Hydrologic Benchmark Network, Fiscal Year (FY) 1998

To: "A  - Division Chief and Staff",
        "AO - All Administrative Officers",
        "B  - Branch Chiefs and Offices",
        "CD - All Data Chiefs",
        "DC - All District Chiefs",
        wqspecs@usgs.gov, owq@usgs.gov
from: "David A Rickert, Chief, OWQ, Reston, VA" 
cc: " , WRD Archive File, Reston, VA" 
Subject: OFFICE OF WATER QUALITY TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM 98.01
Mime-Version: 1.0
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="us-ascii"
Date: Wed, 01 Oct 1997 12:46:35 -0400
Sender: "Nana L Frye, Secretary (OA), Reston, VA" 


In Reply Refer To:
Mail Stop 412                                    October 1, 1997


OFFICE OF WATER QUALITY TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM 98.01

Subject:  Hydrologic Benchmark Network, Fiscal Year (FY) 1998

This memorandum contains a summary of status and funding for Districts 
that will be operating Hydrologic Benchmark stations during FY 1998. 
Table 1 lists the 49 surface-water gaging stations that will be operated. 
One site in Idaho was discontinued during FY 1997 and will not be 
restarted. Funds for the collection of all streamgaging records will be 
distributed by the Office of Surface Water with other CBR streamgaging 
funds early in FY 1998. Funding includes basically the same amounts as 
for FY 1997 with modest increase to account for the WOTSC increase.

Table 1. National Hydrologic Benchmark Network (HBN) streamgaging
         stations, FY 1998

District        Station No     Station Name

Alabama         02369800       BLACKWATER RIVER NR BRADLEY
Alabama         02450250       SIPSEY FORK NR GRAYSON
Alaska          15292700       TALKEETNA R NE TALKEETNA
Arizona         09058300       WET BOTTOM CREEK NR CHILDS
Arkansas        07060710       NORTH SYLAMORE CREEK NR FIFTY SIX
Arkansas        07340300       COSSATOT RIVER NR VANDERVOORT
California      10343500       SAGEHEN CREEK NR TRUCKEE
California      11264500       MERCED R AT HAPPY ISLES BRDGE NR YOSEMITE
California      11475560       ELDER CREEK NR BRANSCOMB
Colorado        07083000       HALFMOON CREEK NR MALTA
Colorado        09352900       VALLECITO CREEK NR BAYFIELD
Florida         02327100       OPCHOPPY RIVER NR SOPCHOPPY
Hawaii          16618000       AHAKULOA STREAM NR HONOKOHAU, MAUI
Idaho           13169500       BIG JACKS CREEK NR BRUNEAU
Kansas          06879650       KINGS CREEK NR MANHATTAN
Louisiana       07373000       BIG CREEK AT POLLACK
Maine           01054200       WILD RIVER AT GILEAD
Michigan        04001000       WASHINGTON CREEK AT WINDIGO
Minnesota       05124480       KAWISHIWI RIVER NR ELY
Mississippi     02479155       CYPRESS CREEK NR JANICE
Montana         06169500       ROCK CREEK BLW HORSE CR NR INT'L BOUNDARY
Nebraska        06775900       DISMAL RIVER NR THEDFORD
Nevada          10244950       STEPTOE CREEK NR ELY
Nevada          10249300       S TWIN RIVER NR ROUND MOUNTAIN
New Jersey      01466500       MCDONALDS BRANCH IN LEBANON FOREST
New Mexico      08377900       RIO MORA NR TERRERO
New Mexico      09430600       MOGOLLON CREEK NR CLIFF
New York        01434025       BISCUIT BROOK ABV PIGEON BROOK AT FROST VALLEY
North Carolina  03460000       CATALOOCHEE CREEK NR CATALOOCHEE
North Dakota    05064900       BEAVER CREEK NR FINLEY
North Dakota    06332515       BEAR DEN CREEK NR MANDAREE
Ohio            03237280       UPPER TWIN CREEK AT MCGAW
Oklahoma        07311200       BLUE BEAVER CREEK NR CACHE
Oklahoma        07335700       KIAMICHI RIVER NR BIG CEDAR
Oregon          11492200       CRATER LAKE NR CRATER LAKE
Oregon          13331500       MINAM RIVER AT MINAM
Pennsylvania    01545600       YOUNG WOMENS CREEK NR RENOVO
South Carolina  02135300       SCAPE ORE SWAMP NR BISHOPVILLE
South Dakota    06409000       CASTLE CR ABV DEERFIELD RESERVOIR NR HILL CITY
Tennessee       03497300       LITTLE RIVER NR TOWNSEND
Tennessee       03604000       BUFFALO RIVER NR FLATWOODS
Texas           08103900       SOUTH FORK ROCKY CREEK NR BRIGGS
Texas           08449400       DEVILS RIVER AT PAFFORD CROSSING NR COMSTOCK
Utah            10172200       RED BUTTE CR AT FT DOUGLAS NR SALT LAKE CITY
Virginia        02038850       HOLIDAY CREEK NR ANDERSONVILLE
Washington      12447390       ANDREWS CREEK NR MAZAMA
Wisconsin       04063700       POPPLE RIVER NR FENCE
Wyoming         06623800       ENCAMPMENT CREEK ABV HOG PARK NR ENCAMPMENT
Wyoming         13018300       CACHE CREEK NR JACKSON

No program-wide water-quality monitoring will be conducted at these sites 
because of funding limitations. We will continue some water-quality work 
in the following areas:

1. Fund the second year of a three-year study to measure the effects of 
sulfur and nitrogen emission reductions on surface-water-quality at five 
Hydrologic Benchmark sites in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine.

2. Begin a three-year study to evaluate the extent of soil calcium 
depletion and the effect it has on stream chemistry and the stream's 
ability to recover from acidic deposition at seven Hydrologic Benchmark 
sites in Pennsylvania, New York, Maine, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

3. Develop another regional topical study or design a subset of the 
national network to answer focused questions about hydrologic systems in 
natural settings that are needed by water managers. This plan will be 
completed during FY 1998. Any additional monitoring required will be 
coordinated with the Districts involved. 

FY 1998 funding transfers for water-quality work will be made after 
receipt and approval of a study proposal and/or progress accomplished 
statements. 

We also will complete the preparation and publication of four USGS 
Circulars which document all of the water-quality results of the 
Hydrologic Benchmark Network from its start in 1963 through 1995. This 
work will be done with support from the Wyoming and Colorado Districts. 

The distribution of funds for the Hydrologic Benchmark Network in FY 1998 
is anticipated to be as follows:

    Gaging Station Data Collection      53%
    Sulfate Study                       12%
    Calcium Study                       10%
    Design                               8%
    Interpretation, publication         10%
    Program Administration               7%



                                Janice R. Ward /s/ for
                                David A. Rickert
                                Chief, Office of Water Quality

This memorandum does not supersede any previous Office of Water Quality 
memorandum.

Distribution:   A, AO, B, CD, DC
                District Water Quality Specialists
                OWQ Staff
                Regional Water Quality Specialists

Key Words: water quality, network, station, Benchmark, FY 1998