. 
18, p. 658-661.

Hupp, C.R. and Morris, E.E., 1990, A dendrogeomorphic approach to 
measurement of sedimentation in a forested wetland, Black 
Swamp, Arkansas:  Wetlands, v. 10, p. 107-124.

Hupp, C.R. and Bazemore, D.E., 1991, Dendrogeomorphic analysis of 
wetland sedimentation:  5th Federal Interagency Sedimentation 
Conference, v. 1, sec. 4, Proceedings, p. 40-47.

Hupp, C.R. and Simon, Andrew, 1991, Bank accretion and the 
development of vegetated deposition surfaces along modified 
alluvial channels: Geomorphology, v. 4, (in press).

Sigafoos, R.S., 1964, Botanical evidence of floods and floodplain 
deposition:  U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 485-A.

Wilson, K.V., Jr., Turnipseed, D.P., 1990, Channel and bank 
stability of Wolf Creek and a tributary at U.S. Highway 45 near 
Wheeler, Prentiss County, Mississippi:  U.S. Geological Survey 
Open-File Report 90-110.